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• Every project phase involves Work Structuring

and Production Control.
• Production control governs execution of plans
and extends throughout a project. "Control“ first
of all means causing a desired future rather than
identifying variances between plan and actual.
• Production Control focuses on workflow and
production units, and uses look ahead processes
to manage them. The aim of Production Control
is to govern the execution of plans rather than
variance detection


Project Definition

Project definition is the first phase in project delivery and consists of

three modules: Determining purposes (stakeholder needs and values),
translating those purposes into criteria for both product and process
design, and generating design concepts against which purposes and
criteria can be tested and developed.

• The aim of the first phase, is to get a better

understanding for the project. Therefore, the ends
(what’s wanted), the means (what has to be provided),
and the constraints (location, time, cost, regulations)
are clarified through conversation.

• The step design concept aligns the interests of the

stakeholder through values, concepts, criteria, and
specifications and connects the first two phases of the
LPDS as it is the end of the first phase and the
beginning of the second phases.
The second phase, Lean Design, continues with the
conversations between the stakeholder to develop the
process and product design together based on the conceptual
design. If new opportunities occur during conversation the
project can go back to Project Definition.
• The Lean Design phase develops the conceptual design from Project
Definition into Product and Process Design, consistent with the design
criteria produced in Project Definition.

• Product and process design decisions are made with a view to customer
needs as well as to design criteria. Should an opportunity emerge for
increasing customer value by expanding customer needs, and if there is
sufficient time and money, the project definition process will be reengaged
to align needs, criteria, and design concepts.

• The Lean Design phase transitions into Lean Supply when the product and
process design have been developed from the design concept consistently
with design criteria, which are themselves adequate expressions of
customer needs and stakeholder demands. This alignment will be explicitly
examined and agreed by the design/build team and the client before