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A BIRD’S VIEW

ON
FACT FILE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

CAPITAL :- BEIJING (formerly PEKING).

OTHER CITIES : - SHANGHAI, CANTON, SHENZHEN & GUANGZHOU.

OTHER TERRITORIES : - HONG KONG (1997) & MACAO (1999).

AREA :- 95,61,000 sq. km.

POPULATION :- 132,18,51,888. LIFE EXPECTANCY :- 72.88 YEARS.

LITERACY :- 90.9 %.

LANGUAGES :- CHINESE (MANDARIN & PUTONGHUA).

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) RANK :- 81 OUT OF 177.

GOVERNMENT TYPE :- COMMUNIST STATE.

HEADS OF GOVERNMENT :-
PRESIDENT :- HU JINTAO. & PRIME MINISTER :- WEN JIABAO.
HISTORY & POLITY
5,000 YEARS OLD CIVILISATION.

IN 221 BC UNIFICATION OF CHINA DONE BY QIN OR CH’IN DYNASTY.

IN 1912 QIN DYNASTY WAS REPLACED BY A REPUBLIC.

IN 1949 COMMUNIST GOVT. FORMED & DECLARED AS PEOPLE’S


REPUBLIC.

MAO-ZE-DONG WAS THE FIRST PRESIDENT.

NATIONAL DAY :- 1ST OCTOBER, 1949.

OFFICIAL COUNTRY SYMBOL :- DRAGON.

PERMANENT MEMBER OF THE UNO SECURITY COUNCIL.

A NUCLEAR EMPOWERED COUNTRY.


ECONOMY
ECONOMY :- LIBERAL COMMUNIST.

SECOND LARGEST ECONOMY IN THE WORLD AFTER USA.

CURRENCY :- RENMINBI (RMB) or YUAN (CNY) $ 1 = 7.61 YUAN.

CENTRAL BANK :- PEOPLE’S BANK OF CHINA.

GDP PER CAPITA INCOME (PPP) :- $ 5,896.

GDP GROWTH RATE :- 11.4 %.

POPULATION BELOW POVERTY LINE :- 10 %.

LABOUR FORCE :- 795.3 million.

EMPLOYMENT :- AGRICULTURE – 45 %, INDUSTRY – 24 %


& SERVICE – 31 % OF THE WORKING POPULATION.

UNEMPLOYED :- 4.3 %.

BASICALY AGRICULTURE BASED ECONOMY. Contd.


PRINCIPLE INDUSTRIES :- COTTON, WOOLLEN MILLS, LEATHER,
IRON-ORE, STEEL, FOOTWEAR, TOYS, & ELECTRONICS.

NATURAL RESOURCES :- COAL, COPPER, GOLD, IRON-ORE, LEAD, ZINC,


MANGANESE, PETROLEUM, URANIUM, etc.

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH RATE :- 22.9 %.

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (Inflows) :- 3.1 % of GDP.

EXPORTS (2007) :- $ 1,216.1 billion.

IMPORTS (2007) :- $ 953.9 billion.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVE (2007) :- $ 1.474 trillion.

TAXATION :- TAX REFORM DONE IN 1990.

GOVT. SECTORS :- DEFENCE PRODUCTS, AGRICULTURE, RAILWAYS,


ENERGY, TEXTILES, COMMUNICATIONS, EDUCATIONS, etc.

IN 1978 CHINA REFORMED ITS ECONOMIC POLICY FROM SOVIET STYLE


TO MORE MARKET ORIENTED ONE.
HERITAGE & CULTURE
• GREAT WALL OF CHINA IS ONE OF THE SEVEN WONDERS OF WORLD.

• IT IS THE MOST POPULOUS COUNTRY OF THE WORLD.

• IT IS THE THIRD BIGGEST COUNTRY IN TERMS OF AREA.

• SOUTH CHINA SEA IS THE LARGEST SEA WITH AN AREA 0F


29,74,600 sq. km.

• MANDARIN IS THE HIGHEST SPEAKING LANGUAGE WITH


873 million SPEAKERS IN THE WORLD.

• INVENTIONS & DISCOVERIES :-


SILK – 50 BC PAPER - 105 AD
CLOCK – 1725 PORCELAIN - 1851

• RELIGIONS :- OFFICIALLY ATHEIST, BUDDHIST, TAOISM, ISLAM,


CHIRSTIANITY.

• GOVT. IS FOLLOWING ONE-CHILD POLICY TO BALANCE POPULATION


RECENT EVENTS

TIBET :- CLASH WITH THE BUDDHIST MONKS

WHO WANT TO SEPARATE TIBET FROM CHINA.

29TH OLYMPIC GAMES CONCLUDED IN BEIJING.

ECONOMIC PACT WITH EIGHT AFRICAN NATIONS.


THANK YOU