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Instrumental Music of the

Classical Period
At the end of the lesson the students will be able
Identify the forms of musical composition during
classical period.
Analyze the elements and forms of musical
composition in the given musical pieces.
Compose a song using the tunes of classical
music with the topic proper waste segregation.
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(1756 1791)
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)
Classical Music
The classical era, also called Age of Reason,
is the period from 1750- 1820. The cultural life
was dominated by the aristocracy, as patrons
of musicians and artists who generally
influenced the arts. Significant changes in
musical forms and styles were made.
In the middle of the 18th century, Europe
began to move toward a new style in
architecture, literature, and the arts, known as
Classicism. It was also pushed forward by
changes in the economic order and in social
structure. Instrumental music was patronized
primarily by the nobility.
Important historical events that occurred in
the West during this era were the French
Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, the
American Declaration of Independence in
1776 and the American Revolution.
The term classical denotes conformity with the
principles and characteristics of ancient Greece
and Roman literature and art which were formal,
elegant, simple, freed and dignified. The same
characteristics may also describe the melodies of
classical music. Harmony and texture is
homophonic in general. The dynamics of loud
and soft were clearly shown through the
extensive use of crescendo and diminuendo. A
style of broken chord accompaniment called,
Alberti Bass was practiced.
The Instrumental Forms of
Music During Classical Period
A multi-movement work for solo instrument,
Sonata came from the word Sonare which
means to make a sound. This term is applied
to a variety of works for a solo instrument
such as keyboard or violin.
3 Movements of Sonata
1st Movement: Allegro fast movement
2nd Movement: Andante slow movement
3rd Movement: Minuet: It is in three-four time
and in a moderate or fast tempo.
Concerto is a multi-movement work designed
for an instrumental soloist and orchestra. It is
a classical form of music intended primarily to
emphasize the individuality of the solo
instrument and to exhibit the virtuosity and
interpretative abilities of the performer. The
solo instruments in classical concertos include
violin, cello, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, horn,
and piano. A concerto has three movements:
fast, slow, and fast.
1st Movement: Fast: Sonata-allegro form with
expositions of the orchestra and then by the
2nd Movement: Slow: Has more
ornamentation than the First movement
3rd Movement: Fast: Finale: Usually in a form
of rondo, resembling the last movement of
the symphony and usually a short cadenza is
Symphony is a multi-movement work for
orchestra, the symphony is derived from the
word sinfonia which literally means a
harmonious sounding together. It is a classical
music for the whole orchestra, generally in
four movements.
1st Movement: Fast: Sonata-allegro form.
2nd Movement: Slow: Gentle, lyrical typical
ABA form or theme and variation.
3rd Movement: Medium/Fast: Uses a dance
form (Minuet or scherzo).
4th Movement: Fast: Typically Rondo or
Sonata form.
Listen and analyze the pieces. Check the box that describes the
played music and answer the questions below.

Group Activity
1. You will be divided into 4 groups.
2. Each group will write a short poem with the
topic proper waste segregation and turn it into a
song by adapting a tune or music (of their
choice) of the Classical Era.
3. You can create or improvise an instrumental
or rhythmic accompaniment for your song.
4. You will perform in front of the class.
Criteria for Grading
Classical music refers to the period from 1750-
1820. It is also known as the Age of Reason or
Age of Enlightenment because reason and
individualism rather than tradition were
emphasized in this period. During this period,
different instrumental forms of music were
developed. These were sonata, concerto, and
symphony. The three greatest and most popular
composers of the period are: Franz Josef Haydn,
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig Van