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MIDWIFERY CARE IN AUSTRALIA

(midwifery education in Australia)

NAMA : MELY SANDY


NIM: 173112540120835
KELAS E1
D-IV KEBIDANAN
The Early Education of the Midwife in Australia Florence Nightingale is a
pioneer of midwifery and nursing beginning with tradition and practice
in the 19th century. In 1824 midwifery is still unknown as part of
medical education in Australia, midwifery is still dominated by the
medical profession. The first midwife education in Australia began in
1862. The graduate was equipped with knowledge of theory and
practice. The education of midwifery diploma began in 1893. And since
it was 1899
Midwifery Education in Australia
Midwifery in Australia has been growing rapidly since the last 10 years. The basis of
education has changed from the traditional hospital base program to tertiary
course of studies that adapts the service needs of the community. Not all midwifery
educational institutions in Australia have implemented these changes, some still
using hospital-oriented programs. The educational curriculum is prepared by
academic staff. Implementation of midwife education in Australia is similar to the
implementation of midwife education in Indonesia. There is no similar perception
about the implementation of curriculum in each institution, so that midwife
graduates have different clinical competence on educational institutions. In 1913 as
much as 30% of births in the help by the midwife. Despite the increasing number of
doctors who handled labor between the years 1900-1940, there was no significant
decline in maternal mortality and the midwife was always blamed for it. In fact,
upper middle-class women who are handled by doctors in labor, actually have a
greater risk of infection than poor women handled by the midwife
Professional Problems
Midwives are important in health care since World War II and occupy large
numbers in hospitals as health care centers. Improved hospitals and nurse
associations and improved obstetricians who put more emphasis on
technology led to a retreat in midwifery. However, the situation ended when
North America assessed nurse leadership and midwife leadership that decided
that midwives were entitled to the first award and a second award was given
to nursing. The award is very important for improving the midwifery
profession. Some countries combine nursing and midwifery in a health worker,
but only a small percentage apply the system and clinical training is now
getting better toward international standards
Professional Development of Midwives
Professional Development The Government Midwife sees increased
midwifery by providing useful care. Shearman Report (NSWI, 1989) has
found a preliminary way to manage sustainable care strategies by
better providing health services to women and families. "Effective
treatment is needed at birth." CNH and MRC, 1996 concluded that
continuous care would be the goal of maternal health care.
•Regional Issues
• Australia's neighboring country, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Island has a very high mortality
rate. Rosaline, a winner of the Maria Gibran charter at ICM in Oslo at the Technological University
of Sidney saw a video used to train midwife assistants in the village by lying down after delivery of
head and shoulders, and giving birth to the placenta by pulling the cord in a controlled manner.
This method is not much different from midwife education in Australia. Midwifery students
should become nurses first before attending midwifery education, because in Australia midwifery
is still a sub specialist in nursing (maternal and child health). In it is learned about education
about family planning, women's health, gynoology care, child health care and family and youth
health. The existence of this regulation further narrows the role and workspace of the midwife.
The literature available to midwifery students is lacking. The existing curriculum is only suitable
for beginner or intermediate students, so that sometimes trained students are given the same
portion as beginners or vice versa. A few years after Australia held midwifery training, educators
opened universities with their own way of producing qualified personnel. At the same time the
government supports midwives by expanding their roles. The extent of experience can reduce the
risk of death in labor. One more thing to note is that the mother's village's birth lies in clean
banana or bed linen. In the western country there are regulations in which women give birth
should not be accompanied by their families, but there are some countries that consider this rule
as ineffective and say that maternity mothers need to be accompanied by husband or family
members
The Application of Research in Practice
• The end of the midwife problem in the region is the application of
research into practice, for example on videos used in Papua New
Guinea containing advice to midwives to abandon their traditions and
look at the facts. The presence of midwives in the country is still
questionable because of the influence of medicalization. Midwifery
nurses should not be able to help in labor. Midwifery education in
Australia is at the University level, the students are from nursing
degree graduates and 2 year midwives. In 2000, at the University Of
Technology Of Sidney, S2 was formed.
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
• 1. Siboro,J.1996.Sejarah Australia.Bandung.Tarsito
• 2. Yuli. 2000. Pendidikan Kebidanan. Jakarta: Andalas
3. http://www.hotcourses.co.i>home>Semuanegara>Australia>se
mua jenjang pendidikan>Sarjana>Kesehatan dan
Kedokteran>Kebidanan