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HOW TO MAKE AN EXPANDABLE AND COLLAPSIBLE TABLE VIEW


IN IOS USING OBJECTIVE C?
Hello Guys, in our previous blog we have learned a lot about
creating table view and its uses. But here in this tutorial, we will
be going to make a different kind of table view.

Yes, it will be an expandable and collapsible table view, which


will show the data when user will select the particular cell object.

As we know that these days companies are using a different type


of applications that will look different and contain some hidden
features in them which make them different from other simple
applications.

With this approach, we can easily make use of the Apple’s core
features through which we can add some animation inside the
table view like fade animation, etc in it.
INITIAL SETUP

First of all, we need to create the environment to make our own custom table view
application. To do this, head into the XCode application and then click on create a
new application.

Later, after doing this select single view application from the list of different
templates as shown below.
Now, in the next step give a name to your application to recognize it later. I
am going to use “Expandable Table View” for my application as shown.
DESIGNING THE TABLE VIEW
Now, we will be going to make use of the xib to create our custom table view, not with the
usual storyboard method. So to create a custom xib file, head into the file section, from
there enter the new file and then select empty from the user interface section and click next
as shown.
Here, give a name to your empty file as shown below and save it.
Now if you see on the left side of the file section, there will appear a .xib format file. Now this will be
our custom table view cell inside which we will be going to add all the required fields later.

Assign a UITableViewCell class file to our custom cell. To do this we need to create it from the new
file section select cocoa touch class as shown.
Now, we need to select UITableViewCell subclass
and give a name to it as shown.
CREATING CONNECTION WITH OUTLETS AND OBJECTS

Now we need to create the connection with the objects and to do this head into the
Main.Storyboard section and connect the table view element with the view controller as
shown below.
If you take a look at the above image then you will find that I am using a
custom name for the table view so that I can identify the table view name to
connect it with the cell later as required by us.

Now, similar to the previous method we are going to add the remaining
objects to the view controller which is ExpandableTableViewCell. Head into
the ExpandableTableViewCell.h class and connect the following objects.

@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UILabel *rowCount;

@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UILabel *rowName;

@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UILabel *fruitName;

@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UILabel *fruitValue;

Through these labels, we are going to show all the values in our table view.
ADDING REQUIRED ARRAY FOR TABLEVIEW

Let’s now add the required array so that we can load them into our table view later. To do
this head into the ViewController.h file and add 3 arrays and an integer property to add the
selected index count inside it as shown below.

@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UITableView *customTableView;

@property (strong,nonatomic) NSMutableArray *arrayTitle;

@property (strong,nonatomic) NSMutableArray *arraySecond;

@property (strong,nonatomic) NSMutableArray *arrayName;

@property int selectedIndex;

We also require to add the Delegate and data source of the table view in it.

@interface ViewController :
UIViewController<UITableViewDelegate,UITableViewDataSource>

And finally, to call the objects of ExpandableTableViewCell class we need to import the file
ADDING REQUIRED METHODS FOR THE TABLE VIEW

Here, we need to add the required methods for table view to call the data in our application. As we
know that there are two major things required inside a table view which is the data source and
delegates methods. Through these two things, we can give life to our table view and further use it to
show the data to a user in the application.
Add the following delegates and data source methods to your view controller file.
(UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath
*)indexPath{

-(NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInTableView:(UITableView *)tableView{

}
(NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView
numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section{

-(CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath


*)indexPath{

-(void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath


*)indexPath{

These are the required methods we are going to use in our application.
CALLING THE DATA
Finally its the time where we will be going to call the data inside our table view and remember we are using the xib
file so the code could be different at this point.

First, Head to the numberOfSectionInRow method and add the return value to 1 as we need only one section for
our table view. You can use as many as you want.

-(NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInTableView:(UITableView *)tableView{

return 1;
}
Now, Add the numberOfRowsInSection required in the method as for this we will use our array as it will call the
required rows according to the array.

-(NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section{

return arrayTitle.count;
}

Now, we need to call the cellForRowAtIndexPath. Through this method we will tell the table view that which call to
use in it.

First, call the custom table view and then add the reusable cell identifier name to it. After this, call your xib file
which you have created earlier using the NSBundle Class.

Finally, assign the objects to the array.


There, it now runs the application and you can have a look at your app. It will look similar to
the image below.
Now, if you click on the cell object then nothing will be going to happen as we haven’t added the
functionality to perform the action on row selection yet.

To handle this, head into the didSelectRowAtIndexPath method of the table view and create an if
statement which can further run the particular code for row selection.

-(void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{

if (selectedIndex == indexPath.row) {

selectedIndex = -1;

[_customTableView reloadRowsAtIndexPaths:[NSArray arrayWithObject:indexPath]


withRowAnimation:UITableViewRowAnimationFade];

return;

[_customTableView reloadRowsAtIndexPaths:[NSArray arrayWithObject:indexPath]


withRowAnimation:UITableViewRowAnimationFade];

}
Now, if the user selects a particular row object then it will be going to expand the
table view and will show the data attached to it as shown below in the snapshot.
SOME ADD-ON FEATURES
Now, let’s do one more thing which is redirecting the user to the second
screen, only if the user selects a particular row element inside the expanded
view.
To do this, first we need to create a new view controller, and a
UIViewController class file for the same view controller as well.
Go to file -> new file -> cocoa touch class and create a new view controller
and name it as SecondVC as shown below.
ADDING ACTION TO BUTTON

Now, we need to add some action for the button and for this first create a method for button selector
as shown below.

-(void)buttonImageName{

SecondVC *vcSecond = [[UIStoryboard storyboardWithName:@"Main"


bundle:nil]instantiateViewControllerWithIdentifier:@"SecondVC"];

vcSecond.SelectedRowValue = buttonFruitName.tag;

vcSecond.isFruitName = 1;

[self.navigationController pushViewController:vcSecond animated:YES];


}
Remember to import your secondVC file before doing this and then add the storyboard name to it as
shown in the code above.

Inside your didSelectRowAtIndexPath method add the following method for the button click:

[buttonFruitName addTarget:self action:@selector(buttonImageName)


forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
SUMMING UP
That’s it we have completed this tutorial and I hope you will find it
useful for your application too. As expanding table view is quite
famous these days and it makes your application look pretty
amazing. Thank You and keep Supporting!!
Thanku For Watching

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