Você está na página 1de 57

FDD-LTE Radio Network

Overview
Contents

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
Drivers of Mobile Network Evolution

Big Profitability
Transition

User
Experience/
Dependency

Wireless Internet - A New Paradigm for Mobile Communication

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Evolution Trend of Mobile Technology

GSM GPRS EDGE eEDGE

TD- MC-HSPA TDD


HSPA
SCDMA MBMS

LTE
WCDMA HSDPA HSUPA HSPA+
R99 R5 R6 R7
MBMS 4G
FDD

cdma 2000 EV-DO


cdma 1x cdma 2000
EV-DO Rev. A

EV-DO
UMB
Rev. B
802.16 d 802.16 e 802.16 m

2G 2.5G 2.75G 3G 3.5G 3.75G 3.9G 4G

 Multi-Standards Coexist : OFDM, OFDMA and MIMO, basic technologies in different standards, are
employed in multi wireless access technology.
 Multi-frequency Coexistence: More frequency bands are available and standardized.
 Mobile Broadband: Increase spectrum utilization; reduce the cost of wireless data services; ready for
multimedia-based services.
© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved
Evolution of Speed

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Technologies’ Comparison

802.16e (WiMAX) HSPA+ LTE


FEATURE

TDD OFDMA FDD WCDMA FDD OFDMA


MIMO 64QAM MIMO 64QAM DL TDD SC-FDMA
BW: 1.25 ~ 20MHz 16QAM UL MIMO 64QAM

BW: 5MHz 1.4 | 3 | 5 | 10 | 20MHz


DATA RATE

63.36Mbps DL 42Mbps DL 150Mbps DL


2*2 10MHz 2*2 5MHz 2*2 20MHz

28.22Mbps UL 11.5Mbps UL 75Mbps UL


2*2 10MHz 5MHz 2*2 20MHz
STANDARD

2005.12 2008. Q3 2009. Q3


3G spectrum
New spectrum 3G spectrum
New spectrum

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Organizations Leading in LTE Ecosystem

NGMN

3GPP LSTI
Standard

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Key Requirements
Enhanced
Coverage

Peak Data Rate


Enhanced
Spectrum DL:100Mbps
Efficiency UL:50Mbps

Less Latency
Variety of CP:100ms
Bandwidth
UP:5ms

Less OPEX
and CAPEX

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Frequency and Bandwidth
E-UTRAN Band UL: eNode B receive, UE transmit DL: eNode B transmit, UE receive Duplex
Mode
FUL_low – FUL_high FDL_low – FDL_high
1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz FDD
2 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz FDD
3 1710 MHz – 1785 MHz 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz FDD
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz FDD
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894MHz FDD
6 830 MHz – 840 MHz 875 MHz – 885 MHz FDD
7 2500 MHz – 2570 MHz 2620 MHz – 2690 MHz FDD
8 880 MHz – 915 MHz 925 MHz – 960 MHz FDD
9 1749.9 MHz – 1784.9 MHz 1844.9 MHz – 1879.9 MHz FDD
10 1710 MHz – 1770 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz FDD
11 1427.9 MHz – 1452.9 MHz 1475.9 MHz – 1500.9 MHz FDD
12 [TBD] – [TBD] [TBD] – [TBD] FDD
13 777 MHz – 787 MHz 746 MHz – 756 MHz FDD
14 788 MHz – 798 MHz 758 MHz – 768 MHz FDD
...
33 1900 MHz – 1920 MHz 1900 MHz – 1920 MHz TDD
34 2010 MHz – 2025 MHz 2010 MHz – 2025 MHz TDD
35 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz TDD
36 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz TDD
37 1910 MHz – 1930 MHz 1910 MHz – 1930 MHz TDD
38 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz TDD
39 1880 MHz - 1920 MHz 1880 MHz - 1920 MHz TDD
40 2300 MHz - 2400 MHz 2300 MHz - 2400 MHz TDD

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Content

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
LTE/SAE System Architecture Evolution
PCRF: Policy and Charging Rules Function
HSS: Home Subscriber Server

GERAN
MME: Mobile Management Entity

SGSN HSS
UTRAN

S3 S6a

S1-MME

MME PCRF
S4 S7 Rx+
S11

S10
LTE-Uu
S5 SGi
Serving PDN Operator's IP Services
UE E-UTRAN
S1-U
Gateway Gateway (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.)

