Você está na página 1de 15

RESEARCH:

BUS & JEEPNEY TERMINAL


PREPARED BY:

Corpuz, John Virgo


Estrada, Santie Aaron
Shirato, Yurika
Sison, Bernadette
Tacorda, Erika Joy
Transportation is an integral part of the functioning of the society.
The transport system improves the social, economic, industrial,
commercial progress and transfers the society into an organized one. It is
one of the most essential services, vital force for determining the
direction of development.

The fast growth of population has proportionally increased


transport demand that triggers transportation development and
advances in automotive technology. In response to these demands, the
government augmented the national budget appropriation for the
construction and improvement of the roads and highway networks.
PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
1. The functional organization of bus terminal is governed by the site and
locations.
2. Area and shape of the lot.
3. The volume and type of bus operations.
4. Passengers and bus traffic circulations.
SPACE R E Q U I R E M E N TS

 PUBLIC SEATING
Public seating should be directly accessible to the concourse area provided
with drinking fountain, trash baskets and clocks.

 TICKETING FACILITIES
New concept of terminal ticketing facility is the open counters in contrast with
the old caged window. The number of selling positions or station agents varies
with the operation policy. On the average one position is provided for each 25
to 30 waiting room seats.
Length of counter space: Varies from 90-150 cm per position
Or about 4.5 – 5.5 sq. meters
Height: 105 cm
 BAGGAGE ROOM / DISPATCHING AREA

 Must have an area of about 10% of the total building area


 Contain about 4.5 sq. meters for each bus loading bus loading berth or
whichever is higher

 DISPATCH OFFICE

 Located at the concourse for direct observation of the loading berths


 Office size could be from 4.5 to 14 sq. meters
PEDESTRIAN FOR TERMINAL PASSENGERS
 THE CORRIDOR

 Corridor minimum width is based on the pedestrian traffic flow volume minus the
allowance for disruptive traffic elements.
Columns
Newstand
Stairways
Window Shoppers

 Corridor is sometimes used as waiting area or passenger line up to


purchase tickets.
 Length could be estimated at 50 cm per person spacing
 Minimum practical flow through a corridor is about 80 percent per meter width
per minute. (PMM)
 Normal working speed and avoidance of traffic conflicts, the flow volume is
equivalent to 15 PMM or less. For commuter terminal where repetitive peaks and
space restraint occurs, the value could be from 35-50 PMM

 ENTRANCE

 Maximum capacity of a free swinging door – 60 persons per minute with


expected frequent traffic congestions.
 Estimated 40 persons per minute flows will be considered as busy situation with
occasional traffic disruptions.
 Where free flowing is desired, 20 persons flow per minute should be adopted.
 STAIRS

 Maximum of people on stairway is about 52 person per meter width of stairway


per minute in the upward direction
 An average of about 1.8 square meters per person or more is required before stair
locomotion becomes normal and traffic conflicts with other pedestrian can be
avoided.
 Stair’s riser height – 17 cm or less per step will increase pedestrian speed
pedestrian speed contributing to traffic efficiency.
TYPES OF PLATFORM LOADING
 PARALLEL LOADING

 Requires large amount of space. Busses has to wait until after the first bus exits.
Large terminals requires overpass/underpass pedestrian to protect the
passengers from crossing the lanes.

 RIGHT ANGLE LOADING


 Loading that has difficulty of maneuvering bus.

 STRAIGHT SAW-TOOTH LOADING

 Proven efficient where lot is comparatively narrow and deep. The passenger has
direct approaches to the loading door and baggage truck can operate between
busses for side loading.
 RADIAL SAW-TOOTH LOADING

 Considered the most efficient type of platform loading that requires a minimum
front. The wide space at the rear permits an easy maneuvering of the bus.
 The physical and maneuverability of the bus dictates the measurements of;
1. Width of the roadway
2. Shape of platform
3. Columns spacing
4. Ceiling heights
5. Bus level design
SITE SELECTION AND CRITERIA
The selection of the location should satisfy the following criteria;

It should form a component in the hierarchy of transport systems


It should be a component in the hierarchical system of transportation
terminals
The concentration and dispersal costs should be minimum
 It should be located such that as point of coordination and integration
between inter-city and intra-city transport
REFERENCE:
Fajardo Jr., Max B. Planning and Designers Handbook (2nd
Ed.). 5138 Merchandising: Philippines, 2002