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SEMINAR

ANAND B
hod : P Babu
sir : Nipun Lal
Reg: 15030580
Roll no: 08
EEE S5
GPTC Palakkad
ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE IN POWER SUPPLY 1
ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE IN
POWER SUPPLY

ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE IN POWER SUPPLY 2


CONTENTS
1. Power System
2. Artificial Intelligence
3. Need of Artificial Intelligence in Power Supply
4. Artificial Intelligence Techniques
5. Practcal Application of AI in Transmission Line
6. Practical Application of AI System in Power
System Protection
7.Current Application of AI system in Power
System
8. Conclusion

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POWER SYSTEM

An electric power system is a network of electric


components used to supply,transmit and to use
electric power.Power system engineering is a sub
division of electrical engineering that deals with
generation, transmission, distribution and
utillisation of electric power and electrical devices
connected to such systems like generators,
motors and transformers.

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a computer software


that exhibits intelligent behaviour.It is generally
used to the project of developing systems equipped
with the intellectual processes features and
characteristics of human.

AI system is divided into two broad chategories :


Knowledge representation system
Machine learning system .

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NEED OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN
POWER SYSTEM
power system analysis by conventional techniques
become more difficult :

Complex, versatile and large amount o information


which is used in calculation diagonosis and learning.
Increses the computationa time period and accuracy
due to extensive and vast system data handling.

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
TECHNIQUES
Three major families of AI techniques are considered
to be applied in modern power system protection:

Expert system techniques (XPSs)

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)

Fuzzy Logic systems (FL)

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EXPERT SYSTEMS
An expert ssystem obtains the knowledge of a
human expert in a narrow specified domain in to a
machine implementable form.
Expert systems are computer programs wich have
proficiency and competance in a particular field.
They are also called as knowledge based system or
rule based system.
Expert system use the inference mechanism and
knowledgeto solve problems which cannot be or
difficult to solve by human skill and intellect.

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EXPERT SYSTEM

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EXPERT SYSTEMS
Advantages Disadvantages

It is permanent and Expert systems are


consistent. unable to learn or adapt
It can be easily to new problems or
documented. situations.
It can be easily
transfered or
reproduced.

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HOW EXPERT SYSTEM CAN BE USED IN
POWER SUPPLY

Expert system are basically compucomputer


programs,the process of writing codes for these
programs is simpler than actually calculating and
estimating the value of parameters used
ingeneretion, transmission and distribution.
Any modification even after design can be easily
done.
Estimation of these values can be done and further
reserch for increasing the efficiency of the process
can be also performed.
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ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
(ANN)
Artificial Neuron Nerworks are biologically inspired
system which converts a set of inputs into a set of
outputs by a network of neurons, where each neuron
produces one output as a function of input.
A fundamental neuron can be considered as a
processorwhich makes a simple non linear operation of
its inputs producing a single output.
The understanding of the working of neurons and
patternsof ththeir interconnection can be used to
construct computers for solving real world problems of
classification of patterns and pattern recognition.
Classified by their artitucture, number of layers and
topology, connectivity pattern, feedforward or recurrent.

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ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK
(ANN)

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ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK
(ANN)
Advantages Disadvantages
Processing speed.
Large dimensionality.
Do not need any
appropriate knowledgeof Results are always
the system model. generated even when
They have the ability to the input data are
handle situations of unreasonable.
incomplete data and
information. They are not
They are fault tolerent. scalable,ie; it is difficult
They are fast and robust. to extend for other
tasks without retraining
the neural network
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HOW ANNs CAN BE USED IN
POWER SUPPLY

The problems in generation, transmission, and


distribution of electricity can be fed to the ANNs so
that a suitable solutions can be obtained.
Given the constraints of a practical transmission and
distribution system, the exact value of parameters
can be determined.
The value of inductance, capacitance and resistance
in a transmission line can be neumerically calculated
by ANNs taking in various factors like environmental
factors, unbalancing conditions and other possible
problems. ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE IN POWER SUPPLY 15
FUZZY LOGIC

Fuzzy logic or Fuzzy systems are logical systems


for standardisation and formalisation of
approximate reasoning.
It is similar to human decision making with an
ability to produce exact and accurate solutions
from certain or even approximate information
and data.
Fuzzy logic is the way like human brain works,
and we cwn use this technology in machines so
they can perform somewhwt like humans.
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FUZZY LOGIC
Applications
a) Stability analysis and enhancement
b) Power system control
c) Fault diagonosis
d) Security assessment
e) Load forecasting
f) Reactive power planning and its
control
g) State estimations

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HOW FUZZY LOGIC CAN BE USED IN
POWER SYSTEMS
Fuzzy logic can be used for designing the phisical
components of power systems.
They can be used in anything from small circuits to
large mainframes.
They can be used to increase the efficiency of the
components used in power systems.
Most of the data used in power system analysis are
approximate values and assumptions, fuzzy logic can
be of great use to derive a stable and exact output.

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PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF AI
SYSTEMS IN TRANSMISSION LINE

If any fault occurs in the transmission line the fault


detector detects and feeds it to fuzzy system. Fuzzy
systems can be generally used fault diagonosis.
Artifitial Neural Network and Expert Systems can be
used to improve the performance of the line. The
environmental sensors sense the environmental and
atmospheric conditions and give them as input to
the expert systems. The expert systems are computer
programs which provide the value of line parameter
to be deployed as the output.
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Current Application of AI Systems in
Power System
Control of power systems like voltage control,
stsbility control, power flow control, load
frequency control.
Control of power plants like fuel cell power
plant,thermal power plant control.
Automation of power systems like restortion
management, fault diagonosis, network security.
Electricity markets like strategies for bidding,
analysis of electrcity markets.
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CONCLUSION

A plenty of reserch is performed to utilize the current


intrest of AI for Power System application.A lot of
research is yet to be performed to percieve full
advantages of this upcoming technology for improving
the efficiency of electricity market investment,
distributed control and monitoring,efficient system
analysis, particularly power systems which uses
renewable energy sources for operation.

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THANK YOU

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