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


E-UTRAN Structure

MME / S-GW MME / S-GW

 Mobility Management
EPC  Serving Gateway

S1  Interface between
EPS MME/SGW & eNodeB
eNodeB
RNC
E- Node B eNodeB
X2 X2
UTRAN
X2
eNodeB eNodeB
+ =

 Interface between
eNodeBs

 Only one Node in E-UTRAN – eNodeB  Flexible band width


 Evolved Packet Core – EPC  Higher spectrum efficiency
 Evolved Packet System – EPS  High peak rate, Lower latency

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


EUTRAN/EPC Function Module

eNB

Inter Cell RRM

RB Control

Connection Mobility Cont.

Radio Admission Control MME

eNB Measurement
NAS Security
Configuration & Provision

Dynamic Resource Idle State Mobility


Allocation (Scheduler) Handling

RRC PDCP SAE Bearer Control

RLC
SAE Gateway
MAC
S1
PHY Mobility Anchoring
internet

E-UTRAN EPC

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


eNodeB Function
 Radio Resource Management
 IP header compression and encryption of user data
stream
 Selection of an MME at UE attachment when no
routing to an MME can be determined from the
information provided by the UE
 Routing of User Plane data towards Serving Gateway
 Scheduling and transmission of paging messages
eNodeB  Scheduling and transmission of broadcast information
 Measurement and measurement reporting
configuration for mobility and scheduling
 Scheduling and transmission of ETWS messages
 CSG handling

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


MME Function
 NAS signalling
 NAS signalling security
 AS Security control
 Inter CN node signalling for mobility between 3GPP access
networks
 Idle mode UE Reachability (including control and execution of
paging retransmission)
 Tracking Area list management (for UE in idle and active mode)
 PDN GW and Serving GW selection
 MME selection for handovers with MME change
MME  SGSN selection for handovers to 2G or 3G 3GPP access
networks
 Roaming
 Authentication
 Bearer management functions including dedicated bearer
establishment
 Support for ETWS message transmission

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


SGW Function

 The local Mobility Anchor point for


inter-eNB handover
 Mobility anchoring for inter-3GPP
mobility
 E-UTRAN idle mode downlink packet
buffering and initiation of network
triggered service request procedure
 Lawful Interception
 Packet routeing and forwarding
 Transport level packet marking in the
SGW
uplink and the downlink
 Accounting on user and QCI granularity
for inter-operator charging
 UL and DL charging per UE, PDN, and
QCI

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


PDN GW Function

 Per-user based packet filtering


 Lawful Interception
 UE IP address allocation
 Transport level packet marking in the
downlink
 UL and DL service level charging,
PDN GW gating and rate enforcement;
 DL rate enforcement based on AMBR

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Compare the Architecture of LTE with 3G

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Flat and IP-based Network Architecture for LTE

WCDMA/HSPA LTE Flat Structure Without RNC

MSCS
•Less investment
GGSN
MME x-GW
HLR PCRF
HSS •Easy maintenance

SGSN
EPC •Reduce transmission
MGW

RNC RNC delay

IP Backbone IP Backbone •Better reliability

Node B Node B eNode B eNode B


MME/x-GW
Integrates CN & partial
RNC functions

eNode B
Flat network structure and IP-based network can reduce Full function of Node B
the TCO of LTE network. and major function of
RNC

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Benefits for Operators and Users
User Experience →ARPU Investment Protection

Throughput Latency Reuse of


 Sites and
infrastructure
 Backhauling
 Frequency bands
HSPA LTE HSPA LTE

Low Cost per Mbps Scalable bandwidth

Optimized spectrum usage


cost per Mbps

3G HSPA HSPA+ LTE

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Enriches the Mobile Services

Mobile Broadband Changes the Future Life

 Video Sharing
 Mobile Email
 Video Blog
 Netmeeting
 Video Chat
 HD Video
Conference  Information

 Video on  Mobile
Demand Shopping
 Online Game  Mobile Bank
 HD video  Mobile Stock
streanming

LTE improves user experience by high capacity,


quick response, high data-rate and better QoS.

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Improves Broadband Applications

Live Video/ Video Blogging


Online Gaming <50 ms Latency DL 6-8Mbps/UL 2Mbps

Permanent Sync. HD Video Streaming (720i or 1080i)


DL/UL 1-2Mbps DL 6-10Mbps

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Contents

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
Frame Structure

Channel bandwidth [MHz] 1.4 3 5 10 15 20

Resource block number (FDD mode) 6 15 25 50 75 100

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Radio Transmission Schemes

OFDMA:
 SC-FDMA:
 Widely known and used in WiMAX,
 Not known from other standards yet
WLAN, DVB
 Benefits:
 Benefits:
 Technically similar to OFDMA
 Robustness against multi-path
 Low peak-to-average ratio (PAR) enables
fading improved power amplifier efficiency and
 Optimum use of available spectrum battery life

