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SPACE-BASED SOLAR POWER

Design, Launching & Challenges


LET’S EXPLORE SPACE-BASED SOLAR POWER

 Space-based Solar Power is the


technology that has the ability to
transfer energy on demand
anywhere on Earth in real time as
it is needed.

 It also gathers energy from


sunlight in space and transmits it
wirelessly to Earth.
EMERGENCE OF SPACE-BASED SOLAR POWER

 In the wake of the Fukushima disaster, Japan decided to


boycott usage of nuclear power and was then introduced
SBSP.
 Space-based solar power is an incredibly promising hi-tech
solution - one that could potentially solve all our energy
needs. It is currently leading in this field’s research.
COMPONENTS OFSBSP
COMPONENTS OF SBSP
Space-based solar power essentially consists of three
elements:

 Collecting solar energy in space with reflectors or


inflatable mirrors onto solar cells.

 Wireless power transmission to Earth via microwave


or laser.

 Receiving power on Earth via a rectenna, a


microwave antenna.
MODULES OF SPACE-BASED SOLAR POWER SATELLITES:

1. Microwave Transmitting Solar Satellite

2. Laser Transmitting Solar Satellite 3. Sandwich Design Solar Satellite


MICROWAVE TRANSMITTING
MICROWAVE TRANSMITTING SOLAR
SOLARSATELLITE
SATELLITE

Sunlight reflects off these


large mirrors into the
centre of the satellite
LASER TRANSMITTING SOLAR SATELLITE
SANDWICH DESIGN
SOLAR SATELLITE

The unique feature of the sandwich


SBSP is the combination of the
microwave transmitting antenna and
the laser photovoltaic (PV) arrays into
a single "sandwich" panel.

It is the best of all three models as it:


 Requires less power
management.
 Is viable to construct.
 Costs much less than other kinds
of satellites.
WORKING OF SANDWICH DESIGN
SOLAR SATELLITE
ADVANTAGES

Can harness Sun’s powers 24 hours a day.


The satellite will not be affected by atmospheric gases, clouds and other
obstructions.
Power could be relatively quickly redirected directly to areas that need it
most.
With very large scale implementations, especially at lower altitudes, it can
potentially reduce incoming solar radiation reaching earth's surface. This
would be desirable for counteracting the effects of global warming.
CHALLENGES

 The large cost of launching a satellite


into space.
 The large size and corresponding cost
of the receiving station on the ground.
 Space debris is a major hazard to large
objects in space.
 In addition to cost, astronauts working
in GEO (geosynchronous Earth orbit)
are exposed to unacceptably high
radiation dangers and risk.
NEW PERSPECTIVES ON SBSP
 In March 2015, Japan's Aerospace Exploration Agency, or
JAXA, successfully transmitted electric power wirelessly to
a pinpoint target utilizing microwaves.

 China, the leading


economic super power
by 2050, has already
established a national
mission to tap Space-Based
Solar Power.
NEED OF SBSP IN INDIA

 In August 2008 " Dr APJ Kalam


specified that SBSP has the potential to
offer 24 hours "perennial supply of renewable energy from space,
while warning that "civilization on earth will run out of fossil fuels
in this century”.

 The NSS and Indian space experts have identified the need for
global collaboration in space to meet the challenges faced by earth
due to depleting resources and climate change, especially through
US-India and other international collaboration.
CONCLUSION
 Being a clean and safe energy design, space-based solar
power has the potential to play a significant role in solving
global energy and environmental problems if the basic
issues of cost and engineering can be addressed.

 It utilizes space outside of Earth's ecological system, and


may essentially produce no by-products. So this is an
enabling technology that could leapfrog the electric-power
transmission grid on Earth.
THANK YOU

Vrinda Chopra,
Learning Paths School