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CEEN 5361

Advanced Structural Steel Design

Fall 2017
Dr. Bailey
This presentation discusses
Contact information and office hours for Dr. Bailey.
Instructions for how to access Blackboard.
Classroom expectations.
Course details (see Syllabus) such as:
How to order your steel manual
Grading procedures
Course outline
Course objectives and introductory material.

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Contact Information
Dr. Breanna Bailey
ENGC 374
361-593-2369
breanna.bailey@tamuk.edu

E-mail is the most reliable way to contact me.


E-mail may be sent through Blackboard.

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Office Hours
MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, and FRIDAY:
9:00-10:50 am

TUESDAYS and THURSDAYS by appointment only.

Appointments strongly recommended.

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Blackboard
A course website will be maintained on Blackboard.
Information to be posted includes the following:
Solutions to homework.
Supplementary material and handouts.
Practice exams.
Blackboard access:
Through JNET
Link at bottom of www.tamuk.edu home page
Or bookmark: https://blackboard.tamuk.edu/webapps/login/

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Blackboard

TAMUK User ID (ku...)

Default is K#

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Blackboard
The "My Courses" menu should list courses in which
you are currently enrolled. Click to go to course site.
Go to "Course Contents" (menu on left) to find:
Notes and Handouts
Homework Assignments
Homework Solutions
Exam Information

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What I Expect From You
Attendance and Participation. You will be asked
questions!
Academic Honesty.
My expectations for academic honesty are high.
Do your own work. No credit is given for copied work or work
you allow others to copy.
Do not use homework or exams from previous semesters.
Do not use the solutions manual.
Professionalism.
Take class notes. PowerPoints are few and far between.
Submit neat, correctly formatted homework.
Cell phones will NOT be used during class.

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What You May Expect From Me
I will be accessible outside the classroom.
I will make every effort to address student concerns.
I will encourage classroom discussion and answer
questions to the best of my ability.
I will own up to my mistakes.
Homework and exams will be fair and directly related
to the material covered in class.
I will provide you with every opportunity to succeed in
this class but will require you to do the work.

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Course Details: Textbooks
Textbooks
Segui, William T. Steel Design, 6th Ed., Cengage, 2017.
ISBN-13: 978-1337094740; ISBN-10: 1337094749.
A.I.S.C. Steel Construction Manual, 15th Ed., American
Institute of Steel Construction, 2017.
AISC manuals are available at a student discount for
$135. Manuals are purchased online.

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Course Details: AISC Manual
Go to http://www.aiscstudentmanuals.org
Enter the coupon code.
Online orders arrive in about a week.
Check orders cost $135 and take longer to arrive.

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Course Details: AISC Manual
Order your manual as soon as possible!
Coupon code expires October 9th.
You will use manual in class, on exams, and for
homework.

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Course Details: Grades

Homework 10%
Quizzes / Class work 10%
Exam 1 25%
Exam 2 25%
Final Project/Presentation 30%
Total 100%

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Course Details: Grades
Decisions to offer extra credit will be at the discretion
of the professor and offered to the class as a whole.
It is the policy of the TAMUK College of Engineering
that no electronic devices are permitted in course
examinations without the permission of the instructor.
Students may not leave the classroom during an
examination until they are prepared to submit their
exam for grading.

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Course Details: Grades
Letter grades will be determined as follows:
100 - 90% = A
89 - 80% = B
79 - 70% = C
69 - 60% = D
Below 60% = F
Late homework policy:
Homework is due at the beginning of class, or its late. Do not
bring it to the front of the room if you arrive late.
Late homework will have receive no more than half credit, and
no credit will be awarded if not submitted on the due date.
No extra credit applies to missing homework assignments.

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Course Details: Attendance
Attendance will be taken via sign-in sheet. Do not sign
for someone else!
Students with more than 5 unexcused absences are
subject to being dropped for non-attendance.
Class participation:
In-class assignments will provide opportunities for students to
practice course material with professor feedback.
Participation in these activities is required.
Non-participating or disruptive students will be removed from
the class and counted absent.

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Course Details: Homework
Homework is due one week after the date assigned.
Some flexibility in response to valid student concerns.
Please ask questions early!
Homework is to be completed individually.
Homework reports will be professional.
Use engineering paper. The non-grid side only!
Use a Given, Required, Solution format.
Poor quality, non-formatted work will be penalized.
Remember, this class is preparing you to become a professional
engineer. Start acting like one now.

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Course Details: Outline
Topic Reading Covered on:
1) Introduction Chs. 1 & 2 --
2) Review of Beam Design Ch. 5 Exam 1
3) Plate Girder Design Ch. 10 Exam 1
4) Composite Beam Design Ch. 9 Exam 2
5) Connection Design Chs. 7 & 8 Exam 2
6) Review of Beam-Columns Ch. 6 TBD
7) Frame Design Notes TBD

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Course Scope
Short intro film on hot rolling steel shape.

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Course Scope
This course focuses on the design of structural steel
members according to the LRFD requirements set forth in
the 15th ed. of the AISC Steel Construction Manual.
Some terms:
LRFD = Load and Resistance Factor Design
AISC = American Institute of Steel Construction
AISC code parallels ACI code in reinforced concrete design

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Course Scope: Design Aid Caution
We will be learning how to use the AISC manual to design
steel components.
The AISC manual has a lot of design aids (i.e., short cuts)
that practicing engineers may use to select component
sizes. We will learn how to use several design aids.
However, using a design aid does not mean you have
designed a component! I dont care if the book does it!
You need to use the equations to verify your work.
One major goal of this class is to teach you process, so that
you know where the design aids come from and how to
apply them properly.

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Course Scope: Design Aid Caution
Thou shalt not use design aids without
supporting calculations verifying your
design!

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The Role of Codes
Building Codes: (Ex. International Building Code, IBC)
Adopted by government entities (cities, states, etc.).
Describe minimum legal requirements for construction from
plumbing to structural safety.
Loading Standards: (Ex. ASCE 7)
ASCE 7 is included in or referenced by many building codes.
Describes minimum loads a building must withstand.
When adopted by a building code, it becomes legally binding.
Design Specifications: (Ex. AISC manual or ACI code)
Industry standards of good practice in structural design.
Explains how to design individual members to withstand loads
prescribed by ASCE 7.
When adopted by a building code, it becomes legally binding.

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The Role of Codes
ASCE 7 to calculate loads.

City adopts IBC 2015. New steel building.

AISC to design members.


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The Role of Codes
Summary: Building codes dictate the legal requirements
for construction within a geographic area. They include
provisions to specify what loads should be applied to a
structure (ASCE 7) and how members should be sized in
order to resist these loads (AISC manual).
Engineers have a responsibility to the public to understand
these codes and abide by their provisions.
When structures fail during service or construction, the
AISC code provides protection to the engineer. You must
be able to prove that you met or exceeded code
specifications in your design.

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Loads
What types of loads act on a structure?
Environmental Loads:
Snow, wind, earthquake, rain.
Magnitudes are determined by geographic location.
Live Loads:
Weight of building contents and occupants.
Magnitude and location vary over time.
Gravity-induced.
Dead Loads:
Weight of the structure and its permanent components.
Constant magnitude and location.
Gravity-induced.

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Loads
Load combinations are used to determine the governing
load effect on a member i.e., the most load a member is
likely to experience at a given time.

As structures grow more complex, so do the loads applied


to them. Multiple load combinations may need to be
considered for a structure.
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Member Types
Different members within a structure will react differently to
the same applied load:
P
B C

Member BC is in TENSION. It will fracture or yield.


Member AC is in COMPRESSION. It will buckle.
When selecting steel cross-sections for BC and AC, we
must consider the expected failure modes.

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Member Types
Different loads may cause different behaviors in a member:
w
H

1. Beam = BENDING 1. Beam & Pinned Column =


2. Columns = COMPRESSION COMPRESSION & BENDING
2. Roller Column = COMPRESSION

Expected failure modes change as loads change.


Different load combinations consider different load sources!
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Load & Member Types:
Effects on Behavior
1. Individual structural members play different roles in
supporting load. Therefore, we expect failure mechanisms
that reflect these various roles.
2. The role of a structural component (and, therefore, its
expected failure mechanism) may change when a different
loading scenario is considered.
3. We must DESIGN (i.e., select an appropriate cross-section)
structural components to withstand the worst possible
load(s) those components will see in the structures lifetime.

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Design Philosophies
In structural steel, there are two governing design
philosophies. Both seek to satisfy the design equation:

Qi < R
Q = load effect; any load creating force or stress in a
structural member.
R = member resistance; the capacity of a structural member
to resist the applied load.
Both design methods strive to select members with enough
resistance to withstand the sum of all loads acting on the
member while in service (Qi).

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Design Philosophies
Allowable Stress Design (ASD):
Compares stresses due to applied loads to theoretical maximums.
Uses one factor of safety to make sure stresses stay below
theoretical maximums.
Governing ASD Equation:

Qi / < R / FS
= relevant cross-sectional property (A or I)
FS = factor of safety

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Design Philosophies
Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD):
Service loads (loads calculated from ASCE 7 that we would
reasonably expect in the structures lifetime) are increased to
multiply their effect on the member.
The nominal member strength (the capacity of the member to
withstand loads based upon dominate failure mechanisms) is
decreased to make the member appear weaker than it is.
Distributes a factor of safety between loads and members.
Factored loads are called design loads, and the factored
resistance is the members design strength.
LRFD uses failure modes to determine a design that reflects
the lowest possible design strength. This failure mode is
the governing limit state for the member.

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Design Philosophies
Governing LRFD Equation:

i Qi < Rn
i = magnification factor to increase load Qi; generally > 1.0.
Rn = nominal strength (or resistance) of the member.
= phi factor or resistance factor; used to reduce member
capacity; generally < 1.0.
Selection of i and factors depends on probability
analysis. The goal is to reduce the region of probability
where applied load will exceed member resistance. See
Section 2.5 of Segui text.

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Summary
We will be designing structural steel components according
to the AISC steel manual, which sets forth minimum legal
requirements.
The AISC manual contains equations for designing
according to the ASD or LRFD design philosophies.
We will be using the LRFD provisions.
So lets get started!

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