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Thinking about thinking… 1

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Thinking about thinking… 1
Define critical thinking.
Differentiate critical to non-critical thinking.
Answer critically the given questions from a
text.
Apply the principles of critical thinking in
various situations.

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Critical vs. Non-critical Thinking

Characteristics of Critical Thinkers

Levels of Thinking

Importance of Critical Thinking


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Definition
What is
Critical thinking involves
Critical
Thinking a series of complex
? thought processes which
allows you to make
reasoned judgments.
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This happens
when you simply
accept the things
you are told
without
examining them.
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CHARACTERISTICS
OF CRITICAL
THINKERS
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Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
 Are honest with  Pretend they know
themselves, more than they do,
acknowledging what they ignore their limitations,
don’t know, recognizing and assume their views
their limitations, and are error-free
being watchful of their
own errors
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
Regard problems Regard problems
and controversial and controversial
issues as nuisances
issues as exciting or threats to their
challenges ego
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
 Strive for understanding,  Are impatient with
keep curiosity alive, complexity and thus
remain patient with would rather remain
complexity, and are ready confused than make
to invest time to overcome the effort to understand
confusion
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
 Base judgments on evidence  Base judgments on first
rather than personal impressions and gut reactions;
preferences, deferring they are unconcerned about
judgment whenever evidence the amount or quality of
is insufficient; they revise evidence and cling to their
judgments when new evidence views steadfastly
reveals error
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
 Are interested in other  Are preoccupied with themselves
people’s ideas and so are and their own opinions and are so
unwilling to pay attention to
willing to read and listen others’ views. At the first sign of
attentively, even when they disagreement, they tend to think,
tend to disagree with the “How can I refute this?”
other person
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
 Recognize that extreme  Ignore the need for
views (whether balance and give
“conservative” or preference to views
“liberal”) are seldom that support their
correct, so they avoid
them, practice established views
fairmindedness, and
seek a balanced view
Critical Thinkers Uncritical Thinkers
Practice restraint, Tend to follow
controlling their their feelings and
feelings rather than act impulsively
being controlled by
them, and thinking
before acting
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Creating

Evaluating

Analyzing

Applying

Understanding

Remembering
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REMEMBERING
- Requires you to recall
information you just read.
- Involves retrieval, recognition
and recall of information
- Asks you to define, memorize,
or state information.
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UNDERSTANDING
- Drawing of interpretation
- Construction of meaning
- Asks you to discuss
describe, paraphrase or
explain
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APPLYING
- Using learning to a situation
- Implementation of
knowledge on various
situation
- Asks you to demonstrate,
solve or use information.
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ANALYZING
- Examining the causes and
making inferences
- Breaking down ideas and
relating them to one another
- Asks you to compare,
integrate, and structure
information
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EVALUATING
- Weighing the pros and cons
- Making judgments based on
value and validity of ideas
and events
- Asks you to judge and test
ideas based on certain rules
and standards
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CREATING
- Combining parts to form a
whole
- Asks questions which aim to
produce, design or
construct new information

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How would you illustrate the highlights of the
Creating
events through a four-panel comic strip?

Evaluating
Is the reaction of the authorities justified?

What inference can you make regarding their treatment of the


Analyzing case?

If you were Pia, how would you approach the incident of seeing one
Applying of the children?

Understanding
What can you say about the situation of the child?

Remembering What did Pia do during the summer?


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• Read the following
excerpts.
• Answer the
questions that
follow.
• Identify the level
of thinking the
following
questions require.
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Quiz 1

Ms. Marycon Pascual 30


Part 1: Write C if the statement reflects Critical thinking and N if it
shows Non-critical
1. Carmina asks for clarification on some of the contradictions
mentioned by the speaker. ( C )
2. Kendra disregards information which contradicts her belief ( N )
3. Kino lets himself be guided by anger when he faces his problems.
( N)
4. Kent tries to identify the fallacies used by the authors in their
editorial. (C )
5. Ariel accepts arguments without supporting information.
Ms. Marycon Pascual 31
Next topic: fundamental reading skills