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COSMOS FloWorks

Wind Tunnel Simulation


ME143 Fall 2006
J. Cho
B. Wilson
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Build a part
– Car Body
– Wing Shape
– Entire Aircraft
• Select Simulation Parameters
– Fluid
– Fluid Velocity
• Run Simulation
• View Results
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Draw a part in SolidWorks


COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Execute FloWorks Add-In


– Tools > Add-Ins
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Start New Simulation


– FloWorks > Project > Wizard
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Set Simulation Units System


COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Choose Flow Type


– Internal: Pipes, Ducts, etc…
– External: Flow over surfaces
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Choose Fluid
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Set Surface Conditions


COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Set Initial Conditions


– Flow Velocity and Direction
– Initial Pressure and Temperature
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Set Simulation Accuracy


– More Accuracy = More Simulation Time
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Size the Computational Domain


– FloWorks > Computational Domain
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Run Solver
– FloWorks > Solver > Run
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Wait for Solution to be Computed


– Depending on geometry and accuracy, simulation
time can be several hours
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Solver Window
– Completed Simulation
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Insert Flow Trajectories


– Results > Flow Trajectories > Insert
– Export Images and Video
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Results Image
COSMOS FloWorks Tutorial

• Results Animation
• Click image to Animate
Wind Tunnel Comparisons

• Air Foil
– Horizontal
– Inclined 20 degrees
• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro
– 30 mph
– 60 mph
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• Airfoil Image (Horizontal Position)
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• Airfoil Animation (Horizontal Position)
• Click image to Animate
Wind Tunnel Comparisons

• Airfoil Results (Horizontal Position)


– Low pressure zone on top of foil produces lift.
– Laminar air flow over entire profile.
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• Airfoil Image (20° Incline)
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• Airfoil Animation (20° Incline)
• Click image to Animate
Wind Tunnel Results

• Airfoil Results (20° Incline)


– 20° incline increases surface area.
• More pressure is developed at bottom of airfoil,
producing higher lift capabilities for take offs and
in-flight maneuverability.
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro (30mph)
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro (30mph)
• Click image to Animate
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro (60mph)
Wind Tunnel Comparisons
• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro (60mph)
• Click image to Animate
Wind Tunnel Results

• 1969 Chevrolet Camaro Results


• Front vehicle geometry (front spoiler)
– Improves aerodynamics
• Rear spoiler provides a downward force
– Keeps vehicle on ground at high speeds
Conclusion

• Cosmos FloWorks
– All simulation data is exportable in Excel
format or preformatted “Word” documents.
– Flow profile are easily examined for
turbulence.
– Multicolored pressure lines easily display
pressure differentials.
– All fluid properties and flow parameters are
adjustable.
• Fluid information is included in program.