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Kids in

THE CITY
Introduction
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What is Social Work?
Social work is the profession which is concerned
with man’s adjustment to his environment; a
person (or groups) in relation to a person’s (or
their) social situation. (Mendoza, 2008)
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In social work, the person’s environment is
composed of three levels: micro, mezzo, and macro.
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The Problem
In 2015, 31.4 percent of children belong to poor
families. Hence, there is really a need to look after
their survival and living conditions, health and
education as their rights, welfare and development
are at the core of the country’s social development
goals.
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Street children are usually exposed to risks due to
the undesirable things in their physical environment.
This includes but not limited to health hazards,
pollution, and the like. Because of these risks,
formulating a good program for street children is
crucial.
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According to the World Health Organization, 1.7
million children under the age of five die every year
due to environmental risks such as indoor and
outdoor air pollution, second-hand smoke, unsafe
water, and inadequate hygiene.
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Children with disadvantaged or marginalized
backgrounds are more at risk than those with
good financial backgrounds.
Sports science
What is it?
The study of human movement and
improvement in a science-oriented manner
Sports science

Solution
Training Program applicable for their age and
environmental conditions
Sports science
Training Program
1. Cardiovascular endurance
Goals:
 KEEP UP WITH THEIR ACTIVITIES
2. interval training
 INCREASE LUNG CAPACITY
(FOR SMOKE)
 REDUCE SHORTNESS OF BREATH
Sports science
Main Source of Energy
Sports science
Cellular Respiration
Sports science
Cardiovascular Endurance
Circuit training:
• Alternate between several exercises with rest in
between
Sports science
Cardiovascular Endurance
Circuit training: SPECIFIC WORKOUT
Jumping jacks – 30 seconds
Rest – 30 seconds
Push-ups – 30 seconds
Rest – 30 seconds
Run – 30 seconds
Rest – 30 seconds
Sports science
Cardiovascular Endurance
Aerobic Glycolysis
*occurs with O2

1. Glucose -> Pyruvate


(+ NADH + 2 ATP)
2. In the presence of O2,
+30 mol ATP
Total: 32 mol ATP
Sports science
Interval Training
high intensity workouts with short
rest intervals
Rest Intervals: 2-6 minutes

*2 minutes is the time ATP is


replenished
*active or passive rest, but better if
active
Sports science
Interval Training
Fartlek
All out sprint – 20 seconds
Jog – 2 minutes
repeat
Sports science
Interval Training
Anaerobic Glycolysis
*occurs without O2

1. Glucose ->
pyruvic acid and
lactic acid

Total: 2 atp
Sports science
Interval Training
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Is lactate
good or bad?
Sports science
Cellular Respiration
Physical education
• In order to have a healthy individual, exercise and healthy diet is
needed
• Philippines is 9th in the world for having the most stunted
children
• 1 in 2 Filipinos are stunted
• Stunting is caused by constant undernutrition
• The most common nutrient deficiencies are of Vitamins A, C, D,
and B Complex
Physical education


foundation)
Mingo
One solution being implemented right now is the Mingo (from nvc

An instant complementary food made of rice, munggo, and malungay.


• One serving of mingo contains Vitamins and minerals: Vitamins A, C, B1
B6, potassium, iron, calcium, and zinc
education
What is it?
It is the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction. It
brings a natural and lasting change in an individual’s reasoning
and ability to achieve the targeted goal. It facilitates us to
investigate our own considerations and thoughts and makes it
ready to express it in various shapes.
education
Types of education
education
Education for Street Children
The right to a quality education is just one of the rights that street
children are denied. Yet education is the most effective way to
enable street children to reintegrate into society.
UNESCO works to develop basic education for street children
while also trying to prevent children in difficulties from ending up
on the streets.
education
Education for Street Children
It aims to:
• Raise public awareness about street children and of the right to
education for all
• Provide technical support for organisations and institutions so they can
meet the basic needs of these children
• Strengthen partnerships between the public and private sectors at
national and international levels to ensure that action is sustained and
effective
education
Teaching Methods
1. Group discussion:
during group discussions, the street children do more
talking than the educator. The method provides an
opportunity for everybody to participate during the
teaching session.
education
Teaching
2. Demonstration:
Methods
a demonstration is a practical skill presented by
the educator. Demonstrations are successful if
they are followed by practice sessions for the
street children.
education
Teaching Methods
3. Field visit:
this method enables the street children to experience
real situations. To be effective, the choice of the place
to be visited should be relevant to the subject you are
teaching or what the street children
want to learn.
education
4. Games: Teaching Methods
many educational games are available which could be used to teach
street children. The critical part of an educational game is the ‘learning
questions’ that come after the active part of the game. These questions
are intended to help the street children in analyzing what they have
done and in drawing important conclusions. It is important that the
games used are culturally appropriate and acceptable in your
community.
education
• Effects of Environment
The lack of medical care and inadequate living conditions mean they are more susceptible to
chronic illnesses. They may also be at greater risk of sexual and other violence, exploitation, drug
use etc.
• Children’s reading abilities, cognitive development, physiological indicators, and motivational tasks
are affected by exposure to noise. The most common noises that children are exposed to are
transportation (e.g. cars, airplanes), music and other people.
• Infertility, miscarriage, and birth defects
• Malnutrition
• Pollution
• Respiratory infections
education
Teaching Methods
5. Brainstorming:
brainstorming is a fast moving activity during which
you gather as many ideas as possible from the
participants or street children. It stimulates street
children to generate ideas. The method is most useful
at the beginning of a teaching session.