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ENGINEER RESPONSIBILITY

ON JOB SITE SAFETY


BALANAG, CHELSEA AIMEE S.
BENITEZ, PRINCESS A.
The Architect/Engineer's duties on site
safety

 administer those clauses in the contract relating to construction safety and


health
 ensure the safety of his site staff, by providing or arranging suitable training,
protective clothing, safety equipment, first-aid and welfare facilities etc.
 comment on the adequacy of the Safety Plan
 Lead the Site Safety Management Committee meetings and arrange for
the preparation of minutes of the meeting
 Carry out site safety inspections and ensure prompt follow up action taken
by the Contractor on deficiencies identified
 consider safety audit reports received and monitor progress of the action
plan submitted by the Contractor.
 take follow-up action against deficiencies identified in site inspections,
Inspection Reports received from the Labour Department and Marine
Department as well as Improvement Notices and Suspension Notices.

 The Architect/Engineer's Representative and other resident site staff will


assist the Architect/Engineer in carrying out the above duties.
Construction hazards

 An important aspect of your responsibility as an employer is to ensure your engineers


are made aware of such typical hazards encountered at various stages of a project
as:
 Being struck by moving equipment–working around excavating and compaction
equipment, vehicular traffic when testing for compaction, material properties, etc.
 Falling from heights–working near deep trenches, around caissons, vaults, from roofs,
on formwork, as well as accessing various levels of a project using access scaffolding,
ladders or other means
 Being struck by material–material is being constantly moved on a site, whether it’s
hoisted using tower cranes, mobile cranes or moved by heavy equipment, such as a
loader, fork trucks or others
 Exposure to hazardous gases, fumes, chemicals–naturally occurring chemicals in the
ground, in confined spaces, where equipment is in use (either indoors or in areas of
poor ventilation).
As an engineering/consulting firm has responsibilities under section 25(1) and (2) of the OHSA.
Among the responsibilities outlined:

 ensure that equipment, materials and protective devices as prescribed by regulations are provided,
maintained in good condition and used as prescribed;
 provide information, instruction and supervision to a worker to protect the health or safety of the
worker;
 acquaint a worker or person in authority over the worker with any hazard in the work
 take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of the worker; and
 when appointing a supervisor, appoint a competent person
 provide information, instruction and supervision to a worker to protect the
health or safety of the worker;
 acquaint a worker or person in authority over the worker with any hazard
in the work;
 take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection
of the worker; and
 when appointing a supervisor, appoint a competent person
To control the risks encountered

 1. Ensure the engineer is provided with an orientation of the project,


including:
 a. contact names and numbers of the constructor;
 b. emergency information, including first aid providers, stations and
reporting policies; and
 c. project stage, scope and related hazards.
 2. Provide training in fall protection and working at heights as required by
the construction regulations (section 26), so the engineer will be able to:
 a. recognize fall hazards, including areas with inadequate guardrails, floor
opening covers, poor ladder setup for access, and where personal fall
protection equipment will be required;
 b. inspect, don and use appropriate required personal fall protection
equipment; and
 c. identify appropriate anchor points for personal fall protection
equipment.
 3. Provide awareness training with respect to heavy equipment movement:
 a. typical blind spots of heavy equipment;
 b. procedures to separate and protect workers on foot from heavy equipment;
and
 c. requirements for the use of high visibility safety apparel.
 4. Provide other training as required, including:
 a. confined space entry, including the definition and recognition of a
confined space, and means of control to ensure safe entry;
 b. trench safety in order to recognize when safe entry is permitted;
 c. traffic safety, which means ensuring protection from vehicular traffic,
including where to park, use of high visibility clothing and how to travel
safely within a work zone;
 d. elevating work platform use; and e. suspended access platforms or
scaffolding for occupants.
Workers safety on Job site

BENITEZ, ALLAN ANGELO


SAMSON, SERINA CHARMAINE
SOCIAL POLICY

 Non-discrimination Workers who have or had TB shall not be discriminated against.


Instead, the worker shall be supported with adequate diagnosis and treatment, and
shall be entitled to work for as long as they are certified by the company’s accredited
health provider as medically fit and shall be restored to work as soon as their illness is
controlled.
 Work Accommodation Through agreements made between the management and
workers, work accommodation measures to accommodate and support workers with
TB is encouraged through flexible leave arrangements, rescheduling of working times,
and arrangements for return to work.
 Restoration to Work The worker may be allowed to return to work with reasonable
working arrangements as determined by the company Health Care provider and/or
the DOTS provider.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF
WORKERS WITH TB OR AT RISK FOR TB

 Workers who have symptoms of TB shall seek immediate assistance from


their health service provider. Similarly those at risk, i.e., those with family
members with TB, shall do the same.
 Once diagnosed, they shall avail of the DOTS and adhere to the
prescribed course of treatment.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF
EMPLOYERS

