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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL HERMILIO

VALDIZAN
1
ESCUELA DE POST GRADO

Maestría en Diseño y Construcción de Obras Viales

DRENAJE VIAL
Objetives
 Identify types of subsurface drainage
 Determine need for subsurface
drainage
 Recognize importance of
maintenance
 Identify surface drainage design
factors
NECESIDAD DE OBRAS DE SUBDRENAJE

 Existencia de lagunas, puquiales, canales sin


revestir en la parte alta de la vía.
 Deformaciones, hundimientos y/o asentamientos
de la plataforma vial, atribuibles a la presencia
del agua en el subsuelo.
 Existencia de cultivos con grandes demanda de
agua, como el arroz. Presencia de terrenos de
cultivos con riegos por gravedad permanentes o
riegos en secano.
 Filtraciones en taludes, presencia de vegetación
propio de suelos saturados como el junco, totora,
etc.
 Presencia de niveles freáticos en excavaciones a
cielo abierto.
 Excavaciones de la plataforma vial, en taludes
saturados, etc.
Fig. 1 Potentially Unstable Cut Slope Resulting
from uncontrolled groundwater flow
Fig. 2 Potentially Unstable Fill Slope Resulting
from the damming of the wet weather
groundwater flow
Fig. 3 Typical slope Failure
in sidehill fill ( Ayacucho –
San Francisco Roadway
Fig. 4 Action of free water in A.C. Pavement
structural section under dynamic loading
Fig. 5 Pumping Phenomena under portland
cement conccrete pavements
Fig. 6 Capillary Moisture Migrating toward
freezing front to feed the growth of ice lenses
Fig. 7 Capillary Moisture as a function of the
history of watertable position.
Fig. 8 Schematic ilustration of the occurrence
of groundwater in a gravity- flow system
Fig. 9 Points of entrance of water into highway
pavement structural sections
The most common way of
identifying subdrainage system is in
terms of their location and
geometry

a)Longitudinal drains
b)Transverse and horizontal drains
c)Drainage blankets
d)Well systems
Fig. 10 Multiple, multipurpose, longitudinal
drain installation
Fig. 11 Multiple, longitudinal drawdown drain
installation
Fig. 12 Transverse interceptor drain installation
in roadway cut with alignment perpendicular
to existing contours
Fig. 13. Applications of horizontal drainage
blankete
Fig. 14. Chart for estimating coefficient of permeability of granualr drainage
and filter materials
Pavement Drainage