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TYPES OF RESEARCH

1. BASED ON APPLICATION OF RESEARCH METHOD

a. Basic/Pure Research b. Applied Research

deals with concepts, --if your intention is to apply


--

principles, or abstract your chosen research to


societal problems or issues,
things finding ways to make positive
changes in society
2. Based on the purpose of the research
CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH

ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH

EXPLORATORY RESEARCH

GROUNDED THEORY RESEARCH.

HISTORICAL RESEARCH

PHENOMENOLOGICAL
RESEARCH

EXPLANATORY RESEARCH
EXPLANATORY RESEARCH

• This type of Research elaborates


or explains not just the reasons
behind the relationship of two
factors, but also the ways by
which such relationships exists.
3. BASED ON TYPE OF DATA NEEDED

Qualitative Research • Quantitative Research


requires non-numerical data, which involves measurement of data. It
means that the research uses words
presents research findings referring to
rather than numbers to express the
the number or frequency of something
results, the inquiry, or investigation about
people’s thoughts, beliefs, views, and in numerical forms (i.e., using
lifestyles regarding the object of the study. percentages, fractions, numbers.)
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY DATA

Primary Data Secondary Data


Obtained through direct If such data, have already
observation or contact with people, been written about or
objects, artifacts, paintings, etc. reported on and are available
Primary data are new and original for reading purposes, they
information resulting from your
exist as secondary data.
sensory experience.
THINK-PAIR-SHARE

• See activity sheet no.1


APPROACHES TO RESEARCH
Scientific or Positive Naturalistic Approach Triangulation Approach
Approach
• Discovering and measuring • Uses words to express data • Combining the first two approaches in
information as well as observe • Directs you to deal with qualitative data designing your research leads you to
and control variables in an that speak of how people behave toward the third one, called triangulation
their surroundings. approach.
impersonal manner
• These are non-numerical data that • In this case, you are free to gather and
• The data gathering technique
express truths about the way people analyze data using multiple methods,
appropriate for this approach are perceive or understand the whole world allowing you to combine or mix up
structured interviews, in a subjective or personal basis in an research approaches, research types,
questionnaires, and observational uncontrolled or unstructured manner, a data gathering, and data analysis
checklists. naturalistic approach happens in a techniques.
• Data given by this techniques are natural setting. • Gives you the opportunity to view
expressed through numbers, every angle of the research from
which means that this method is different perspectives. (Bake
2012;Silverman 2013)
suitable for quantitative
research.