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GEC 1033

LECTURER' S NAME: MR. ABU BAKAR BIN HASHIM

BY:

NUR SYAFIHANIS BINTI SRAFI


FAZIRA BINTI IBRAHIM
NUR NABILAH BINTI SHUKOR
KHAIRUNNISA AFIFAH ZAMAHARI
GEC 1033
SPEAKING SKILLS
2.3 MANAGING DISCUSSION

1. TURN TAKING
2. INTERRUPTING
3. SUSTAINING TALK
4. PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES
5. PARCIPATING IN GROUP DISCUSSION
1. TURN-TAKING - participants speak one at a time
in alternating turns.

MANAGING DISCUSSION
2. INTERRUPTING - to stop a person from speaking for
MANAGE a short period by something you say or do
- to succeed in doing or dealing with
something, especially
something difficult. 3.SUSTAINING TALK - to cause or allow something to
continue for a period of time
DISCUSSION

-the activity in which people


talk about something
4. PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES
and tell each other Paralinguistic optional vocal effects that accompany or
their ideas or opinions modify the phonemes of an utterance and that may
communicate meaning

5. PARTICIPATING IN GROUP DISCUSSION


TURN
TAKING
TURN TAKING
 It happens when asking questions that can help to
move the conversation along nicely.

 Tips on turn taking:

a) Use conjunctions and connectors


b) Use phrases of agreeing/disagreeing
c) Use phrases to ask or give opinions
d) Use phrases that act as fillers for pauses
INTERRUPTING
INTERRUPTING
 to ask questions or say things while another person is
speaking

 Tips on How to Interrupt a Conversation:

a) Have a specific purpose.


b) Use proper timing.
c) Be as polite as possible.
d) Use a gesture.
e) Project your voice
f) Thank the others for allowing you to interrupt
Formal and polite ways to interrupt:
“ I’ am sorry to interrupt, but……”
“ Excuse me (name), may I add to that……”
“ Do you mind if I jump in here?”
“ Can I share an idea?”
“ I would like to add something.” Impolite ways to interrupt:
“ I don’t mean to interrupt, but……”
“ Wait a minute!!”
“ What was that?
“What are you talking about?”
SUSTAINING TALK
SUSTAINING TALK

Sustain talk is
to open a
conversation
and it is
another to
keep it going.
 Specific techniques that you can use to keep the conversation going.

a. Ask their opinion: On any topic.

b. Concern for the person: Empathy always works.

c. Interest in the person: Ask about their lives.

d. Linking: Connect what is said to other things.

e. Plans for the future: Talk about what will or might happen.

f. Progressive disclosure: Tell a bit about yourself at a time.

g. Tell stories: Use the power of the storyteller.

h. Topical events: Talk about news and recent events.

i. Topic list: Build yourself a bag of interesting topics.


PARALINGUISTIC
FEATURES
PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES
 The study of roles of non-verbal clues is called paralinguistic.

 Clues of paralinguistics:

a. Volume of voice
b. Speed of voice
c. Intonation
d. Tone
e. Pronunciation articulation pause
f. Punctuation marks
SUMMARY
 Volume: Loudness or softness of voice

 Speed of voice: The pace with which something is spoken

 Intonation: Rise and fall in voice

 Tone: Feeling added while spoken

 Pronunciation: The manner in which a word is uttered

 Articulation: Clarity in the voice

 Pause: A break taken while speaking

 Punctuation marks: The use of conventional symbols and spacing in


communication
PARTICIPATING IN GROUP
DISCUSSIONS
PARTICIPATING IN GROUP DISCUSSIONS
 Tips for participating in a group discussion:

 Prepare.
 If you know what the topic of the discussion will be, there is a lot you can do
to prepare in advance.
 If you can find any English-language audio or TV materials about the topic,
make sure you watch it! You can also do some vocabulary research around
the topic so that you can talk about it confidently and feel relax.

 Listen.
 Listening is a very important discussion skill: make sure you listen and
respond to what other people have to say.
 Don't dominate.
 quality is more important than quantity.

 If you give other people a chance to say what they think, and
then respond with a polite, intelligent comment which you are
able to back up, you will gain the respect of your colleagues.

 Back up your points.


 providing facts or statistics to support your idea

 referring to your own experience or simply by explaining why you


said what you said.
Learn some useful phrases.
o Agreeing: You're absolutely right about that.
o Disagreeing: I'm sorry, I don't see it that way at all.
o Interrupting: Sorry, do you mind if I say something here?

 Be polite.
Using words like
Please
Thank you “ I’d like to….”
“ could
“ would you mind……?”
you….”

Make you sound polite and respectful.


THANK YOU
FAZIRANABILAHSYAFFKHAI
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