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ISO & Water:

Global solutions to global

• Although essential for life,
• water supplies are burdened by:
 drought
 water shortages Pressure on the world’s
water resources is
 climate change
reaching unsustainable
 contamination and pollution levels.
 the requirements of large cities
 intensive irrigation
 growing population with higher
standards of living

• Every year, more than 1.5 million children die from waterborne diseases.

• Water and sanitation are central for Considerable investments and sound
 improving quality of life management of resources, together
 alleviating poverty and hunger with increased global cooperation are
necessary to meet the needs of the
 promoting sustainable
world’s population.
development, environmental
integrity and health

• The goals of safe water and improved sanitation are highlighted in the UN Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), and are at the heart of the UN Decade of Action Water
for life 2005-2015.
 ISO’s more than 260* water quality
Water quality standards provide a common
terminology, water sampling methods
• Every day, two million tons of sewage and reporting and monitoring guidance
and other effluents drain into the world’s to check presence of bacteria, purity
waters. and other characteristics.
 They apply to everything from plant
• In developing countries, 70 % of industrial
treatment agents to natural mineral
waste is dumped untreated, polluting the waters.
usable water supply.
 ISO standards for performance, materials,
Irrigation test methods, data interpretation and
reporting (ISO/TC 23/ SC 18) promote a
• Agriculture accounts for about 70 % of more efficient irrigation, easing the strain
the world’s freshwater use (22 % goes to on water resources.
industry and only 8 % to domestic  ISO is also working on a standard for the
consumption). use of treated wastewater in irrigation
• Irrigation can increase yields of crops by (ISO 16075), a key step forward for
100 % to 400 %, and is crucial to support sustainability.
the planet’s rapidly growing population.  ISO standards for infrastructure and water
Access & Scarcity quality can be used to bring safe water to
• Some 894 million people have no access  Standards for pipes and valves increase
the efficiency of water distribution services
to safe drinking water and over 2.5 billion and reduce leakages, preventing
people worldwide live without adequate unnecessary water losses.
sanitation.  Metering and hydrometry standards help
monitor and measure water conservation.