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4 - M A N A G E M E N T S T R A T E G I E S F O R
Key knowledge:
• Management strategies and policies for achieving and
maintaining healthy and sustainable outdoor
environments that may be adopted by public and
private land managers.

Key skills:
• Analyse specific management strategies and policies
for maintaining outdoor environments.
Management of: P u b l i c Land
A summary of general land use categories and management arrangements within Victoria.

Land use category Manager

National & State Parks Parks Victoria
Regional Parks Parks Victoria
Nature conservation
Parks Victoria
Historic & cultural features
Mostly Parks Victoria
Natural features reserves Parks Victoria
Forest Park (Otways) DELWP
Often committees of management (through
D E L W P)
Often committees of management (through
D E L W P)
SOFTWOOD PRODUCTION Private company as licensee
OTHER RESERVES Various (under D E L W P)
When we visit public land venues you will no doubt have noticed a
range of different strategies that have been put in place to manage
environmental impacts.
M a n y o f t h e s e a r e o b v i o u s t o t h e v i s i t o r ; h o w e v e r, m a n y a r e n o t .
A rangers work is far from straightforward, considering the
complexities of balancing the impacts of a range of interactions.

The National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975, requires

D E LW P t o p r e p a r e a m a n a g e m e n t p l a n f o r e a c h s t a t e a n d n a t i o n a l
These management plans serve as a guideline for how public land is
to be managed and is a key guide for land managers, such as
 Many stakeholders and communities wish for certain practices to
occur in parks, therefore the plan requires consultation with these
 The following ‘zones’ can be created within parks in order to
balance demands from these groups. These include zones for:
 Recreation and Development

 Conservation / Recreation

 Conservation

 Wilderness

 Reference

 Education
Park rangers are those responsible for implementing
strategies required to carry out the management plan of
the park.
Te x t p g . 3 0 3 - ‘ R o l e o f a p a r k r a n g e r ’ .

A rangers duties can generally be split into two areas:

Conservation and Recreation.
Management of: P r i v a t e Land
 More than 60% of Victoria is privately owned land
 This land contains large areas of land with significant
conservation value.
 It is because of this that management of private land is
crucial to the overall state of the environment.
 Here we will look into two ways this is achieved:

The Trust for Nature (Victoria)

Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010-30


Tr u s t f o r n a t u r e i s a n o t - fo r - p r o fi t o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t w o r k s t o p r o t e c t
native plants and wildlife in cooperation with private landowners.

As two thirds of Victoria is privately owned, much of the flora and

fauna may not be getting the necessary protection despite the
n e e d f o r t h e i r s e r v i c e s s u c h a s f i l t r a t i n g w a t e r.

T h e t r u s t w a s e s t a b l i s h e d u n d e r t h e V i c t o r i a n C o n s e r v a t i o n Tr u s t A c t
1972 to enable people to contribute to nature conservation by
d o n a t i n g l a n d o r m o n e y.

Tr u s t f o r N a t u r e i s n o w o n e o f Vi c t o r i a ’s p r i m a r y l a n d c o n s e r v a t i o n
organizations, with several tools to help people protect
biodiversity on private land.

The four main components of the trust for nature

conservation program are:

1. Conservation covenant – providing permanent protection

2. Stewardship program - the support program
3. Trust for Nature properties - buying back the bush
4. Revolving Fund - a cycle of success
Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy is a guiding framework
devised by the government for conserving out nation’s biodiversity
over the coming decades.

The vision of this strategy is that Australia’s biodiversity is healthy and

resilient to threats, and valued both in its own right and for its
essential contribution to our existence.
Why is biodiversity under threat?
Australia has 1700 species and ecological communities that are
known to be threatened and at risk of extinction.
Biodiversity is in decline due to a range of threats, including:
• Habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation
• Invasive species
• Unsustainable use and management of natural resources
• Changes to the aquatic environment and water flows
• Changing fire regimes
• Climate change
The Strategy
The strategy itself consists of three key areas. These aim to guide the
actions of different sectors, including the government, business and the
It sets out three main priorities which will direct efforts to achieve healthy
and resilient biodiversity, and provide us with a basis for living sustainably.
Strategy A- Engaging all Australians in biodiversity conservation
• mainstreaming biodiversity
• increasing indigenous engagement
• enhancing strategic investments and partnerships

Strategy B- Building ecosystem resilience in a changing climate

• protecting biodiversity
• maintaining and re-establishing ecosystem functions
• reducing threats to biodiversity

Strategy C- Getting measurable results

• improving and sharing knowledge
• delivering conservation initiatives efficiently
• implementing robust national monitoring, reporting and evaluation