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Educational planning is the process of preparing for your

post-secondary education. Effective educational


planning enables you to make a smooth transition from
high school or military service to college or further
technical education. A good educational plan will
provide you and your family with a map of your future
education and career goals.
The process of making arrangements or preparations to
facilitate the training, instruction or study that leads to
the acquisition of skills or knowledge, or the
development of reasoning and judgment.
Educational planning implies the taking of decisions for
future action with a view of Achieving Predetermined
Objectives through the optimum use of scarce
resources.
There are three main elements in this definition:
(1) PREDETERMINED OBJECTIVES
(2) USE OF SCARCE RESOURCES
(3) TAKING DECISIONS
TYPES OF EDUCATIONAL
PLANNING
The determination of the horizon or duration of an
education plan is a must for planners conformably,
EDUCATION IN THE WIDEST SENSE AS CONCIEVED FOR
PURPOSES OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, IS A
SOCIAL ACTIVITY WHOSE RESULTS BECOME
MEASURABLE ONLY AFTER A CONSIDERABLE TIME
SPAN.
A plan may be classified according to time horizon/
duration as follows:
1. LONG-TERM OR PERSPECTIVE PLAN- extends from 10
to 20 or even 25 years. Educational planning has to be
based on a concept of the future. The planners should
envision the kind of society; the kind of political,
intellectual and social leadership.
2. MEDIUM-TERM PLAN-usually 4-5years, is prepared against
the back drop of a long-term perspective plan. It has
proven operationally t o be most efficient.
It defines the goals and targets with greater
clarity and provides a definite basis of action.
3. SHORT-TERM PLAN needs to be adopted only as an
inevitable alternative to medium- term planning and
on an emergency basis. The introduction of "rolling
plan´ has eliminated the need for short term plan.
4. SINGLE-PURPOSE PLAN is an administrative operation,
which is usually adopted when particular objectives like
implementing a reform measure, building an institution or
piloting legislation is to be achieved.
TYPES OF PLANNING
ACCORDING TO FUNCTIONS
1. PHYSICAL AND ECONOMIC
a. Physical Planning-is the planning of an areas
physical structure land use, communicating, utilities
and has its origins in the regulations and control of
town development,
b. Economic Planning -is concerned more with
economic structure of an area and its overall level of
propriety.
2. ALLOCATIVE PLANNING
is concern with coordination, there solution of conflicts
-
ensuring that the existing system is ticking
over efficiency through time in accordance
with involving policies.
3. MULTI AND SINGLE OBJECTIVE PLANNING – whatever is type
or form, planning has goals and objectives.
• GOAL is an ideal and should be expressed in
abstract terms; while an objective is capable of
both attainment and measurement.
• OBJECTIVE should be measurable, result
oriented, specific, realistic, attain table,
and time bounded
4. INDICATIVE AND IMPERATIVE PLANNING
a. Indicative Planning - merely lays down general
guidelines and is advisory in nature.
b. Imperative Planning- involves specific
directives.
NATURE OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
-is an instrument for providing the needed
coordination and direction of the different
components of an educational system. it also ensures
that widely accepted long term goals, such as
universal primary education, are approached more
objectively. It provides a realistic appraisal of the
country’s resources (human, on-human and
institutional) which is an important factor in the
successful implementation of the plan.
Through educational planning, a country indicates
its willingness to effect an orderly change or reform
in its educational system by bringing into focus the
short comings or needs that hit her to had been
ignored or unknown and so that appropriate action
be affected. Overall educational planning, either
as a part of the national development plan or as
an independent plan is characterized by
• (a) an attempt to bring a balanced development
of all sectors of the educational system.
(b) the correlation of the educational effort with
the national policy for economic and social
development

(c) an effort to coordinate the quantitative


expansion necessitated by demographic factors
and social demand with the quantitative
improvement in content, structure, and methods
(d) the determination to ensure that the
investment in education brings good dividends
in the form fulfillment of manpower needs, the
over all development of individual and the
national economic, social and cultural
development.
CONCLUSION:
Thank you for listening.
God bless!!!

Prepared by:
MARJOERIE GIL O. CAIBIGAN