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Direct and

Indirect
Speech
The Who?
Guess the person who will ask
you such questions.
Example: This person asked me
if I had my driver’s license.
Answer: Police officer
Study this example:
Direct Speech:
The secretary of the Department of Education
said, “I am suspending classes in Metro Manila and
other provinces due to the super typhoon.”

Indirect Speech:
The secretary of the Department of Education
said that he was suspending classes in Metro
Manila and other provinces due to the super
typhoon.
A direct speech is saying exactly what
a person has said. When written, it is
enclosed in quotation marks. It is also
called quoted speech.

Example:
Antonnette said, “I appreciate my
teacher's way of teaching science.”
An indirect speech is used when the
original words of the person are said
using the words of the speaker. The
conjunction that is often used between
the first statement and what the person
said. It is also called reported speech.

Example:
Antonnette said that she appreciated
her teacher's way of teaching science.”
Guidelines in
changing
direct speech into
indirect speech.
A. The tense of the verb usually changes, because
we are talking about a time in the past.


DIRECT/ QUOTED SPEECH

Simple Present
INDIRECT/ REPORTED SPEECH

Simple Past
The students said, “We The students said that
feel excited to learn they felt excited to learn
English online.” English online
Present Continuous Past Continuous
The students said, “We The students said that
are feeling excited to they were feeling
learn English online.” excited to learn English
online.”
A. The tense of the verb usually changes, because
we are talking about a time in the past.


DIRECT/ QUOTED SPEECH
Simple Past
The students said, “Last
INDIRECT/ REPORTED SPEECH
Past Perfect
The students said that they had felt
week, we felt excited to excited to learn English online even
learn English online.” before it was announced by their
teacher.
Simple Past Continuous Past Pefect Continuous
The students said, “Last The students said that they had been
week, we were feeling feeling excited to learn English online
excited to learn English since they began last week.
online.”
A. The tense of the verb usually changes, because


we are talking about a time in the past.
DIRECT/ QUOTED SPEECH INDIRECT/ REPORTED SPEECH

Past Perfect Past Perfect


The students said, “We (no change)
had felt excited to learn The students said that
English online since we they had felt excited to
began last week.” learn English online
since they began last
week.
B. The tense of the verb does not change when
reporting a universal truth.
●he can deal gently
DIRECT/ QUOTED SPEECH
with the
INDIRECT/ REPORTED SPEECH

My ignorant
parents taught
andme misguided,
My parents taught
since me
generosity. They said, generosity. They said
“Thehe himself
more you give, also
the is beset
that with
the more I give,
weakness
more you will be bless the more I will be bless
by God.” by God.”
“Everything happens for Past Continuous
a reason,” she said. She said that
everything happens for
a reason.
C. For yes or no questions, use if to connect
indirect/reported question. For questions using what
●hewhen,
where, can deal gently
why, and how,with thequestion word.
use the
ignorant and misguided,
DIRECT/ QUOTED SPEECH
since
INDIRECT/ REPORTED SPEECH

“What
he do you thinkalso
himself of theis beset
My teacher
with asked what I
story?” my teacher asked. taught of the story.
weakness
“How is your test in English?” My parents inquired how my
my parents inquired. test in English was.
“Did you bring the required The group leader asked if I
materials?” the group leader brought the required
asked. materials.
Answer exercise on p.38-39
1. Dory said that she wouldn't be tired of learning.
2. My mother and my father both emphasized that education
was their most important legacy to us.
3. The students exclaim that they need more time to finish their
project.
4. Mother Teresa once said that we have to give until it hurts.
5. The team leader told me yesterday that I would join her in
Switzerland.
6. My professor says that respect begets respect.
7. My best friend has told me that we would conquer more
mountains.
8. Sheila reiterated that she loved chocolates more than ice
cream.
9. During our visit to the sitio, the Aeta chieftain thanked us for
giving them gifts.
10. The editor said that he would be waiting for the edited
manuscripts the next day.
Answers:
1. Dory said that she wouldn't be tired of learning.
2. My mother and my father both emphasized that education was their
most important legacy to us.
3. The students exclaim that they need more time to finish their
project.
4. Mother Teresa once said that we have to give until it hurts.
5. The team leader told me yesterday that I would join her in
Switzerland.
6. My professor says that respect begets respect.
7. My best friend has told me that we would conquer more mountains.
8. Sheila reiterated that she loved chocolates more than ice cream.
9. During our visit to the sitio, the Aeta chieftain thanked us for giving
them gifts.
10. The editor said that he would be waiting for the edited manuscripts
the next day.
What's the
importance of
reporting a
statement
correctly?
Proverbs 13:3
Those who guard
their lips preserve
their lives, but those
who speak rashly will
come to ruin.
INDIVIDUAL TASK
Watch the news program
entitled Japan’s
Independent Kids. In an
intermediate paper, write
and report the events in
class. Use direct and
indirect speech effectively.