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UNLOADING OF LPG

TANKER SHIP
Group 4 :

Hanik Winarti (0114030042)


Muhammad Farhan (0114030051)
Septiawati Karina (0114030061)
The Definition of Tanker Ship

The tanker is a ship designed specifically to carry specified/oil/fluid or its products, not
just from where drilling towards land, but tankers were also used to transport means oil
trade between ports or between countries.
The tanker has special characteristics that are different with other vessels which have
a tendency as follows:
1. Large size, especially for the area of inter-State shipping
2. Have a big block coeffisien
3. Have a paralell middle body region, up to more than 80% of the overall ship length
4. Location of engine room generally behind
Electoral reasons lay behind engine room are:

1. The tanker unloading Spaces need larger capacity


2. Safety, that is to avoid the fire; With regard to the direction of the exhaust gas engine
(hot fumes) that is always towards the back. When the engine and a chimney in the
middle and behind him there is a tank load of oil, the probability of the occurrence of
a fire is very high when the exhaust gas passes through the top of the tank.
3. Loading and unloading simpler System, the engine behind: simply requires one pump
system and a comprehensive pipeline of tank fit the front to the back. The engine in
the Middle: need 2 sets of loading and unloading system, because with separate
engine room.
4. It only takes one hand oil tight, i.e. the limit load and engine room
5. Short propeller Shaft.
Type of tanker are distinguished into:

1. Crude oil carriers, tankers carrying crude oil Derrick drilling place
2. oil Product carriers, distinguished
-Clean Product (white oil), for example: petrol and aftur
-Dirty Product (black oil), for example: asphalt and oil
3. Lightening vessels and shuttle tanker vessels, in remote areas
4. Coastal tanker,
5. Tank barges, tugboats pulled the tank.
Main types of tanker, including a liquefied gases
transported using naval vessels can be divided
into:

1. Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG)

2. Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)


The Definition of LPG (Liquid Petrolium Gas)

The liquid gas is a mixture of elements of


petroleum hydrocarbon, which consists
solely of top and Prophane Buthane. But
chemical gases results follow-up from the
petroleum industry : such as Ammonia
Hydroxide (NH), Vinyl Chloride Monomen
(VCM), Ethylene and others sometimes
also transported by ship.
The Definition of LPG (Liquid Petrolium Gas)

The liquid gas is a mixture of elements of petroleum


hydrocarbon, which consists solely of top and Prophane
Buthane. But chemical gases results follow-up from the
petroleum industry : such as Ammonia Hydroxide (NH), Vinyl
Chloride Monomen (VCM), Ethylene and others sometimes
also transported by ship.
For loading, Petroleum gas liquefied by means of
(generally) handed down on ground temperature in
accordance with the desired temperature. LPG ships can
lower themselves or maintain the temperature so that the (-
) 50 ° C. The gases that occur during this operation (and
during the cruise can be melted down again by the
system's own melting on the ship.
Things to Considered Before and During Loading
Things That Must be Considered Before Loading
1. When there is an LPG gas approaching Lover Exploxive Limit (in vol.%: 2.2%-9.5%) provide ventilation with CO2 in
order to cope with the occurrence of fires.
2. Contains a round tank, Compressor, LPG pump to better facilitate loading.
3. Close the doors, the Windows of rooms on deck so that the gas does not enter into the room.
4. Do not work that raises the heat from a fire occur.
5. Switch off the power supply to the non-unexplosive electric current in order to not happen konsleting that could
cause electrical fires.
6. Prepare the hose-hose portable and fire extinguishers in case of work accident hose ready to use.
7. Check the Emergency Shut Off Valves. This valve will close automatically in case of substitution of different types of
fluids.
8. Check the Safety Valve of the tank
9. Check the Pressure Gauge, Thermometer. If there is a temperature that exceeds the limit that you want to allow in
the can directly prohibit.
10. Check the earthing between tank and hose (Pipe line) in the process of loading does not occur is seeping out.
Things That Must be Considered During Loading

1. Do not load more than 97% of the Loading


Capacity with temperature must be below
45 ° c. To reduce free surfaces in space fit
to meet the ship's stability is good.
2. Check the possibility of leaks in order not to
pollute the marine environment.
3. Do not let the ship chimney fire in order not
to issue a fire occur.
The Condition Prohibited The Load

1. Electric Storm (Thunderstorm) from being struck by


lightning.
2. Around the vessel that is being docked or will break
away from the dock. Because it could cause the
ships docked or break away from the dock is
exposed to a gas that would have fit in that could
cause fires.
3. There are around the fire to keep it from fire occur in
quick succession.
The Process of Implementation of The Loading and
Unloading of LPG Tanker Ship

The Loading of LPG Tanker Ship


1. Performed with the compressor or from a landline. In order to prevent
an electrical short-circuit on the ship.
2. Relations of Vapour Line and Liquid Line land with the Vapour Line and
Liquid Line from the ship. In order for the liquid entry corresponding to
each pipe in the tank and unloading spaces provided.
3. Finished loading close all Valves. Emergency Shut-Off Valves. So that
the gas is not coming out.
4. Clean the ventilation with all of the tools, do not get there are still gas
LPG which is left behind. In order not to cause air pollution.
The Unloading of LPG Tanker Ship

1. Performed with compression of the ship; also with LPG pump boat.
2. you wear the LPG Pump, Liquid will flow into the pump first and then in
booster ashore.
3. Complete uninstall, close all valves, Emergency Shunt Off Valve, so that
there is no other gases are trapped in a tube and pipe fit
4. Before Bounding Off Wire, loose hose, that used to be in the process of
demolition of LPG goes according to a predetermined.
5. Clean the vents with the tools that are used, not until there is a LPG gas
left so that at the time of the turn of the type of charge is not mixed by
liquid.
To Clean of LPG Tank

1. Insert the gas tank through the State of N2


liguid-pine.
2. Suction out with N2 gas compressor which has
been mixed with LPG.
3. Waste gas mixture N2 with LPG through pipe
ditiang.
4. When the LPG 2%, could < mixed with air.
5. Open hole of the tank and check for O2 before
anyone comes in.
6. Do not hover LPG and Vapour on objects that
are hot (danger of fire).