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NSTP – CWTS 1

(National Service Training Program)

A.1 The NSTP Program


MARIANO MARCOS STATE UNIVERSITY (MMSU)
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (CAFSD)
BY: JULIUS “E. BINO” JIMENEZ

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 1762 – Military Training
Course in University of
Sto. Tomas

 Organized in 1762 by
Father Domingo
Collantes, O.P. (Rector
and Chancellor of UST.)
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY

 Military Training
Course similar to
ROTC who was
attended by a
battalion of young
students.
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY

 Military Training
Course similar to
ROTC who was
attended by a
battalion of young
students.
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY

 1912 – military
instruction started in
university of the
Philippines
 the university received
the services of a U.S.
army officer as a
professor of military
science
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY

 the first ROTC unit in the


country was established
and instruction started
on July 3, 1922

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY

 The National University,


Ateneo de Manila, and the
Colegio de San Juan de
Letran formed their
respective ROTC units
 Units remained independent
of each other until 1936,
when ROTC existed
throughout the country was
supervised and controlled
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 1935 - COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 1 / NATIONAL
DEFENSE ACT
 It was passed by the Philippine
National Assembly on December
21, 1935 under President Manuel
L. Quezon
 Required College Students,
particularly males to finish 2
years (equivalent to 4 semesters),
of military training
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 1935 - COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 1 / NATIONAL
DEFENSE ACT
Military Organization (Title II)
Article 1
COMPOSITION AND ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY
Section 17.
The Army of the Philippines shall consist of the Regular Force and
the ReserveForce: Provided, That, members of the Reserve
Force on inactive status shall not, by reason solely of their
appointments, oaths, commissions, or status as such, be held
or deemed to be officers or employees in the Philippine
Civil Service.
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 1935 - COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 1 / NATIONAL
DEFENSE ACT

Section 18.
The organized peace establishment, including the Regular Force
and the Reserves, shall comprise all organizations necessary to
form the basis for a complete and prompt mobilization for the
national defense. The Army shall at all times be organized in so
far as practicable into battalions, regiments, divisions, and, if
necessary, higher units.

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 1935 - COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 1 / NATIONAL
DEFENSE ACT
 Started the reservist system in the Philippine
National Defense
 College Students were given an option option to
choose one from among these components in
compliance with this requirements
 The purpose of this act was to create an
independent Philippine Army, this was interrupted
by world war II
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 ROTC during World War II
 By 1941 there were 33 colleges and
universities throughout the country
that maintained ROTC. All however,
were closed with the onset of world
war II.
 The Records shows that the product
of ROTC were called to the colors
and, during the occupation, they
prove their worth on the battlefield.
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 ROTC during World War II
 The war saw ROTC products in
action for the first time. Cadets from
different metro manila units took
part in the defense of Bataan and
after the surrender of last American
bastion in the archipelago

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 Post War Training

 Executive No. 59

 States that ROTC Course


is made mandatory for
all Colleges in their
respective curricula.

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 Post Marcos Era

 During the Marcos Regime, ROTC was replaced by the


Citizen Military Training or CMT.
 The ROTC was back by the provision of Republic Act
7707 of the AFP Reservist ACT.
 Presidential Decree No. 1706 was signed by president
Ferdinand Marcos on 8, August 1980.

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 Post Marcos Era
 1980 – Presidential Decree no. 1706/National Service law

 mandated compulsory national service to all Filipino


citizen
 it was composed of 3 main program components
namely:
•civic welfare service (CWS)
•law enforcement service (LES)
•military service (MS)
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 President Corazon Aquino’s Time

 1986 – 1987 – Conceptualization of the Basic Reserve


Officer’s Training Corps (ROTC) led by the president

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 President Corazon Aquino’s Time
 President Corazon Aquino signed Republic Act 7077 into
law in 1991, otherwise known as The Citizen Armed
Forces of the Philippine Reservist Law”,
as a result of the
conceptualization.

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 ROTC Crisis

 Students protest
threathen the very
existence of ROTC.
 Mandatory NO-
MORE!! The end of
mandatory ROTC in
the Philippines

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 NSTP Act: Republic Act 9163
 It is a civic education and defense
preparedness program for Filipino
tertiary education students
instituted by the Government of
the Philippines on 23 January 2002
by virtue of Republic Act 9163,
otherwise know as the “National
Service Training Program (NSTP)
Act of 2001”
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
BRIEF HISTORY
 Current Issue
 In February 7, 2017, Duterte approves mandatory ROTC
proposed by Duterte’s administration
 (Posted on April 19, 2018) Pres. Rodrigo Duterte will push
for the revival of the mandatory ROTC and CAT (by Harry
Roque)
 ROTC was abolished in 2002 because of UST student
alleged of corruption in the ROTC, death of two neophytes
during fraternity hazing
 Duterte said, ROTC trainees are those that would guide
and protect the civilians in case of violence and anarchy.
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
References:
http://www.academia.edu/3713550/HISTORY_ OF_ NSTP

JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
Guiding Questions (Group work)
1. If you will given a chance to add events in
the evolution of NSTP Law, what is it and
why?
2. In your own understanding, define NSTP
and its components
3. With the arising problems in our country
what can you contribute, as a youth, for
the development of our country?
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.
THANK YOU!!
JIMENEZ, J. I., 2018. National Service Training Program – Civil Welfare Training Service. MMSU-CAFSD. City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.