 Any contact in the workplace shall be traced and the contacts shall be
clinically assessed.
 In the context of their Corporate Social Responsibility and OSH and related
programs, employers are encouraged to extend the TB program to their
workers’ families and their respective communities.
IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING

 . The Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHC) shall provide


preventive and technical assistance in the implementation of the
Workplace TB program at the enterprise level.
 The Bureau of Working Conditions (BWC) and the DOLE Regional Offices
through their labor inspectors shall enforce these guidelines following the
labor standards enforcement framework (DOLE D.O. 57-04).
 All employers shall disseminate these guidelines in their respective
workplaces.
EFFECTIVITY

 All concerned shall comply with all the provisions of this Department Order
within 30 days from its publication in a newspaper of general circulation
Duties of Employers, Workers and other
Persons:

 Each employer covered by the provisions of this Standards shall:


 furnish his workers a place of employment free from hazardous conditions that
are causing or are likely to cause death, illness or physical harm to his workers;
 give complete job safety instructions to all his workers, especially to those
entering the job for the first time, including those relating to the familiarization with
their work environment, hazards to which the workers are exposed to and steps
taken in case of emergency;
 comply with the requirements of this Standards; and
 use only approved devices and equipment in his workplace.
Duties of the Workers:

 Works in accordance with accepted safety practices and standards


established by the employer in compliance with the provisions of this
Standards.
 Reports unsafe conditions and practices to the supervisor by making
suggestions for correction or removal of accident hazards.
 Serves as members of the Health and Safety Committee.
 Cooperates actively with the Health and Safety Committee.
 Assists government agencies in the conduct of health and safety
inspection or other programs.
Safety and Health Information

 Workers should be adequately and suitably:

a) informed of potential safety and health hazards to which they may be


exposed at their workplace; and
b) b) instructed and trained on the measures available for the prevention,
control and protection against those hazards.
Every worker shall receive instruction and training
regarding the general safety and health measures
common to construction sites which shall include:

 a) basic rights and duties of workers at the construction site


 b) means of access and egress both during normal work and in emergency situations
 c) measures for good housekeeping
 d) location and proper use of welfare amenities and first-aid facilities
 e) proper care and use of items or personal protective equipment and protective
clothing provided the workers
 f) general measures for personal hygiene and health protection
 g) fire precautions to be taken
 h) action to be taken in case of any emergency
 i) requirements of relevant health and safety rules and regulations.
Every worker shall

 a. cooperate with the Principal and Contractor / Sub-Contractor in carrying


out the provisions of these Guidelines and the Standards.
 b. report to his supervisor any work hazard that may be discovered in his
workplace.
 c. shall make proper use of all safeguards and safety devices furnished in
accordance with the provisions of the Standards for his protection and that
of others, and shall follow all instructions given by the Principal and
Contractor / Sub-Contractor in compliance with the provisions of the
Standards.
Workers Responsibilities

 Labor unions, federation, workers organization/association are required to


take an active role in educating and training their members on HIV and
AIDS including its prevention and control. The IEC program must also aim
at promoting and practicing a healthy lifestyle with emphasis on high risk
behavior and other risk factors that expose workers to increased risk of HIV
infection.
 Workers shall practice non-discriminatory acts against co-workers.
 Workers and workers’ organizations should not have access to personnel
data relating to a worker’s HIV status. The rules of confidentiality should
apply in carrying out union and organization functions.
 Workers shall comply with universal precaution and the preventive
measures.
 Workers living with HIV may be encouraged to inform the health care
provider such as company physician, on their HIV status, that is, if their work
activities may increase the risk of HIV infection and transmission or put the
HIV positive at risk for aggravation.
 Workers are enjoined to share information on prevention and control of
HIV and AIDS to their families and communities.
Workers Responsibilities

 Labor unions, federations, workers organizations and associations are


required to undertake an active role in educating and training their
members on Hepatitis B prevention and control. The IEC program must also
aim at promoting and practicing a healthy lifestyle with emphasis on
avoiding high risk behavior and other risk factors that expose workers to
increased risk of Hepatitis B infection, consistent with the standardized
basic information package developed by the Hepatitis B TWG.
 Workers shall practice non-discriminatory acts against co-workers.
 Workers and workers’ organizations shall not have access to personnel
data relating to a worker’s Hepatitis B status. The rules of confidentiality
shall apply in carrying out union and organization functions.
 Workers shall comply with universal precaution and the preventive
measures.
 Workers with Hepatitis B may inform the health care provider such as
company physician, on their Hepatitis B status, that is, if their work activities
may increase the risk of Hepatitis B infection and transmission or put the
Hepatitis B positive at risk for aggravation