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FINAL YEAR DESIGN PROJECT-PROGRESS PRESENTATION 1

RFID BASED PAID CAR PARKING SYSTEM


Supervisor:
Sir.Kashif Iqbal
Group Members:
1. Ibadullah UW-15-EE-Bsc-058
2. M. Amaad UW-15-EE-Bsc-060
3. Afrasiab UW-15-EE-Bsc-062
4. Ihsan Ilahi UW-15-EE-Bsc-096
CONTENTS

■ Problem Statement
■ Objective
■ Literature Review
■ Methodology
■ Progress Summary
■ Technical Specifications
■ Applications
3
PROBLEM STATEMENT

■ A lot of time is wasted in searching vacant slot for parking and


many times it creates jams. Conditions become worse when there
are multiple parking lanes and each lane with multiple parking
slots.
■ Conventional parking systems do not have any intelligent
monitoring system and the parking lots are monitored by
security guards .
OBJECTIVE
■ The main objective is to avoid the cramming in the car parking
area by implementing an efficient car parking system along with a
user-friendly application for an ease of use .

■ Creating an automated system which not only helps users to make


parking much more efficient and faster but also automates the
payment gateway using RFID thus saving the user a lot of time.
INTRODUCTION
■ Nowadays in many public places such as malls, multiplex systems,
hospitals, offices, market areas there is a crucial problem of car
parking.
■ The car-parking area has many lanes/slots for car parking. So to
park a car one has to look for all the lanes. Moreover, this involves a
lot of manual labor and investment.
■ So, there is a need to develop an automated parking system that
indicates directly the availability of vacant parking slots in any lane
right at the entrance.
CONTINUE…
■ It involves a system including infrared transmitter- receiver
pair in each lane and a display outside the car parking gate.
■ So the person desirous to park his vehicle is well informed
about the status of availability of parking slot.
■ Conventional parking systems do not have any intelligent
monitoring system and the parking lots are monitored by
security guards.
Sofware Simulation
RFID Tags Status
LITERATURE REVIEW
■ Automated parking slot allocation using RFID technology
K. Ganesan and K. Vignesh, "Automated parking slot allocation using RFID
technology," 2007 9th International Symposium on Signal Processing and Its
Applications, Sharjah, 2007

■ Smart parking management system using RFID and OCR


Y. Joshi, P. Gharate, C. Ahire, N. Alai and S. Sonavane, "Smart parking
management system using RFID and OCR," 2015 International Conference
on Energy Systems and Applications, Pune, 2015, pp. 729-734.
CONTINUE
■ RFID-based efficient method for parking slot car detection
P. Šolić, I. Marasović, M. L. Stefanizzi, L. Patrono and L. Mainetti, "RFID-
based efficient method for parking slot car detection," 2015 23rd International
Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks
(SoftCOM), Split, 2015, pp. 108-112.

■ Smart Parking Applications Using RFID Technology


Z. Pala and N. Inanc, "Smart Parking Applications Using RFID
Technology," 2007 1st Annual RFID Eurasia, Istanbul, 2007, pp. 1-3.
CONTINUE
■ Smart Parking Management System: An integration of RFID, ALPR,
and WSN
H. Chandra, Michael, K. R. Hadisaputra, H. Santoso and E. Anggadjaja,
"Smart Parking Management System: An integration of RFID, ALPR, and
WSN," 2017 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Engineering
Technologies and Social Sciences (ICETSS), Bangkok, 2017, pp. 1-6.
■ Implementation of RFID Technology in Parking Lot Access Control
System
G. Ostojic, S. Stankovski, M. Lazarevic and V. Jovanovic, "Implementation
of RFID Technology in Parking Lot Access Control System," 2007 1st
Annual RFID Eurasia, Istanbul, 2007, pp. 1-5.
CONTINUE
■ Application development for reservation based parking slot
allotment and management system using Android
R. S. S. Devi, V. R. V. Kumar and S. Sridevi, "Application development
for reservation based parking slot allotment and management system
using Android," 2017 International Conference on Innovations in
Information, Embedded and Communication Systems (ICIIECS),
Coimbatore, 2017, pp. 1-5.
■ An Intelligent Parking Management System Based on RS485 and
RFID
H. Zhou and Z. Li, "An Intelligent Parking Management System Based on
RS485 and RFID," 2016 International Conference on Cyber-Enabled
Distributed Computing and Knowledge Discovery (CyberC), Chengdu,
2016, pp. 355-359.
CONTINUE
■ Real time car parking system: A novel taxonomy for integrated
vehicular computing
E. C. Anderson, K. C. Okafor, O. Nkwachukwu and D. O. Dike, "Real time
car parking system: A novel taxonomy for integrated vehicular
computing," 2017 International Conference on Computing Networking and
Informatics (ICCNI), Lagos, 2017, pp. 1-9.
■ The research and design of intellectual parking system based on
RFID
S. Du and S. Sun, "The research and design of intellectual parking system
based on RFID," 2012 9th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and
Knowledge Discovery, Sichuan, 2012, pp. 2427-2430.
CONTINUE
■ Smart parking system using RFID and GSM technology
L. Kumar, M. H. Khan and M. S. Umar, "Smart parking system using RFID
and GSM technology," 2017 International Conference on Multimedia, Signal
Processing and Communication Technologies (IMPACT), Aligarh, 2017, pp.
180-184.