 Efficient receiver architecture

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


OFDM Technology

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


DFT-spread OFDM

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


OFDMA: Downlink Multiple Access
System Bandwidth

Sub-carriers

Sub-frame

Frequency

Time frequency
resource for User 1
Time frequency
resource for User 2
Time
Time frequency
resource for User 3
 Up to 16 QAM can be used
 Resistance to multi-path interference by Cyclic Prefix
 Friendly to MIMO

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


SC-FDMA: Uplink Multiple Access

System Bandwidth

Single Carrier
Sub-frame

Frequency

Time frequency
resource for User 1
Time frequency
resource for User 2
Time
Time frequency
resource for User 3

 Up to 16 QAM can be used


 Single carrier modulation achieves lower Peak to Average
0 Ratio (PAPR)
 FDMA is efficiently achieved through FFT operation

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


OFDMA/SC-FDMA
SC-FDMA

Xn N-point Subcarrier M-point Add CP /


DAC/RF
DFT Mapping IDFT PS

Xk ~ ~ Channel
Xl Xm
Subcarrier
N-point De- M-point Remove
Detect RF/ADC
IDFT mapping/ DFT CP
Equalization

OFDMA

Xn Subcarrier M-point Add CP /


DAC/RF
Mapping IDFT PS

Xk ~ ~ Channel
Xl Xm
Subcarrier
De- M-point Remove
Detect RF/ADC
mapping/ DFT CP
Equalization

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


MIMO Technology

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Scenarios of Different MIMO Modes in LTE

1 Mode 1 Single Antenna Port Correspond to Single Antenna Port

2 Mode 2 Transmit Diversity Provide Diversity Against Fading

3 Mode 3 Open Loop Spatial multiplexing High Mobility Environment

4 Mode 4 Closed-Loop Spatial multiplexing Improve Peak data rates

5 Mode 5 MU-MIMO Improve system Capacity

6 Mode 6 Codebook Beam Forming


Improve cell Coverage and
Suppress Interference
7 Mode 7 Non Codebook Beam Forming

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


SON Architectures

SON SON
OAM
OAM OAM

SON SON SON SON


eNodeB eNodeB
eNodeB eNodeB eNodeB eNodeB

Cell A Cell B Cell A Cell B Cell A Cell B

Centralized SON Distributed SON Hybrid SON

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


33
SON Use Cases Based on Function

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


34
SON Use Cases Based on Project

Planning Deployment

Operation Optimisation

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Content

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
 Product Solution
 Transport Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Terminal Solution
Full Series LTE Product Line
WITH VOICE
LTE TERMINAL SOLUTION

SINGLE RAN &


LTE ACCESS PLUS

MICROWAVE
LTE TRANSPORT

uMAC
LTE CORE
xGW

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


37
ZTE Unified Radio Sub-System Platform
One Network Target

GSM/EDGE UMTS/HSPA TD-SCDMA CDMA2000 WiMAX LTE


GSM/EDGE

ZTE Universal SDR Platform UMTS/HSPA

LTE

Distributed IntegratedUniversal
RRU
RRU
RSU Features

 MicroTCA architecture
 Multi-Standard support
 Baseband sharing and
BBU
software configurable
 RRU sharing and
BBU
software configurable

Future-Proof Platform with Smooth Evolution Support


© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved
38
GSM/LTE Dual-mode System to Co-existence
with UMTS
ZTE SDR Platform
 09’ Q3 launch GSM LTE
 LTE hardware ready
 Cost effective solution

GSM/LTE Dual-mode Platform

+10 years GSM system G/L dual-mode LTE system

1. Replace by GSM/LTE 2. Software upgrade


dual-mode system

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


39
UMTS/LTE Dual-mode System to Prove Future
Evolution
UMTS/LTE System UMTS/LTE System
Existed GSM system
GSM System

2. GSM replace by
U/L system
1. Build a new UMTS/LTE
dual-mode system

3. Software upgrade

LTE system

UMTS LTE

UMTS/LTE dual-mode Platform

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


40
ZTE SDR Based Uni-RAN Solution

GSM & WCDMA CN


IP based LTE
& SAE BSC/RNC backhaul
RRU@2.6GHz

LTE & UMTS


S1 Iub/Abis

LTE, GSM, UMTS


Baseband Unit
RRU @2.1GHz

LTE & GSM


 Distributed system
architecture RRU @900/1800MHz

 Multimode operation

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


41
ZTE Unified O&M Solution

NMS/OSS/ 3rd Party


BSS
NMS/OSS/BSS

EMS CORBA SNMP FILE ASCII DB

FM/PM/CM/IM FM FM/PM/CM/IM FM FM/PM/CM/IM

Fault Performance Configuration


NetNumenTM M31 Management Management Management

Accounting SON Security


Management Functions Management

Inventory System Topology


Management Management Management

NE

BSS UTRAN EPS TD-SCDMA WiMAX

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


42
Contents

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
 Product Solution
 Transport Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Terminal Solution
ZTE All-around LTE Solution

