Você está na página 1de 16

Design and Implement Single Phase Induction Motor Control

by using THYRSITOR for Ventilator Application

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 1


Contents
• Introduction
• Problem statement
• Objective
• Significant of study
• Scope of study
• Literature review
• Methodology
• Schedule of the work

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 2


INTRODUCTION

 Single phase induction motor are small motors having a wide field of
usefulness where a poly phase supply is not available. They are generally
used in fans, blowers, washing machines, refrigerators, etc.

 The speed of the induction motor can be varied in a narrow range by varying
the voltage applied to the stator winding.

• This method of speed control is suitable for such applications, where the
load varies approximately as the square of speed, such as centrifugal pump
drives, fan load.
Wednesday, October 31, 2018 3
 Controller

 Diode (uncontrolled)

 Transistor (fully -controlled e.g. MOSFET, IGBT, BJT)

 Thyristors (semi - controlled e.g. SCR and TRIAC, fully -controlled GTO and
GCT(IGCT))

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 4


Problem Statement
• Controlling motor using mechanical switches or equipment is traditional

and it was risk or hazards on electrical equipment.

• Mechanical switch to ON/OFF the controller circuit is not available in

modern technology because modern technology is very complex and fast.

• Conversion of waveform from supply to load in induction motor using

DC link is complex as compare to AC-to-AC convertor (ac controller).

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 5


Objectives of the Study
General Objective
• The main objective of this project is to design and integrate the power control
circuit. At the same time, this power control circuit also will control the speed
of AC motor.

• Control speed of motor using power electronics device.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 6


Specific Objectives
• To improve power electronic drives circuit in modern technologies to control
speed of induction motor.

• To control the speed of single-phase induction motor using AC-to-AC


convertors and the effect of firing angle change on the output.

• By controlling the reactive power of motor, we can easily change the speed of
the motor.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 7


Scope of the Thesis

• The design strategy sets for Dilla University electrical laboratory and
Library case study

• AC- to- AC Convertor

• Phase voltage control

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 8


Significance of the Study

• To improve the efficiency, performance and power factor of electrical

motor .

• To increase the performance and life time ventilator

• Using ac voltage controller is the simplest and easy technique or method

for motor controlling in industries and households.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 9


Literature review
• Kamaike, H, [24] presents on his paper a tachometer generator
connected to three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor to generate a
speed signal representing the actual speed of the induction motor and
to compare it with command speed signal to produce a suitable firing
signal. In reference [23] and [22] the single phase AC controller with
cycle skipping method was used to control, start, and stop the three-
phase induction motor.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 10


• Reference [27] Sampathkumar, deals with a technique of controlling
such a single phase induction motor with the help of microcontroller
which enables to control speed of the single phase induction motor as
well as its direction of rotation and also the amount of power consumed.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 11


METHODOLOGY and MATERIALS
Material Requirements

• Thyristor • Operational amplifier as


• Single phase Induction Motor comparator
• Triggering circuit • Resistors as load
• Nameplate of Motor
• Capacitor
• Electrical AC power supply
• Single phase Transformer • Inductor and resistor as motor
• Diode parameters
• AND gates • Potentiometer as sensor
• Timer • Ventilator
• Board for prototype (modeling)
Wednesday, October 31, 2018 12
Methodology

Data collection

Literature Survey

Analysis data

Design modeling

Analyze the modeling by MATLAB, MULTISM or PSIM simulation

Implements hared ware

Testing the operation


Wednesday, October 31, 2018 13
• Block Diagram
• The block diagram of my project is shown blow

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 14


Time Framework
Works/activities Nov Dec 2017 Jan Feb 2018 Mar April May June
2017 2018 2018 2018 2018 2018

Observation of the area of study and selection of topics

Formulation of the problem


Collecting of data
Reading the data
Writing the proposal

Reviewing proposal
Proposal presentation
Correcting proposal comments from Evaluators

Writing the document


Modeling the simulation

Testing the simulation


Designing Hardware Implementation

Testing the result obtained


Approval of the thesis
Correcting comments and printing the documents

Document submission
Final presentation
Wednesday, October 31, 2018 15