Você está na página 1de 21

PRONOUNS

Why are pronouns important?


How is a message affected
by pronoun-antecedent
disagreement?
• An antecedent is the word that a
pronoun refers to. AN ANTECEDENT
IS A NOUN.
• Ex.
Marsha sang her new song.
•Pronouns are words
that are used as noun
substitutes.
KINDS OF PRONOUNS
1. Personal pronouns are used to substitute
for names of people, places, and things.

• Teresa works in the library. She assists


the librarians during break time.
• Nelson is tasked to monitor the
attendance. He reports to the school
registrar.
• The teachers supervise the
schedule. ____ coordinate with
the principal.
• Ideas were presented. ____ were
found to be essential to the plans.
• The grandeur of the plans
was inspiring. ____ was a
challenging thought.
FOUR PROPERTIES
OF PERSONAL
PRONOUNS
I. Person
a. First person pronoun refers to the
speaker: I, we
b. Second person pronoun refers to the
one spoken to: You
c. Third person pronoun refers to the
one spoken about: He, she, it, they
2. Case
a. Nominative case is when a pronoun is
used as a subject or predicate
compliment.
As subject:
They visited Africa last year.

As predicate nominative:
The new president is he.
• She continues to help other
African-Americans.

• Who are they?


• Who is she?
b. Objective case is when a pronoun is
used as direct object, or object of the
preposition.

As direct object:
Capt. Rodriguez presents them to the
press.
President Reyes drafts it for the
applicants.
As an indirect object:
The entire organization provides it
financial support.
The members give him the chance
to be their leader.
• D.O- Thing acted upon
“Subject- Verb- What?”
• Indirect Object- Who is the
recipient?
• Object of the preposition-
preposition- what?
As object of the preposition:
Several reporters donated money
for them.
The secretary talks to her
immediately.
The manager clarifies it with him.
c. Possessive case is when a
pronoun is used to indicate
possession.
Ex.
South Africa’s first black president
was Nelson Mandela. The earnest
desire to see the blacks free was
his.
NOMINATIVE SINGULAR PLURAL
First person I We
Second person You You
Third person She, he, it they

POSSESIVE SINGULAR PLURAL


First person My, mine Ours
Second person Your, yours Yours
Third person Hers, his theirs
OBJECTIVE SINGULAR PLURAL

First person Me Us

Second person You You

Third person Her, him, it them


3. Number
a. A pronoun is singular when it
refers to a singular antecedent.
b. A pronoun is plural when it refers
to a plural antecedent.
4. Gender
a. A pronoun is masculine when it
refers to a male
noun/antecedent.
b. A pronoun is feminine when it
refers to a female
noun/antecedent.
c. A pronoun is neuter when
it refers to a noun/antecedent
that denotes neither of the
sexes.