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TREES COMMON NAME BOTANICAL USES CANOPY ROOT

HEIGHT
NAME SPREAD SPREAD
It can be used as an Ingredient to
COCONUT TREE Cocos make craft work. It is also susceptible to upto 0.5m
nucifera 3m-5m 25m-30m
lethal yellowing disease. deep

This drought-tolerant tree is grown to


prevent soil erosion & in soil conservation 15m-18m Can go
Azadirachta 15m-18m
NEEM TREE & improvement. In landscape, the tree is More than
indica
used in hot & dry climates where it can 6m Deep.
withstand drought &heat.

It is suitable for streetscape planting,


10m-15m
parks and gardens for its edible fruits. 1.2m – 3m 15m-20m
TAMRIND TREE Tamarindus Other use of the pulp include traditional Deep.
indica medicine and metal polish.

It is drought resistant & is also used


Peltophorum for fodder. It is planted for beauty & also 6m-10m 15m-30m
YELLOW FLAME TREE -----
pterocarpum as a shade tree. It is a good roadside tree
as it sends its roots deep and does not
disturb pavements. contains nitrogen
fixing bacteria, so it can tolerate poor soil.

ASHOKA TREE Polyalthia It is an ornamental tree. ----- 10m-12m


4m-6m
longifolia

The tree can provide humans shelter as


BANYAN TREE Ficus benghalensis well as many different health-related Can go Upto 30m
upto 15 m More than
benefits like antioxidants from its bark.
6m Deep.

GULMOHAR TREE Delonix regia It is an ornamental tree. 1.5m Deep.


10m-15m 5m-12m

teakwood is used for shipbuilding,furniture,


door and window frames, wharves, bridges,
cooling-tower louvres, flooring, paneling, 1.5m-2m 0.5m Deep.
TEAK TREE Tectona grandis Upto 18m
railway cars, and venetian blinds. An
important property of teak is its extremely
good dimensional stability. It is strong, of
medium weight, and of average hardness.
TREES COMMON NAME BOTANICAL USES CANOPY ROOT
HEIGHT
NAME SPREAD SPREAD
It provides timber, fuelwood, fodder, &
ROSEWOOD TREE has medicinal value. It -----
Dalbergia latifolia Upto 15m-25m
is used extensively as an Over 15m
ornamental tree as well as for shading,
erosion control, and soil fertility

NALLAMADDI TREE Terminalia tomentosa It has medicinal values Over 10m Upto 30m
-----

It is used for small luxury items and as a


SATIN TREE Chloroxylon sweitenia veneer in wooden furniture. The wood
Over 8m Upto 15m-20m
is also used as fuelwood. -----

BIJASAL TREE It has medicinal values


Pterocarpus marsuplum About 3m-5m
----- Upto 33m

The tree is the source of Indian gum,


TIRMAN TREE Anogiessus latifolia also known as ghatti gum, which is used
for calico printing among other uses. 15m-20m ----- Upto 18m-20m
The leaves produces the tassar silk a
form of wild silk of commercial
importance.

Its uses include environmental


SIRIS TREE Albizza lehbak management, medicine and wood -----
7.5m-10.5m
Upto 18m-30m

large parking lot islands (> 200 square


feet in size); wide tree lawns (>6 feet 4.5m-6m
AMALTAS TREE ----- Upto 10m-15m
Cassia fistula wide); shade tree; specimen; residential
street tree

Lagerstroemia parviflora is a valuable


tree species for its timber. The wood is 15m-20m
CHANANGI TREE Lagerstroemia Upto 15m
very hard and durable. Usually it is used
parviflora for general carpentry like house posts, -----
beams, rafters, door, window frame,
carts and agricultural implement.
COMMON NAME BOTANICAL USES CANOPY ROOT HEIGHT
TREES
NAME SPREAD SPREAD
It is suitable for re-forestation on poorer soils.
Boswellia serrata its ability to withstand the adverse effects
ANDUK TREE 9m-15m
of forest fires, its immunity to being browsed 3m-5m -----
or lopped for fodder, its power of resisting
the effects of insolation and drought, and
its capacity for reproduction by seed,
coppice and root suckers are great assets.
ERMADDI TREE Terminalia arjuna It is cultivated as a landscape tree for its
attractive form, as well as for the shade it gives. Over 15m
It is tolerant to saline and waterlogged soils ----- Upto 30m
which make it a good candidate for seaside
plantings & for coastal land rehabilitation.

