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Welcome to the seminar on

Introduction of Micro Turbine


Generation System

• Presented by:- • Under the Guidance of


Ayush Goyal :-
(16005240021)
ME-3rd yr Dr. Ajay Kumar
Sharma
OVERVIEW
Commercially Available Yes (limited)
Size Range 25-500KW
Fuel Natural gas, hydrogen, Propane & Diesel
Efficiency 20-30%(Recuperated)
Environmental Low (<9-50ppm)NOx
Other Features Cogeneration(50 to 80 C Water)
What are Micro turbines?
Micro turbines are small combustion
turbines with outputs of 25 kW to 500
kW.
They evolved from automotive and
truck turbochargers, auxiliary power
units (APUs) for airplanes, and small
jet engines.
They are a type of combustion
turbine that produces both heat and
electricity on a relatively small scale.
History of Microturbines
Since 1970s, Automotive industry viewed the possibility of using the
microturbines to replace traditional reciprocating piston engines.
In 1978, Allison began a project aimed at the development and construction of
generating groups for military applications, driven by small gas turbines.
Companies of US , England & Sweden have recently introduced in the world
Market commercial units of microturbines.
Among these companies are: Capstone, Browman power and ABB Distributed
Generation & Volvo Aero Corporation.
When Micro turbines come into the picture?

Demand of alternate energy sources.


Need of energy in Remote locations.
Need of compact & portable power generator.
Better efficiency & require infrequent maintenance.
Need of clean energy generating device.
Components of Micro turbine
 Turbo-Compressor package
 Generator
 Recuperator (Heat Exchanger)
 Air Bearings
Basic Principle of Microturbines
Advantages and Challenges
Advantages:- Challenges: -
 Small number of moving parts.  Low fuel to electricity efficiency.
 Compact size.  Loss of power output and
 Light weight. efficiency with higher ambient
temperature and elevation.
 Good efficiency in cogeneration.  Design of air bearings
 Low emission.  Cooling problems
 Can utilize waste fuel.
 Long maintenance intervals
 Less noise than reciprocating
engines
 Less vibration
Applications
 Small scale power generation
 A textile mill ensures continuous
operation by getting its power from
micro turbines
 In automotive companies are
interested in micro turbines as a light
weight fossil fuel based energy hybrid
electric vehicles especially buses
In Automobiles(turbocharger)
Future Scope
Development is ongoing in a
variety of areas:
 Heat recovery/core generation
 Fuel flexibility
 Vehicles
 Hybrid systems (e.g. fuel
cell/Microturbine,
flywheel/Microturbine)
CONCLUSION
 Micro turbine can use low grade of fuel very effectively like waste gases, sour
gases etc.
 Thus, micro turbine gives chance of low fuel cost and less emission.
 The dimensions of micro turbine comparatively small by which it can be installed
at field where power is consumed.
 In India the micro turbine is quite useful. The power shortage effect can be
solved using micro turbine, using fuels like biogas, etc.
 India the technology is still underdevelopment so the present seminar is an
honest attempt to introduce micro turbine technology in India for solving the
problem of power generation in future.
REFERENCES
 M. Malkamäki, A. Jaatinen-Värri, J. Honkatukia, J. Backman and J. Larjola-A
HIGH EFFICIENCY MICROTURBINE CONCEPT -Institute of Energy Technology,
Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland September 2015.
 Jan Peirs, Dominiek Reynaerts and Filip Verplaetsen - A MICROTURBINE FOR
ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 300B, Leuven 3001, Belgium. 25-
February 2004 pp. 86-93.
 K.C. Goli, S.V. Kondi and V.B. Timmanpalli- PRINCIPLE AND WORKING OF
MICROTUBINE- S.E.S. Polytechnic, Solapur, MSBTE, Maharashtra, India- February
2015.
THANK YOU