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BEARINGS
ARAVIND.C.R
S5 MECHANICAL
ROLL NO. 15
REG NO. 16020518
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CONTENTS
• Introduction
• Terminolgy of bearing
• Function of bearings
• Mounting of bearings
• Dismounting of bearings
• Classification of bearings
• Air bearing
• Factors affecting the life of bearing
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INTRODUCTION

• A bearing is a machine element which supports another moving


machine element (known as journal or shaft). It permiys relative
motion between the contact surfaces of the members ,while carrying
the load
• A littleloss of energy will occur due to the relative motion between
contact surfaces , small amount of power is wasted in overcoming
frictional resistance ,wear and heat generated .
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TERMINOLOGY

Bearings raceway rolling Cage lubricant


Seal
elements
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FUNCTION OF BEARING
• A bearing permits relative motion between two machine members
while minimizing Frictional resistance.

• A bearing consists of an inner and outer member separated


either by a thin film of Lubricant or a rolling element.

• A bearing bears the load.

• It locates the moving parts in correct position.

• It provides free motion to the moving part by reducing friction.


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MOUNTING AND DISMOUNTING OF BEARINGS
Depending on the bearing type, and size, mechanical, thermal and
hydraulic methods are used for mounting.
1. Cold MountingMethod. 2. Hot Mounting Method

If the bearings are to be used again for removal, the force used to dismount
them must never be applied through the rolling elements.
• To dismount bearings having different types of fits uses the following
types of dismounting are used
1. Cold dismounting. 2. Hot dismounting.
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COLD MOUNTING
• If the fit is not too tight, small bearings is be
driven into position by applying light hammer
blows to a sleeve placed against the bearing
ring face.

• The blows should be evenly distributed around


the ring to prevent the bearing from tilting or
skewing.

• The use of the mounting dolly instead of a sleeve


allows the mounting force to be applied
centrally.
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HOT MOUNTING
• It is generally not possible to mount larger bearing in
the cold state, as the force required to mount a
bearing increases very considerably with increasing
bearing size .

• The inner rings or the housings are there fore heated


prior to mounting

• Bearing is heated to a temperature about 110-125c


as otherwise dimensional changes caused by
alterations in the structure of the bearing material may
occur.


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COLD DISMOUNTING

• Small bearing maybe removed from


their settings by applying light
hammer blows via a suitable drift to
the ring face, or preferably by
using a puller

• The claws of the puller is placed


around the side face of the ring to
be removed or an adjacent
component.
HOT DISMOUNTING 9

• Special induction heaters have been developed to


dismount the inner ring of cylindrical roller
bearing having no flanges or only one flange.

• They heat the inner ring rapidly without heating


the shaft to any degree, so that the expanded
ring can easily be removed.
CLASIFICATION OF BEARING 10

Bearing are classified depending upon the load acting


1. Radial load
2. Axial load
3. Combined load
Bearing are also classified depending upon the type of contact.
1. Sliding contact bearing
- journal bearing
- plane bearing
2. Antifriction bearing
- Ball bearing
- roller bearing
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DIRECTION OF LOAD

Radial load :-
• The load which comes perpendicular on the shaft
called radial load.
• Cylindrical roller bearing, needle roller bearing,
and toroidal roller bearing can only support pure
Radial loads.
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RADIAL BEARING TYPES

Deep Groove Angular Contact Self Aligning

Full Complement
Needle Roller Tapered Roller
Cylindrical Roller Cylindrical Roller
DIRECTION OF LOAD 13

Axial load :-
• The load which comes axis on the shaft called
Axial load.

• Thrust ball bearing and four point contact ball


bearing are suitable for light or moderate
loads that are purely axial.
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AXIAL OR THRUST BEARING TYPES

Thrust Ball Bearing


Thrust Ball Bearing Angular Contact
Single Direction
Double Direction

Cylindrical Roller
Needle Roller Tapered Roller
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DIRECTION OF LOAD

Combined load :-
• A combined load comprises a radial and
an axial load acting simultaneously

• For combined loads, single and double


row angular contact ball bearing, and
single row taper roller bearing are most
commonly used, although deep groove
ball bearing and spherical roller bearing
are suitable.
SLIDING CONTACT BEARING 16

• A journal bearing is a simple bearing in which a shaft,


or "journal", rotates in the bearing with a layer of oil
or grease separating the two parts through fluid
dynamic effects

• Plain bearings (journal bearings) are used to


constrain, guide or reduce friction in rotary or
linear applications.
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ANTIFRICTION BEARING
• Ball Bearing, which is the most common of all the
types. A sphere is used in between two races
which results in a very less contact area making it
move very smoothly. Used in applications where
there is a relatively small radial or thrust load.

• Roller bearings are used in rotary applications to


replace sliding movement with low friction, rolling
motion. The principal types of roller bearings are
cylindrical, spherical, and tapered. In general, roller
bearings offer higher load capacities than ball
bearings of the same size
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AIR BEARING-

• An air bearing use a thin film of pressurised


gas to provide a low friction load-
bearing.
• It uses pressurized air as lubricant
• The air bearing avoid the factors that
affecting the conventional bearing resulted
in friction ,wear,particulates and lunbricant
handling
• The hower craft is an example of air
bearing which uses pressurised air to lift
above from land
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BEARING FAILURE

• Contamination
• Wear
• Misalignment
• Corrosion
• Cage Failure
• Lubrication
• Seal
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CONCLUSION

Therefore bearings are used in a lot of different mechanical


devices and are very important to make different
applications durable, noiseless and efficient.

THANK YOU
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