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Seminar on Environmental Requirements for

Commercial and Navy Ships for Efficient Maritime


Operations and Effective Environmental Stewardship

Exhaust Gas After Treatment

Wilson Chu
Global Business Development Manager
Johnson Matthey

Hyatt Regency Atlanta, Atlanta, GA


December 9, 2009
Marine Emissions Control –
Market Drivers and Control Technologies

Current SCR Future


• Norway NOx Tax to Reduce • EPA Cat. 1 & 2 NSPS
• Swedish Fairways Dues NOx • IMO ECA – Cat. 3
• Green Supply

DOC
Oxicat
and DPF Marine Future
To Reduce • GHG
to Reduce Emissions
CH4
PM
Current and Future
• DERA
• Voluntary Scrubber Future
• IMO ECA
To Reduce
• Fuel Standards
SOx
Emission Control Technologies

SCR (Selective Catalytic


Reduction) for NOx
SCR Applications

Power Plants

Waste Incineration Plants Gas Turbines

SINOx®
Heavy Duty Products Marine
Vehicles Engines

Wood-Fired Stationary
Boilers Engines
SCR Catalyst Operating Temperatures

400°F 600°F 800°F 1000°F


SINOx® Low Temperature Standard SINOx® SINOx® High Temperature
Catalyst Catalyst Catalyst

Simple Cycle Gas Turbines


Marine
IC Engines

Combined Cycle Power Plants

Typical High Dust Applications


in Power Plants

Tail End Applications in


Power Plants, Waste Incinerations

200°C 350°C 550°C


Operating Temperature
SCR Process

NOX NH3 Basic Reactions

4 NO + 4 NH3 + O2  4 N2 + 6 H2O
6 NO2 + 8 NH3  7 N2 + 12 H2O

Undesired Parallel Reactions

SO2 + 1/2 O2  SO3


NH3 + SO3 + H2O  NH4HSO4
N2 H2O
SINOx®: Coated Honeycomb SCR

 High specific surface area


 High activity in low-dust flue gases (low volume)
 Optimised pressure drop (thin metallic walls)
 Variable length and number of cells (100-400 cpsi)
 Low-dust flue gas applications
(high-grade coal, oil, gas, diesel or WIP
applications)
SINOx®: Extruded Honeycomb SCR

 High specific surface area


 High activity in low-dust flue gases (low volume)
 Optimised pressure drop
 Variable length and number of cells (6-300 cpsi)
 Low-dust flue gas applications
(high-grade coal, oil, gas, diesel or WIP
applications)
SINOx®: Coated Plate SCR

 Variable pitch, minimal dust deposition


 High erosion, poison resistance
 Low pressure drop
 Plate-to-plate clearance, variable SSA
 High-dust flue gas and special applications (coal-
fired, industrial processes & refinery power plants)
Typical Engine SCR Layout

 SCR Catalyst
 Catalyst Reactor
Housing
 Mixing Duct/Static
Mixers
 Injection Lance
 Reductant Dosing &
Control System
 NOx Analyser (optional)
 Soot Blower (optional -
not shown)
 Reductant Tank
Typical SCR Installation on an OGV

SCR System Silencer

Engine Exhaust Pipe


SCR Catalyst Reactor
SCR Catalysts

Extruded
Honeycomb SCR
Catalyst
SCR Catalyst and Soot Blowers

Soot blowing system:


 Compressed air (only) in
combination with solenoid
valves
 Recommended for
applications with high
particle concentration (or
special high dust application)
 Developed for use in
conjunction with the multi-
layer concept with reduced
air consumption (10-20
Nm3/h)
Urea Dosing & Control System

Dosing Panel

Dosing Pump

Pump Station
Emission Control Technologies

DPF and DOC


for Reducing Diesel Particulate
Diesel Particulate Matter (PM)

Vapour Phase
Hydrocarbons Solids
(SOL) Solid Carbon Spheres (0.01-
0.08mm dia) combine with
Soluble Organic Adsorbed Hydrocarbons to
Fraction (SOF) / make Particle Agglomerates
Particle Phase (0.05-1.0mm dia)
Hydrocarbons