■ RFID-Based intelligent parking management system with indoor


positioning and dynamic tracking
Y. Chang and T. K. Shih, "RFID-Based intelligent parking management
system with indoor positioning and dynamic tracking," 2017 10th
International Conference on Ubi-media Computing and Workshops (Ubi-
Media), Pattaya, 2017, pp. 1-8.
CONTINUE

■ RFID Based Smart Car Parking System


Anusooya G, Christy Jackson J, Sathyarajasekaran K,
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN
0973-4562 Volume 12, Number 17 (2017) pp. 6559-6563 ©
Research India Publications.
MAIN COMPONENTS
■ RFID Tag
■ RFID reader (EM18)
■ Microcontroller
■ Servomotor
■ Arduino Mega
PROGRESS SUMMARY:

Status
Tasks Timeline

Literature Review
Completed

Software simulation Completed


Components Completed
Report in Progress
Hardware Implementation in Progress
BLOCK DIAGRAM
RFIDv RFID
Micro
TAGS READER
Controller
MAIN
MICRO
CONTROLLER

SERVO IR Parking
MOTOR Slots

LCD
Technical Specifications
RFID READER EM-18

■ 5VDC
■ Current: 50mA Max
■ Operating Frequency: 125Khz
■ Read Distance: 10cm
■ Size of RFID reader module: 32mm(length) * 32mm(width)
* 8mm(height).
Ultrasonic Sensor
HC-SR04

■ Operating Supply: 5V
■ Measuring Distance: 2cm to 80cm
■ Measuring angle covered: <15°
■ Operating Current: <15mA
■ Operating Frequency: 40Hz
ADRUINO Mega
Microcontroller: ATmega2560
Operating voltage: 5V
Analog input pins: 16
DC current per I / O pin: 40 mA
DC current for 3.3V Pin: 50 mA
Flash Memory: 256 KB
SRAM: 8 KB
EEPROM: 4 KB
Clock Speed: 16MHz
RFID TAG
■ Dimension: RFID Tag size 50 x 50 mm or comparable
■ Thickness: 350um Max
■ Memory: Not less than 1024 bits
■ Data Processing Rate: 26Kbps Minimum
■ Frequency: 13.56MHz
Servo Motor
MG90S

Speed : 0.11sec/60º
Gear Type: Metal
Rotation/support : Dual Bearing
Rotational Range: 180º
METHODOLOGY
■ When the car is passed through the entrance the RFID Scanner scans
the tag stores the timestamp of the entry and at the exit the tag is read
again and the total time is calculated and reflected in the users
account, thus saving the hassle of human intervention and saving an
ample amount of time.

■ We have interfaced ultra sonic Sensors and an RFID Reader module


(EM-18) using an arduino. They senses the presence of a vehicle in
the parking slot and updates the database. The RFID is used for
identification and transaction.
CONTINUE…
■ When the Sensors detect any vehicles in the parking slots they
sends a signal to the arduino. According to the output from the IR
Sensor the arduino runs a particular link to update the database
that slot Is available or not.
FLOW CHART
start

Detection of vehicle

If Slot NO
Display “No slot Do not open the
available
? Available” gate

YES
Park the vehicle
and start timer A
A

Vehicle NO
Balance deduction want to
according to timer check
out ?

Is
balance
=0
YES
YES

Start buzzer

Check out the


End
vehicle
APPLICATION

■ This project can be used in Toll collection plaza on Highway.


■ It is used in multiplex theatres, market areas, hospitals,
function-halls, offices and shopping malls, for parking.
■ Commercial Vehicle Monitoring
■ Security Access Control (e.g., Airports, Govt Facilities, etc.)
■ Makes travelling more convenient, reduces travel times
especially during festive seasons when traffic tends to be heavier
than normal.
REFRENCES
■ Smart Parking Applications Using RFID Technology
(Z. Pala and N. Inanc, "Smart Parking Applications Using RFID Technology,"5-6 Sept. 2007,1st
Annual RFID Eurasia, Istanbul, IEEE)
■ RFID-based efficient method for parking slot car detection
(Maria Laura Stefanizzi, Luigi Patrono Ivan Marasovi´c"2015 23rd International Conference on
Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM), Split, 16-18 Sept. 2015, Split,
Croatia IEEE)

■ RFID Based Smart Car Parking System


Anusooya G, Christy Jackson J, Sathyarajasekaran K,
(Assistant Professor, School of Computing Science and Engineering, VIT University, Chennai
Campus, Vandalur – Kelambakkam Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India )

■ Automated Vehicle Parking System using RFID


S. C. Hanche, Pooja Munot, Pranali Bagal, Kirti Sonawane & Pooja Pise (Sinhgad Institute of
Technology and Science, Narhe, Pune 41, University of Pune )
QUESTION