EBONY TREE Diospyros It has medicinal values Upto 25m


melanoxylon ----- -----

Bassia latifolia It has medicinal values More than


MOHWA TREE 16m-20m
12m
-----

Grewia It has medicinal values. And


TADA TREE the tree is harvested from the wild for 8m
taliaefolia
local use of its fibre, wood and edible fruit. ----- -----

Possibly best known for its use in Unto 25m


BHILAWA TREE Sernecarpus making a permanent marking ink, this
anacardium multi-purpose tree also provides food,
medicines, oil etc. It is often cultivated ----- -----
as an ornamental plant in the tropics.

HALDA TREE Terminalia chebula It has medicinal values


----- Unto 25m
-----
TREES COMMON NAME BOTANICAL USES CANOPY ROOT
HEIGHT
NAME SPREAD SPREAD

TARI TREE Terminalia belerica It is used for construction and


agricultural implements, especially in ----- ----- Upto 35m
regions where other timber is scarce or
expensive. It also has medicinal values.

SUNDRA TREE Acacia sundra Its wood is used as the raw material in
the raw industry. Its wood is used in Upto 15m
0.8m-1m -----
ship building.

It is used in constructions, furniture,


carriages, sports, musical instruments ----- ----- Upto 30m
GUMARTEK TREE Gmelina arborea and artificial limbs. Once seasoned, it is
a very steady timber and moderately
resistant to decay and ranges from very
resistant to moderately resistant to
termites.

-----
It has use as wood and oil in religious 5m-10m
SANDAL TREE Santalum album practices. It also features as a Upto 10m
construction material in temples and
elsewhere.

Seeds used as a sweetmeat, rich in oil.


CHIRONJI TREE Buchanania latifolia 6m-8m
Tha bark contain tannin and the gum ----- Upto 13m-18m
have medicinal properties, The wood is
used as firewood.

----- -----
It has medicinal values Upto 25m
SORMI TREE Soymida febrifuga

Seeds and leaves have effective


vermicidal and insecticidal properties
Annona squamosa ----- ----- 6m-8m
CUSTARD-APPLE along with medicinal properties. The
tree is also a very good source of
firewood.
CROPS COMMON NAME BOTANICAL USES CANOPY ROOT
HEIGHT
NAME SPREAD SPREAD

GREEN GRAM It controls soil erosion due to its


Vigna radiata deep root system. 0.3m-0.4m 0.6m-0.8m 0.45m-1.2m
Deep.

BLACK GRAM It controls soil erosion and compete 0.3m-0.6m 0.3-0.5m 0.3m-1m
Vigna mungo with weeds effectively due to its
deep root system and foliage
cover.

It is drought resistant species, 0.6m-0.9m About 0.9m


SESAMUM Sesamu indicum 0.5m-1m
since the roots penetrate deep & Deep.
find moisture. It has medicinal
values.

It is used in Commercial About 2m-4m upto 4m-6m


SUGARCANE Saccharum 1.5m-2.5m deep.
production of sugar and plus
officinarum
biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel).

The major use of cotton today is in the


COTTON Gossypium textile industry. The cotton seeds can
be used to extract oil for use in the About 0.9m 1-1.5m
20-100cm deep
production of shortening or cooking
oil & the manufacture of soaps &
lubricants.

More than 0.9m


Glycine max The beans are an excellent source of deep & 0.6m-1.8m
SOYABEAN 0.6m-0.9m
oil and protein. Spreads around
0.2m-0.5m