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STATING THE…

RESEARCH
QUESTIONS
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 2

VIZACARRA (2003) FORMULATED A


GUIDE STATING THE PROBLEM:
▸ The major problem of the study can be stated by briefly
pointing it the objectives, the subject and the coverage as
well as the time frame.

▸ Specify the sub-problems of the main problem.


▸ Include all possible components under the sub-problems of
the study.
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 3

VIZACARRA (2003) FORMULATED A


GUIDE STATING THE PROBLEM:
▸ State the sub-problems in either interrogative or declarative
form. If the study is experimental, it is advisable to state it in
declarative form.

▸ You should also have advance information on the instrument


to be used for data-gathering. This will help you prepare the
methodology of the study.

▸ The statement of the problem must be brief, clear, specific


and relevant.
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 4

TYPES OF QUESTIONS

▸ Problem questions are general and explanatory


and have a crucial influence on the form and content
of topic questions.
▸ Topic questions are specific and descriptive.
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 5

SIX KEY PROBLEM QUESTIONS


1. How are a person’s self-identity, feelings, ideas, and
attitudes related to his or her social environment?
2. How do people influence each other’s behavior in social
interaction—either face-to-face or mediated through texts,
emails, mobiles, and so on?
3. How do social settings (such as schools, universities,
families, factories, companies, hospitals, and so on)
influence the behavior of those operating within them?
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 6

SIX KEY PROBLEM QUESTIONS


4. How is social behavior influenced by: (a) social class,
ethnicity, gender, age, neighborhood, region, or politics;
(b) cultural values, expectations and institutions (including
the media)?
5. How does the power influence human behavior and social
activity?
6. How does the passage of time influence social behavior?
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 7

SAMPLE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Primarily, this study aimed to assess the supervisory


management practices of selected public school principals as
perceived by the principal themselves and their teachers in
Sta. Maria, Bulacan

Specifically, this research study sought to answer the following


questions:
STATING THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS 8

SAMPLE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1. To what extend do the principals engage in their supervisory


management practices as perceived by themselves and their teachers?
2. Is there significant difference between the principals’ and teachers’
perception regarding supervisory management practices?
3. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the public elementary and
school principals related to supervisory management practices?
4. Based on the findings, what supervisory management development
program can be designed/developed to enhance the supervisory
management effectiveness of the public elementary school principals?
WRITING THE…

SCOPE AND
DELIMITATION OF
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study answers the “what,”


“where,” “when,” “who,” and “why” of the
study (Sevilla et. al., 1992)
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The delimitation of study is the explanation


of the scope of the study. This sections
allows the writer to explain why certain
aspects of a subject were chosen and why
others were excluded.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

SAMPLE
This study was limited only on the assessment of the supervisory
management practices of elected public elementary school
principals along the following aspects: instructional, curriculum,
faculty, classroom-based research and parent-teacher-
community relations development.

The respondents of this study were ten (10) principals and one
hundred ten (110) teachers purposively selected from (10) public
elementary schools in Sta. Maria, Bulacan.

This study was conducted during the School Year 2004-2005


WRITING THE…

SIGNIFICANCE
OF THE STUDY
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This significance of the study is the part of the research


paper that permits the researcher to give the value,
importance and/or contributions which the study is
expected to add to a particular discipline and to the
society in general. Its general and specific significance
must be cited in this section.
PRESENTING THE…

WRITTEN
STATEMENT OF
PRESENTING THE WRITTEN STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

PARTS

▸ Introduction
▸ Statement of the problem (research questions)
▸ Scope and delimitation
▸ Significance of the study
INTRODUCTION

It states briefly the background of the study and


identifies the rationale of the research problem. It
begins with a general statement of the problem, then
focuses on a specific problem or issue, framing said
problem within existing literature, pointing out
deficiencies in the literature and targeting the study
evidence.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It states the clearly the purpose or interest


of the study. It poses specific questions
about the research problem.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

It sets the boundaries and parameters of


the study, narrows the scope of the inquiry
and clarifies or defines terms used.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It shows the benefits of the study addressing special


problems, in improving economic and health conditions,
or even finding solutions to problems encountered in
daily life, in shedding light on the problems of human
behavior in refining existing knowledge for specific
audiences, such as researchers, leaders, practitioners,
policy makers, among others.