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Active Learning Assignment

Semester : 8th
Branch : Electronics & Communication Engineering
Subject : “PROJECT-II (2181108)”
Topic : “An Arduino Based Tourniquet Machine For Clinical
Purpose”
Prepared by : Dhaval Zalavadiya(140120111022)
Kundan Kumar Jha(150123111005)

Guided by : Prof. Chintan Patel


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Contents
• Introduction
• 7th sem
• 8th sem
• Block Diagram
• Arduino Mega
• Pressure Sensor
• Solenoid
• Air Pump
• Heart Beat Sensor
• Component Description Report
• References

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Introduction
• A Tourniquet can be defined as a compressing device used to control venous and
blood circulation to the upper or lower extremity for a period of time.
• Pressure is applied circumstantially upon the skin and underlying tissues of a
limb.
• This pressure is transferred to the walls of vessels, causing them to become
temporarily occluded.
• In Surgical settings, the purpose of a Tourniquet is to enough pressure on the
arterial blood flow in a limb following extermination to produce a relatively
bloodless operative field.

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7th SEM

• Enhance Simulation and Function Coverage


• Arduino Programming
• Debugging and Testing
• Canvas
• Report

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8th SEM

• Component Description
• Component Testing
• Hardware Connection
• Hardware Testing
• Final Report
• Final Hardware Implantation

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8th SEM

• Component Description
• Component Testing
• Hardware Connection
• Hardware Testing
• Final Report
• Final Hardware Implantation

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Block diagram
POWER SUPPLY

Pressure
sensor ARDUINO

Solenoid Belt
Arduino
Heartbeat
Sensor

Air Pump

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Arduino Mega

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Arduino Mega
Microcontroller ATmega2560
Operating Voltage 5V
Input Voltage(recommended) 7-12V
Input Voltage(Limit) 6-20V
Digital I/O pins 54(of which 14 provided PWM output)
Analog Input Pins 16
DC current per I/O pins 40mA
DC current for 3.3V pin 50mA
Flash memory 256KB of which 8KB used for Bootloader
SRAM 8KB
EEPROM 4KB
Clock Speed 16MHz
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Pressure Sensor
• A pressure sensor is a device which senses pressure and converts it
into an analog electric signal whose magnitude depends upon the
pressure applied.
• Since they convert pressure into an electrical signal, they are also
termed as pressure transducers.

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Pressure Sensor
Pressure Sensor Specification
• Measuring medium: air
• Measuring range: 0-40kPa
• Operating temperature range: -40 ℃ ~ + 125 ℃
• Storage Temperature: -40 ℃ ~ + 150 ℃
• Humidity: (50% ± 10%) RH
• Ambient temperature: (25 ± 1) ℃
• Medium temperature: (25 ± 1) ℃
• Output impedance: 4kΩ ~ 6kΩ
• Zero output: -15mV~+15mV
• Hysteresis: +-0.7%F.S.
• Power supply: ≤10V DC or ≤2.0mA DC
• Insulation resistance: 100MΩ, 100VDC
Solenoid
• The solenoids are simple electrical components and it has a vast
impact on daily life. The term itself is derived from the Greek name
“solen”, which illustrates a channel or a pipe.
• The second part of the name is taken from the Greek name “eidos”,
which refers to an outline.
• Basically, it is a component in the form of a pipe.

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Solenoid
Solenoid Specification
• Voltage : 24 Volt DC
• Current : 20 WA
• Operation : Normally Closed
• Temperature : 0~50 C
Air Pump
Airpump Specification
• Voltage: 12 Volt DC
• Current: 300 mA
• Airflow: 2L / min
• Pressure: 350mm Hg
• Connection: ~ 3/16" air port
• Overall Dimensions: 2-3/4" (L) x 1-1/16" (Diameter) (without bracket) x 1-3/32"
(H) (Note:1-7/16" (W) with bracket)
Heart Beat Sensor
• A person’s heartbeat is the sound of the valves in his/her’s heart
contracting or expanding as they force blood from one region to
another.
• The number of times the heart beats per minute (BPM), is the heart
beat rate and the beat of the heart that can be felt in any artery that
lies close to the skin is the pulse.

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Heart Beat Sensor
Heart Beat Specification
• Operating Voltage : +5V DC
• Regulated Operating Current : 100 mA
• Output Data Level : 5V
• Heart Beat detection : Indicated by LED and Output High Pulse
• Light source : 660nm Super Red LED
Component Description Report
Date Arduino Pressure Solenoid Air Pump Lcd Display Heartbeat
sensor Sensor

1 to 8 Jan
9 to 15 Jan
16 to 22 Jan
23 to 31 Jan
1 to 8 Fed
9 to 16 Fed
17 to 23 Fed

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References
• https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/jsp-999-clinical-guidelines-for-operation
• Bellamy RF. "Combat trauma overview". In: Zajtchuk R, Grande CM, eds. (2005) Textbook of
military medicine part IV: surgical combat casualty care. Office of the Surgeon General, US Army
• Lakstein D, Blumenfield A, Sokolov T, et al. (2003) "Tourniquets for hemorrhage control on the
battlefield: a 4 year accumulated experience." Journal of Trauma. 54(5 Suppl):S221
• http://imgpublic.mci-group.com/ie/ICEM2012/Peter_Taillac.pdf
• Mohan, A; Baskaradas, A; Solan, M; Magnussen, P (March 2011). "Pain and paraesthesia
produced by silicone ring and pneumatic tourniquets". J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 36 (3): 215–
8. doi:10.1177/1753193410390845.

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!!!Thank You!!!

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