UE E-UTRAN EPC

HSS PCRF
Handset Rural

Transmission
Network
IMS
Dense Hot-
Urban
Express
Urban spot
card Suburban Home Internet
eNodeB
MME/SGW PGW

USB
dongle

B8200+ B8300+
CPE BS8800 BS8900 Femto ENB
R8860 Micro/Pico RRU

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


LTE Backhaul Transmission Bandwidth
Requirement

S1_MME
ePC
eNB
MME
S1_MME

S11
X2_U
X2_C
S1_U
S-GW

eNB S1_U

O&M i/f

O&M i/f O&M


System

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


45
HKCSL LTE Trial Network Architecture
To GE
Internet
BMI BPO
2/3G 2/3G
BMP core core
xGW 7609
MME 6513
Fiber 6513 6513 6513 6513
OAM switch 01 02 01 02

Server
(FTP, 8902 8902 … 8902 8902 8902 8902 … 8902 8902
WWW) 01 02 91 92 01 02 91 92

LTE core site

TRAXC
NWT WTT HGC
OMM

eNB eNB eNB eNB eNB eNB

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


HKCSL LTE Trial QoS Requirement

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


HKCSL LTE Trial QoS Solution
GE BMI

To 2/3G core
router
Internet xGW

MME
Fiber
6513 6513
OAM switch 01 02

Server
(FTP, IEEE1588v2 8902 8902 … 8902 8902
WWW) Grand Master 01 02 91 92

Server
LTE core site

L2 service
provider
Service COS tag Service COS tag DSCP
UMTS/GSM signal 7 UMTS/GSM signal 7 high
UMTS/GSM VoIP/conference 6 UMTS/GSM VoIP/conference 6 high
UMTS/GMS stream media 5 UMTS/GMS stream media 5 high
UMTS/GSM WWW/FTP 4 UMTS/GSM WWW/FTP 4 middle
UMTS/GSM best effort 3 UMTS/GSM best effort 3 middle
LTE signal 2 ZXR2818s LTE signal 2 low
LTE VoIP/stream 1 LTE VoIP/stream 1 low
LTE background 0 LTE background 0 low

eNB UMTS GSM

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


HKCSL LTE Trial Security Solution

AAA Server
DHCP Server
xGW

Secure domain
IP/MPLS
xGW
SR SR xGW

Security gateway

DPI

802.1x Access Authentication


IPSec ACL
Traffic Injection Policing

Non-secure
e-NB e-NB e-NB e-NB e-NB
domain

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


HKCSL LTE Trial DHCP server Deployment

xGW
DHCP Server
MME
DHCP
request
OAM
Router DHCP Relay

LTE Core site

GE Multicast flow
DHCP request
Unicast flow

L2 service provider
DHCP reply

eNB eNB eNB eNB eNB

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Content

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
 Product Solution
 Transport Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Terminal Solution
Scheme
1:GSM900+GSM1800/UMTS2100+LTE2600
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

2.6GHz LTE involved

1800/2100
combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 2600M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Scheme
2:GSM900+GSM1800+UMTS2100/LTE1800
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

1.8GHz LTE involved


Tips : intra-band
combination lead around 3
db loss
1800/2100
combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 1800M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Scheme3:GSM900+GSM1800/UMTS2100+LTE18
00/LTE2600
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

2.6GHz LTE and 1.8GHz co-


site

1800/2100 1800/2600
combiner combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 1800M 2600M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU RRU

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Contents

 Mobile Network Evolution


 LTE Architecture and Benefits
 LTE Key Technology
 ZTE LTE Solution
 Product Solution
 Transport Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Terminal Solution
IOT with third part
ES FPGA IOT test
FFA(2.6GHz)
(700MHz) (ongoing)

Sept.09 Oct.09 Apr.10

09 Dec. IOT start


(2.6GHz)
10.Mar. IOT start
(1.8GHz)

N 09 Oct. PHY IOT


(2.6GHz)
09 Dec. L1/L2/L3 IOT
(2.6GHz)

S1/S11 IOT
C (2.6GHz)
Nov.09

09Q3 09Q4 10Q1 10Q2 10Q3

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved