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EFFECT OF WATERLOGGING ON

PLANTS
PRESENTED BY: Aizel Porsona
Irish Castillion
Lemuel Refugio
WHAT IS WATERLOGGING?

Occurs whenever the soil is so wet that there is insufficient oxygen in


the pore space for plant roots to be able to adequately respire. Other
Waterlogging gases detrimental to root growth, such as carbon dioxide and ethylene,
also accumulate in the root zone and affect the plants.
WHAT IS WATERLOGGING?
• Lack of oxygen in the root zone of plants causes their
root tissues to decompose.
• Usually this occurs from the tips of roots, and this
causes roots to appear as if they have been pruned.
• Further waterlogging-induced root pruning and dry
conditions may weaken the plant to the extent that it
will be very poorly productive and may eventually die.
• Waterlogging occurs when the soil profile or the root
zone of a plant becomes saturated. In rain-fed
situations, this happens when more rain falls than the
soil can absorb or the atmosphere can evaporate.
CAUSES OF WATERLOGGING
Seepage of water from canal system
→40-50% of water is lost from the main canal and seeps through the soil and rise the ground water.
Poor surface runoff and slow drainage
→Accumulation of water on soil surface

Interruption of water runoff


→accumulation of water during rainy season through seepage

Rainfall
→After a heavy rainfall, rain water precolates between down the pores between soil particles under
the action of gravity.
CAUSES OF WATERLOGGING
flood
→flood water spread in the surface of the soil and due to poor water drainage the water will precolates
in soil causing waterlogging.

Poor water management


→Sometimes farmers use their land un scientifically
EFFECT OF WATERLOGGING ON PLANT
GROWTH
• Oxygen deficiency and reduce plant growth
• Transport of gasses are reduced disturbing normal growth
• Limited exchange of gasses increase amount of CO2 which affect transpiration and water
absorption.
• In absence of oxygen the, microbes produce toxic substances such as methane and
effects the growth of plants.
• In waterlogged soil major form of nitrogen is ammonia which is toxic to crops.
• Under waterlogged condition the concentration of phosphorous, iron, manganese and
silicon increase and zinc decreases. The increase of ferrous ion concentration is toxic to
many crops.
WATERLOGGING SOLUTION
• Seepage interceptor
→ Seepage interceptor drains may be constructed parallel to collect
seepage water
• Surface drain
→Surface drain also constructed to collect seepage water, and prove to be
more effective as compare to seepage interceptor.
WATERLOGGING SOLUTION

• Lining of canals
→The canal beds are lined with two layers of tiles place above one another
and joined together with cement-sand plaster
• Pumping of ground water
→Pumping out ground water by tube wells is effective to lower water
level.
SUMMARY
• Waterlogging occurs when roots cannot respire due to excess water in the soil profile.
• Waterlogging decreases the supply of oxygen and other gasses which are essential for
plant growth.
• Improving drainage from the inundated paddock can decrease the period at which the
crop roots are subjected to anaerobic conditions.
• Waterlogged soils release increased amounts of nitrous oxide (N2O), and particularly
damaging greenhouse gas.
CONCLUSION
• Waterlogging decreases oxygen supply which affect the growth and
development of the plant. Our waste and wrong practices contribute to
this condition. As consumer we should also learn how to protect and take
good care of our natural resources cause the moment we over use it. It
will cause bigger problem.