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Regional Training of Teachers

for
Critical Content in Grade 8 Science

May 20 – May 31, 2018


Grade 8 Science
Force, Motion and Energy
Session 1: Balanced and Unbalanced Forces and
Newton’s First Law of Motion
Brady S. Nave-
Regional Trainer
Faculty, Davao City National High School
Davao City, Davao Region
1. A rightward force is applied to a crate to push it
across the floor at a constant speed. Ignore air
resistance.
FN Constant
Speed

Constant
FA direction

Constant
velocity

Zero

W acceleration

Balanced
Force
2. A physics book glides to the right across a
smooth table at a constant speed. Ignore air
resistance
FN Constant
Speed

Constant
direction

Constant
velocity

Zero
acceleration

W Balanced
Force
3. A rightward –moving car is skidding to a stop
across a level roadway with locked wheels. Ignore
air resistance.
FN Changing
Speed

Constant
direction

Changing
velocity

Acceleration

W Fk is Not zero

Unbalanced
Force
4. A takraw, originally kicked at 400 angle to the
horizontal , is at the peak of its trajectory. Ignore
air resistance.

W
5. The cabin of a small freight elevator is secured to
a motor by a cable and is moving upward with a
constant speed. There is no contact between the
cabin and the elevator shaft. Ignore air resistance.
Constant
FT Speed

Constant
direction
Constant
velocity

Acceleration
is Zero

W Balanced
Force
6. A softball player does a head-first dive and is
sliding to the right across the infield dirt. Ignore air
resistance.
Changing

FN Speed

Constant
direction
Changing
velocity

Acceleration
is NOT Zero
Fk Unbalanced
Force
7. A crate sliding across a rough floor while
being pulled using a rope to the right.
Along the Changing
FN X-Axis Speed

Constant
direction

FK FT
Changing
velocity

Acceleration
W Is Not Zero

Unbalanced
Force