Adsorbed Hydrocarbons
Adsorbed
Hydrocarbons

Liquid Condensed
Hydrocarbon Particles

Sulphate with Hydration

Courtesy of SAE®

Sulphate (SO4)
DPF (Diesel Particutale Filter)
DOC (Diesel Oxidation Catalyst)

DOC

CRT® (Continuosly
Regenerating technology) • DPF – >85% PM reduction
• DOC – Typical 25% PM
reduction
• ULSD required
DPF Applications

Off Road Equipment

Trucks

CRT®
Products

Stationary Engines

Locomotives

Buses
Emission Control Technologies

Methane Oxidation Catalyst


Methane Oxidation Catalysts

• Development of new catalysts required to improve low


temperature activity and extend catalyst life
Emission Control Technologies

SOx Scrubbing System


Scrubber System Retrofit

• Achieves >97% reduction in SO2


STEAM COIL FOR
PLUME
• Sea water intake and discharge
SUPPRESSION
• Fuel cost savings

SEAWATER
DISCHARGE

11,349 kw
DIESEL ENGINE
Johnson Matthey
Marine
Emissions Control Experience
Johnson Matthey Marine SCR and DOC
Emissions Control Experience

NOx Control (SCR)


• 52 Ocean Going Vessels
• 162 SCR systems
• Category 3 Diesel Engines
• Boilers
• APU
PM Control (DOC)
• NY Water Taxi

Fuel: HFO, MDO


And Diesel
Fuel: ULSD
Staten Island Ferry - NYC Transit

Alice Austen
Staten Island Ferry
Engines: 2 x CAT 3516 A
Exhaust gas flow 8507 ACFM
Temperature: 752°F
NOx Reduction: < 3 g/kWh (~ 70%)
SCR installed: 2004
New York Water Taxi

• Seaworthy Systems, Inc.


• 600 Hp Detroit Diesel
Series 60 engine
• DOC
• 25% PM reduction
• Direct muffler replacement
• Installed 2006

Courtesy New York Water Taxi


LNG Carrier, Norway

Project: „Golar Spirit“


SINOx® Installed: 2008
Application: 2 x Regas Boiler (77 t/h)
Exhaust Gas Flow: 70.100 Nm³/h
Fuel: LNG/HFO
Temperature: 290°C

Catalyst Type: SW 30 Honeycomb


Catalyst Volume: 24,12 m³
Exhaust NOx: 180 mg/Nm³
NH3 Slip: 5 mg/Nm³
LNG Carrier, Belgium

Project: 2 x LNG Carrier, Exmar „Ecellence/Excelerate“


SINOx® Installed: 2007
Exhaust Gas Flow: 2 x 70.100 Nm³/h
Application: 2 x 70t/h Regas Boiler (each)
Fuel: HFO/MDO
Temperature: 380°C
Urea Consumption: 40 %

Catalyst Type: SW 30 Honeycomb


Catalyst Volume: 10,62 m³
Exhaust NOx : 30 mg/Nm³
Merchant Vessel, Sweden

Project: „MS Timbus“


SINOx® Installed: 1999
Type MaK 8M32 (Main)/ MAN 6L16/24 (Aux.)
Power 3,840kW / 540 kW (Aux.)
Exhaust Gas Flow 21,000 / 3,000 Nm3/h
Fuel HFO / MDO
Temperature 320 / 336° C
Urea Consumption : 97 / 8 l/h (@40%)

Catalyst Type SW 30 Honeycomb


Catalyst Volume 3 m³/engine (Main)
0.4 m³/engine (Aux.)
Exhaust NOx: 2g/kWh
Supply Vessel Work Ship

Project: „Supply Vessel/Work ship“ Kleven


Exhaust gas flow: 52.290 m³/h
Engine type: 2 x MAN 6L 32/40, 2 x MAN 8L 21/31
Fuel: MGO
Temperature: 335° C
SINOx® Installed: 2007

Catalyst type: SW 40
Catalyst volume: 3,8 m³
NOx Reduction: 2 g/kWh
Contact Us

Wilson Chu
Johnson Matthey
chuw@jmusa.com
484-320-2119