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Prospect and Perspective of

the Seaweed Industry for


Building Capacities of Local
Communities to Cope with
Globalization

Seaweed Industry Association


of the Philippines
Legend: % Production

----- Highly-developed – 88%

----- Semi-developed – 10%

----- Under-developed – 2%
Commercial Species of
Seaweed in the Philippines
 Carrageenan Bearing Red Seaweed
– Eucheuma Cottonii
– Eucheuma Spinosum
 Agar-Agar Bearing Red Seaweed
– Gracilaria
– Gelidium
Types of Carrageenan
Extracted
 Eucheuma Cottonii – Kappa
– Applications
 Dairy Products
 Meat and Poultry
 Water gels
 Processed Human foods & Pet Foods
 Pharmaceutical
 Personal Care
 Eucheuma Spinosum – Iota
– Applications
 Toothpaste
 Other Dairy Products
 Pharmaceutical
Products Produced by the
Philippines(Eucheuma)
 Refined Carrageenan
 Semi-Refined Carrageenan Food Grade
 Semi-Refined Carrageenan Pet Food
 Alkali Treated Chips
 Raw Dried Seaweed
Philippine Position to World
Market
 Refined Carrageenan – No. 4
 Semi-Refined (Foodgrade) – No. 1
 Semi-Refined (Pet Food) – No. 2
 Alkali Treated Chips – No. 1
 Raw Dried Seaweed – No. 1
Countries Producing
Eucheuma Seaweed
 Philippines – 72%
– Cottonii – 97.7%
– Spinosum – 2.3%
 Indonesia – 22%
– Cottonii – 92.3%
– Spinosum – 7.7%
 Malaysia – 2.7%
– Cottonii – 100%
 Zanzibar – 3.3%
– Cottonii – 23%
– Spinosum – 77%
Philippine Exports as of 2003
 Raw Dried Seaweed
– Volume, 27,540.0 M/tons
– Value, US$15,067,330.00
 Refined Carrageenan
– Volume, 4,874.0 M/tons
– Value, US$41,421,745.00
 Semi-Refined Carrageenan
– Volume, 22,201.0 M/tons
– Value, US$87,103,214.00
World Demand on Eucheuma
Seaweed
Specie of
Seaweed 2001 2002 2003
Eucheuma
Cottonii 169,000m.t. 180,000m.t. 220,000m.t
.
Eucheuma
Spinosum 15,000m.t. 18,000m.t. 22,000m.t.

Projected increase in demand:


E. Cottonii – 10% Annually
E. Spinosum – 7% Annually
World Supply Situation
Countries 2001 2002 2003
Philippines
a. Cottonii 118,460.0 m.t. 125,254.2 m.t. 127,693.2 m.t.
b. Spinosum 4,120.0 m.t. 5,500.0 m.t. 3,000.0 m.t.

Indonesia
a. Cottonii 28,797.80 m.t. 35,605.35 m.t. 36,834.10 m.t.
b. Spinosum 3,460.00 m.t. 3,800.00 m.t. 3,100.00 m.t.

Zanzibar
a. Cottonii 741.95 m.t. 921.30 m.t. 1,378.00 m.t.
b. Spinosum 2,483.90 m.t. 2,561.00 m.t. 4,613.00 m.t.

Malaysia
a. Cottonii 3,225.85 m.t. 3,582.30 m.t. 4,900.00 m.t.

Total
a. Cottonii 151,225.60 m.t. 165,560.15 m.t. 170,805.30 m.t.
b. Spinosum 10,063.90 m.t. 11,861.00 m.t. 10,713.00 m.t.
World Market FOB Price

Specie of
Seaweed 2001 2002 2003

US$650.00/ US$700.00/ US780.00/


Cottonii Metric ton Metric ton Metric ton

US$250.00/ US$250.00/ US$230.00/


Spinosum Metric ton Metric ton Metric ton
World Market FOB Price
PRICES
PRODUCT PER KILO

Refined Carrageenan US$11.00

SRC-Food Grade US$6.00

SRC-Pet Food US$3.25

ATC US$2.80
World Market Trend

 There is high demand on Eucheuma Cottonii


than Spinosum.
 Carrageenan Market for Kappa is big, making
eucheuma cottonii seaweed high.
 There is more available supply of spinosum
against demand.
 Demand for eucheuma seaweed continuous
when prices is competitive & quality is good.
The Prospect of the Seaweed
Industry
In the Philippines
Supply and demand situation
in the Philippines for Cottonii.

Year Supply Demand Shortage

2003 127,693.22 155,000.0 27,306.78


Metric Tons Metric Tons Metric tons

The annual increase in demand is 10%


Philippine advantage over
other countries.
 Cottonii quality is higher both in recovery and
viscosity.
 Philippine has wider coastal areas and sea water is
more suitable to eucheuma cottonii culture.
 Filipinos are used to sea type of livelihood.
 Advance technology on farming and extraction of
carrageenan.
 There are 3 Refineries and 12 Semi-Refined
Processing plants for Carrageenan.
 Philippine and private sector forged a partnership
agreement to develop the seaweed industry.
 SIAP is a member of Marinalg International that helps
solved Non-Tariff Barriers for Carrageenan.
What action to take?

 Focus in seaweed production development to fill the


shortage of supply on raw eucheuma cottonii.
 Research and Development program for good quality
seaweed production and more product applications
for carrageenan.
 Strengthen organization of industry players, seaweed
farmers, traders and processors to maintain good
quality seaweed for carrageenan production.
 Government full support to the industry needs.
Non-Traditional Areas
Intensive Seaweed
Production Program Chart
PSDC
(Provincial Seaweed
Development Council)

Conduct Technology Seminar


& put up one Block Module
Orient LGU on Seaweed
(10m. X 25m.) to PSFTA
Farming Development

LGU organize
Municipal Government PSTFA Fishermen’s Group
Municipal Chapter

Commercial Farming
Starts 60 days after
Zone Municipal Waters Block module was set
Issue Permit
& Enact Seaweed Culture to Culture Seaweed
Ordinance to Seaweed Farmers
SIAP PROPOSAL ON BFAR
NURSERY FARMS
 Use the nursery farms as techno demo module in
new municipalities targeted for development.
 Award 250 square meters module to an interested
family beneficiary & operate to own.
 Make this as show case to others and a good
venue for lakbay aral training once successful.
 This can also serve as initial source of seedlings
for further development of the area.
 BFAR training funds can be used in training
beneficiaries.
TARGETED AREAS FOR
DEVELOPMENT
 14 New Provinces
Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, Sarangani, Agusan del Norte,
Misamis Oriental, Siquijor, Biliran, Capiz, Aklan, Romblon,
Oriental Mindoro, Catanduanes, Albay & Aurora
 36 Provinces for Expansion
Sulu, Basilan, Maguindanao, Davao del Sur, Davao City, Davao
Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Sur, Surigao del Norte,
Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga
del Norte, Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Southern Leyte,
Leyte, Eastern Samar, Western Samar, Northern Samar, Iloilo,
Guimaras, Antique, Negros Occidental, Masbate, Sorsogon,
Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte, Quezon, Marinduque,
Occidental Mindoro, Palawan, Batangas, Zamboanga del Sur &
Pangasinan
FINANCING COMPONENT
LBP
QUEDANCOR
Initiate Loan Application
(Loan issued not in cash but materials)

Issue Permit to
Leader/
operate business Trader
SIAP
LGU Prepare farmers’ information sheet Issue Accreditation
for loan application Papers & Market
Issue Permit on Linkage to Processors
Seaweed Culture
FARMERS
ROLE OF LANDBANK &
QUEDANCOR
Rediscount
LANDBANK Loans QUEDANCOR

Process & Process &


Release Loan Release Loan

COOP LEADER/
MUNICIPAL TRADER

Prepares Application Prepares Application


& Release Loan & Release Loan
(Materials not cash) (Materials not cash)

FARMERS FARMERS
FINANCING LOAN TO
TRADERS
LAND BANK
Payment of deliveries
Directly paid QUEDANCOR
Excess from Loan
Is returned
PROCESSORS Inspect Inventory of seaweed
Raw Exporters

Delivers Seaweed under


Marketing Agreement TRADERS
And Purchase Order
SIAP ORGANIZATION AND
ACREDITATION PROGRAM
SIAP

Carrageenan Raw Seaweed Certifying Office


SIAP
Processors Exporter

Accredited Provincial Certifying Office


Traders PSFTA

Accredited Municipal
Traders
Certifying Office
Municipal Chapter
PSTFA
Accredited Farmers
SIAP SOCIAL PROGRAM

Force Savings PHILHEALTH S.S.S.

Land Bank
Register Farmers
& Remit Monthly Premium
Authorize to collect deposits

Individual Farmer’s Municipal


Savings Account
Traders
Collect Monthly
Deduct 10% of farmers’ sales
Premiums
for deposit

Farmers
As a result….

 Philippines will be the major leader supplier of raw


dried cottonii seaweed and Kappa Carrageenan
worldwide.
 There is a ready and continuous market for all
seaweed produced by marginal fishermen or
seaweed farmers whereby providing them a lucrative
and sustainable livelihood.
 Seaweed will be the major dollar earner for the
country.
 More coastal areas are protected from Illegal Fishing.
PERFORMANCE TARGET

Year Production Number of Total Area Value of Exports


in Families In In US$
Metric Tons Hectares

2004 168,014.00 152,740.0 76,370.00 185,699,297.00

2005 227,937.00 207,216.0 103,608.00 251,930,466.00

2006 281,184.OO 309,303.0 154,651.00 310,782,444.00


GOALS
 In 2004, to fill the requirement of
Philippine Carrageenan Processors and
in 2006 to fill the world demand of Dried
Eucheuma Cottonii Seaweed.
 Increase livelihood opportunities among
marginal fishermen and exports.
 Minimize Illegal Fishing Activities.
What field of Activity in
Eucheuma/Carrageenan
industry affect the Philippines?

In terms of Community Development


and environment.
PROCESSING
 It generates employment.
 It opens the market for raw dried seaweed
produced by farmers.
 It can contribute to the Philippine economy
by increasing exports.
 It adds a higher value to seaweed.
TRADING
 It generates employment in the country
side.
 It links farmers to the processors and
even world market for seaweed.
 It directly help farmers in term of their
domestic needs (either foods or cash
advances for healthcare or farming.)
FARMING
 Over a million marginal fishermen are engage in
seaweed farming with an average annual income of
P120,000.00.
 Opening of new markets increase the shortage of raw
supply by as much as 45,000 metric tons annually in
2004 and is an opportunity for 23,000 families of new
and unemployed marginal fishermen to engaged in
seaweed farming livelihood.
 Contract farming scheme developed fishermen into
an entrepreneur.
 More coastal areas are protected from illegal fishing.
 It improves the economic condition of the
community.
Intensive Eucheuma
Seaweed/Carrageenan
Industry Development,
Developed marginal
fishermen capacities in facing
the challenge of globalization
in the field of additives.
ON THE AGAR-AGAR
PRODUCING SEAWEED
Present Situation
 Gelidium Seaweed
– High Commercial value and dried seaweed is exported to
Japan, Korea and even Taiwan.
– Agar-Agar produced locally is in demand in the local market.
– Gathered wild, there is no commercial farming technology
that invite fishermen to engage into the activity.
 Gracilaria Seaweed
– Commercial farming technology has been adopted.
– Lower commercial value that farmers are discouraged to
culture.
– Agar-Agar content has lower viscosity compared to other
countries.
Is there a future for the agar
industry?
 Gelidium
– More research for farming technology that is lucrative to
fishermen in terms of income.
– The market for dried gelidium seaweed is big.
– Intensive product applications both in the local and foreign
market.
 Gracilaria
– Culture of gracilaria can be done in Bangus or shrimp ponds.
– Identify the best specie of gracilaria with higher viscosity.
– More research on how to blend agar increasing its viscosity.
– The trend for agar uses is now focused on soft gel than the
traditional hard gel produced by South America and other
European or Asian Countries.
PROSPECTS OF THE
SEAWEED
INDUSTRY TO COPE WITH
GLOBALIZATION IS ATTAINABLE
“IF”
GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE
SECTOR COOPERATES
HONESTLY
(WITHOUT CORRUPTION)

Thank you !!!!!!