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YOGA THERAPY TECHNIQUES - 1

 CAD & hypertension  Sleep apnea


 Ischemic heart disease  Snoring
 Peripheral arterial  Cerebrovascular disease
disease  Yoga for pain
 Management of  Headache
respiratory disorders  Epilepsy
 Asthma  Anxiety, depression, &
 Allergic rhinitis schizophrenia
 COPD  Psychological medicine
 Pulmonary tuberculosis  Cancer
 Geriatric medicine
Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran
M.D. (Pead), Ph.D. (Yoga
Science)
STRESS AND HYPERTENSION

• Imbalance at ANS –
Sympathetic
dominance.

• Increased secretion of
catecholamines due to
HPA Axis stimulation.
LIFESTYLE & HOME REMEDIES
 Eat healthy foods – DASH diet (Dietary
Approaches to Stop Hypertension)
 Maintain a healthy weight.
 No or limit alcohol
 Don't smoke
 Manage stress
 Practice slow, deep breathing
PROBLEM SEEN ONLY IN VITAL
ORGANS LIKE HEART AND BRAIN

NORMALLY VERY SLOW

STRESS FREE LIFESTYLE


HEART ATTACK AT 90TH YEAR,
MODERN LIFESTYLE
RAPID AGING - 35 - 50 YEARS
HYPERTENSION
&
CAD

ÁDHIJA
VYÁDHIS
IS EXCESSIVE SPEED
IN
MANOMAYA KOSA

• CM - DEEP REST
CALMNESS

 - MEDITATION
DIVINE MOOD - CALM - REST
PURE LOVE

SURRENDER TO DIVINE

ANGER & IRRITABILITY PARDON

TENSION AND FEAR FAITH IN DIVINE

JEALOUSY AND HATRED ACCEPTANCE

DEPRESSION CONFIDENCE
THE EXCESSIVE SPEED
PERCOLATES AS IMBALANCES
IN
THE EXCESSIVE SPEED
MANIFESTS AS HYPER REACTIVE HABIT OF
PERSISTANT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
(CONSTRICTION OF BLOOD VESSELS)
AT
DEEP REST TO MIND BODY COMPLEX

DRT IRT QRT



QRT IRT QRT DRT
CM CM
CM CM
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
HYPERTENSION
Suksma Vyayama (strengthening the joints)
 Loosening of wrists
 Shoulder rotation
 Padasancalana
 Drill walking
Breathing exercise
 Hands stretch breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Trikonasana breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Straight leg raising
 Setubandhasana breathing
 Quick relaxation technique (QRT)
Yogasanas
 Ardhakaticakrasana
 Vrksasana
 Garudasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Gomukhasana
 Bhujangasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Vibhaga pranayama
 Candra Anuloma pranayama
 Nadi suddhi
 Ujjayi pranayama
 Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Vamana Dhouti
 Kapalabhati (20-40 strokes/minute)
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
HEART DISEASES
Loosening Exercises Breathing practices
 Loosening of fingers  Hands stretch breathing
 Shoulder rotation  Ankle stretch breathing
 Drill walking  Rabbit breathing
 Instant relaxation  Straight leg raise breathing
technique (IRT) (alternating)
 Side bending, each
 Quick relaxation
technique (QRT)
Yogasanas Pranayama
Standing  Nadisuddi pranayama
 Ardhakati cakrasana  Sitali pranayama
 Garudasana  Bhramari pranayama
 Bhujangasana
 Vakrasana Meditation
 Gomukhasana  Nadanusandhana
 Deep relaxation  OM-Dhyana (meditation)
technique (DRT)
 Acute attack - chair breathing

 Vamanadhouti + DRT – Once a week


 Laghu Sankapraksalana + DRT - Daily
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
 Millions of people in the world suffer from the
diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
 The heart, which is muscular pump, keeps the blood
circulation of blood going.
 But when there is a break down of this complicated
mechanism, blood supply to a part of the body may be
affected leading to what is known as heart attack.
 But with yoga the cardiovascular diseases can be
cured. Diseases that can be cured are:
Arteriosclerosis - hardening of arteries
Coronary Thrombosis - sudden blocking of one of
the arteries.
 Yoga helps to cope with this stress so that do
not need to depend on smoking or eating
unhealthy food.
 It also helps to find a contentment from
within.
 Smoking should be completely stopped as it
constricts the arteries.
For daily practice :
 Keep yourself relaxed and free from anxiety ,
nervousness, tension and restlessness.
 Meditation – has been scientifically proven to
be beneficial for hypertensive people.
 Ujjayi Pranayama - can be done while lying for
about 3-4 minutes, if the blood pressure rises
very high.
 Nadi Shodak Pranayama - It can be done 10
times.
Heart disease
 General considerations: Consultation with
patient’s doctor is advisable because the
limitation may differ substantially according to
various heart diseases and their stages. Some
heart abnormalities require no or little restraint.
 Contraindications: No practices with internal
breath retention. No physically demanding
physical exercises exceeding trainee’s
tolerance. Practices like Agnisara Dhauti or
Shankha Prakshalana may be too risky even in
persons with heart problems whose condition is
fairly good.
 Recommendations: Patients shortly after
myocardial infarction are advised to practice
Savasana, full yoga breath and later some easy
Pavanmuktasanasa, in prone position.
Hypertension
 General considerations: Severe hypertension
should be medically treated on a long-term
basis.
 Contraindications: Long internal breath
retention and inverted asanas, especially in
older people, are usually not suitable. Shankha
Prakshalana with drinking too much of salty
water and too physically demanding exercise
may be risky.
 Recommendations: Relaxation, Ujjayi,
Bhramari, and other practices.
Hypotension
 General considerations: Hypotension, if it is
not caused by some acute condition, such as
internal bleeding, is usually not a serious
medical problem.
 Contraindications: People with hypotension
should raise up very slowly after practising
inverted asanas or after asanas in lying position
to prevent dizziness.
 Recommendations: Most vigorous Yoga
practices such as Surya Namaskara,
Dhanurasana, Bhunjangasana and activating
pranayamas which increase blood pressure.
Recommended Asana :
 Suryanamaskara (Sun salutation) - activates the
whole body.
 Pavanmuktasana (Relieving the flatus) - wind
reliever, corrects malfunctioning of the
abdomen. Make 4-6 rounds.
 Uttanpadasana (Raising the legs) - Helps reduce
fat.
 Santulanasana - normalizes blood circulation.
 Savasana (Corpse pose) - should be done twice
or thrice daily as it normalizes the blood
pressure.
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
HEART DISEASES
Loosening Exercises Breathing practices
 Loosening of fingers  Hands stretch breathing
 Shoulder rotation  Ankle stretch breathing
 Drill walking  Rabbit breathing
 Instant relaxation  Straight leg raise breathing
technique (IRT) (alternating)
 Side bending, each
 Quick relaxation
technique (QRT)
Yogasanas Pranayama
Standing  Nadisuddi pranayama
 Ardhakati cakrasana  Sitali pranayama
 Garudasana  Bhramari pranayama
 Bhujangasana
 Vakrasana Meditation
 Gomukhasana  Nadanusandhana
 Deep relaxation  OM-Dhyana (meditation)
technique (DRT)
 Acute attack - chair breathing

 Vamanadhouti + DRT – Once a week


 Laghu Sankapraksalana + DRT - Daily
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
 Millions of people in the world suffer from the
diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
 The heart, which is muscular pump, keeps the blood
circulation of blood going.
 But when there is a break down of this complicated
mechanism, blood supply to a part of the body may be
affected leading to what is known as heart attack.
 But with yoga the cardiovascular diseases can be
cured. Diseases that can be cured are:
Arteriosclerosis - hardening of arteries
Coronary Thrombosis - sudden blocking of one of
the arteries.
 Yoga helps one to cope with this stress so
that he/she do not need to depend on smoking
or eating unhealthy food.
 It also helps one to find contentment from
within.
 Smoking should be completely stopped as it
constricts the arteries.
For daily practice :
 Keep yourself relaxed and free from anxiety ,
nervousness, tension and restlessness.
 Meditation - has been scientifically proven to
be beneficial for hypertensive people.
 Ujjayi Pranayama - can be done while lying for
about 3-4 minutes, if the blood pressure rises
very high.
 Nadi Shodak Pranayama - It can be done 10
times.
 General considerations: Consultation with patient’s
doctor is advisable because the limitation may differ
substantially according to various heart diseases and
their stages. Some heart abnormalities require no or
little restraint.
 Contraindications: No practices with internal breath
retention. No physically demanding physical exercises
exceeding trainee’s tolerance. Practices like Agnisara
Dhauti or Shankha Prakshalana may be too risky even
in persons with heart problems whose condition is
fairly good.
 Recommendations: Patients shortly after myocardial
infarction are advised to practice Savasana, full yoga
breath and later some easy Pavanmuktasanasa, in
prone position.
Recommended Asana :
 Suryanamaskara (Sun salutation) - activates the
whole body.
 Pavanmuktasana (Relieving the flatus) - wind
reliever, corrects malfunctioning of the
abdomen. Make 4-6 rounds.
 Uttanpadasana (Raising the legs) - Helps reduce
fat.
 Santulanasana - normalizes blood circulation.
 Shavasana (Corpse pose) - should be done
twice or thrice daily as it normalizes the blood
pressure.
SPECIFIC YOGA PRACTICE
 Padangusthasana  Ekapada sarvangasana
 Padahastasana  Parsva halasana
 Uttanasana  Supta Konasana
 Salabhasana  Supta padangusthasana
 Makarasana  Urdhva parsarita
 Dhanurasana padasana
 Bhujangasana  Savasana
 Sirsasana  Ujjayi and Nadi sodhana
 Sarvangasana pranayama
 Halasana
Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran
MD (Pead), PhD (Yoga Science)
YOGIC MANAGEMENT OF
RESPIRATORY DISORDERS
Bridging the voluntary system with the involuntary system
TO PREVENT BRONCHOCONSTRICTION AND
TO TACKLE THE TRIGGERING FACTORS

 Concept of yoga in reducing mental and physical


stress and regarding the importance of breathing
is well documented.
 The imbalance in the respirations disturbs the
pancha pranas.
 There is intimate connection between the mind
and the pancha pranas.
 Hence by voluntarily changing the respiratory
rate, its pattern, its rhythm making it into regular,
deep, harmonious and slow breathing, the
dysfunction can be corrected.
 Patience and skill in practice is necessary.
BENEFITS OF
BREATHING PRACTICES AND PRANAYAMA
 Slowing of respiratory rate, awareness of
breathing and balance of breath are the three
main features of Pranayama.

 The excessive speed, jerks, randomness of


breathing and wrong breathing are corrected by
Sectional Breathing and Prananusandhana.
 Cooling Pranayama: Relaxes the muscles,
soothens the nervous system and reduces the
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR). Allergies due to
cold can be effectively overcome by prolonged
practice of these pranayama.
 Cooling Pranayamas are contraindicated in acute
respiratory conditions like acute tonsillitis, nasal
congestion, bronchitis, asthma and respiratory
distress. Once the acute situation improves,
gradually the Sitali, Sitkari and Sadanta can be
introduced.
 Anuloma – Viloma Pranayama: Reduces the
basal metabolic rate, increases the vital capacity
and strengthens the immune system. Helps in
clearing the congestion in the nostrils and is very
useful for Nasal allergy.
 Nadi Suddhi: Promotes balance between the two
nostrils, reduces anxiety and stress levels. Brings
equanimity (samatva) – the key to spiritual
growth. Keeping awareness is the key in the
performance of all pranayamas.
 Ujjayi: Strengthens the muscles of epiglottis and
helps to reduce the effort of breathing.
 Bhramari: Soothens the nervous system by
restoring homeostasis, cultures the voice by
increasing the range of frequency (pitch) and
melody. Extremely useful in almost all ailments
of the psychosomatic type as it reduces the stress
factor.
 Kriyas help in removing the inhibitions and
reducing the hyper-reaction of the respiratory
system.
 Asanas help to relax the muscles and unfold the
complete potential of stretching and relaxation.
ASTHMA MANAGEMENT
ANNAMAYA KOSA LEVEL:

 DIET - SATVIK SIMPLE


VEGETARIAN
AVOID LATE, HEAVY SUPPER
AVOID SENSITIVE FOODS WHEN ASTHMA IS
AGGRAVATED

 DESENSITISE TO SENSITIVE FOODS


DURING INTERVALS OF GOOD SEASON
OR REMISSION

 LIFE STYLE OF MODERATION


YAMA, NIYAMA
ACUTE EPISODES - CHAIR BREATHING

• VOLUNTARY CONTROL OVER


INVOLUNTARY NERVOUS SYSTEM
• PANIC REDUCED

• RELAX BODY- MIND COMPLEX


REDUCE DEMAND
• WHY 8 STEPS IN CHAIR BREATHING?

TO MAINTAIN STEADY AWARENESS OF


BREATHING FOR 20-30 minutes
ASANAS
AVOID NONE

GRADUALLY BUILD UP TO DIFFERENT


POSTURES AND DYNAMIC ASANAS

• COMPLEMENTARY POSTURES -

• DRAINAGE OF SECRETION - FORWARD


BEND
ASANAS HOW ?
OPEN UP CHEST
IMPROVE LUNG CAPACITY
BACKWARD BENDS
BHUJANGA,
DHANUR,USTRA
GENERAL STAMINA -
DYNAMIC ASANAS
SITHILEKARANA,
SURYA NAMASKARA
BALANCE OF PRANA
ASANAS HOW ?
• BETTER TOLERANCE TO
EXERCISE- STIMULUS-RELAX

• GRADED GRADUAL
IMPROVEMENT OF
EXERTION TOLERANCE

• PRANIC BALANCE
KRIYAS
CLEAN THE PASSAGES -NETI

CLEAR THE DIGESTION -


DHOUTI
SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA

ALLERGY - HYPER-REACTIVITY
MASTERY OVER SNEEZING
REFLEX JALANATI
KRIYAS
STAMINA BUILDING

JALA NETI - WATER

NON SPECIFIC IRRITANT - ACCEPT

SUTRA NETI - RUBBER TUBE

STRONGER NON SPECIFIC IRRITANT


GRADED CRADUALLY INCREASING STIMULUS
ON BACKGROUND OF DEEP REST
PRANAMAYA KOSA:

PRANA BLOCKS - IMBALANCE REMOVED

RIGHT - LEFT BALANCE. SAV MAY HELP

IDEALLY RECOGNISE THE NASAL

DOMINENCE MOMENT TO MOMENT AND

CORRECT THE IMBALANCE


ABDOMINAL BREATHING:

• TRAINING DIAPHRAGMATIC
BREATHING HELPS REDUCE
EFFORT OF BREATHING

* RELEASES PRANIC BLOCKS IN CHEST

* IMPROVES DIGESTION

e) BHASTRIKA - IMPROVES GENERAL


STAMINA
MANOMAYA KOSA:

• MEDITATION - DIRECT
METHOD TO REST
ANS AND IMMUNE
SYSTEM

• STRESS REDUCTION
DEVOTIONAL SESSION

• EMOTION CULTURE
• REPLACE EMOTIONAL SENSITIVITY
BY EMOTIONAL MASTERY

• CONFLICTS ARISE BECAUSE OF


EMOTIONAL HYPER SENSITIVITY
VIJNANA MAYA KOSA:
• YOGIC COUNSELLING

* SURRENDER TO DIVINE ACCEPTANCE

JOY IN JOY OF OTHERS


WORK IN RELAXATION

ACTION IN CONTENTMENT etc.,

• HAPPINESS ANALYSIS

REDUCE RUSH AND SPEED


ANANDAMAYA KOSA:

SWITCH OFF TO DWELL IN INNER


BLISS FREQUENTLY

•RECOGNISE THAT ARE MADE OF


THAT STUFF ANANDAMAYA

•CAN EXPAND AND SLOW DOWN


INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
ASTHMA
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Hands stretch breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Dog breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Sasankasana breathing
 Straight leg raise breathing
 Instant relaxation technique (IRT)
Loosening Exercises
 Forward and backward bending
 Side bending
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Quick relaxation technique (QRT)

Yogasanas
Standing
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Padahastasana
Sitting
 Vajrasana
 Vakrasana
 Ardha Matsyendrasana
 Pascimottanasana
Prone
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
Supine
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Halasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Surya Anuloma Viloma pranayama
 Candra Anuloma Viloma pranayama
 Nadisuddi pranayama
 Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta pranayama
 Bhramari pranayama

Meditation
 Nadanusandhana
 OM-Dhyana (meditation)/
 Cyclic meditation
 Acute attack - chair breathing

 Vamanadhouti + DRT – Once a week


 Laghu Sankapraksalana + DRT - Daily
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR ASTHMA
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Dog breathing (eyes closed)
 Straight leg raise breathing
 Back stretch
 Tiger stretch
 Yoga chair breathing
Sithilikarana Vyayama (loosening exercises)
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Suryanamaskar
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma
 Nadi suddhi
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
YOGA CHAIR BREATHING
Step 1 (IRT using a chair as support)
 Sit on the floor with legs stretched out under the chair. Pull the chair towards the
chest and hold onto it with your arms.
 Start IRT. Stretch and tighten the entire body from toes to the head
 Start tightening from the toes, ankle joints, calf muscles
 Pull up the knee caps
 Tighten the tight muscles.
 Compress and squeeze the buttocks
 Breath-out and suck the abdomen inside
 From the fists and tighten the arms
 Inhale and expand the chest
 Tighten the shoulders, neck muscles, compress the face
 Tighten the whole body from the toes to the head.
 Tighten ……… tighten ……… tighten.
 Release and relax. Collapse the whole body. Legs go apart.
 Relax the whole body at once, and rest the head and the arms on the seat of the
chair as in Makarasana or simply relax the arms forward head on the chair.
Step 2 (neck muscles relaxation with chair support in 3
stages)
1. Neck movement only (5 times)
Slowly move the head forward and backward relaxing the
posterior neck muscle. You can either hold onto the edge
of the chair or simply relax the arms forward head on the
chair.

2. Neck movement with breathing (5 times)


Inhale as deeply and slowly as possible while moving the
head backwards and exhale while moving it forward.

3. Neck movement with A-kar (5 times)


Chant A-kar in a low voice while bending the head
forward.
Step 3 (neck movement in Vajrasana in 3 stages)
1. Neck movements only (5 times)
 Move the head forward and backward in a relaxed way.

2. Neck movement with breathing (5 times)


 Inhale while moving the head backwards and exhale
while moving it forward.

3. Neck movement with U-kar (5 times)


 Chant U-kar in a low voice while bending the head
forward.
Step 4 (Sasankasana movement in 3 stages)
 Sasankasana movements only (5 times) Bend
forward and backward from the waist regions
while sitting Vajrasana and holding the right wrist
with the left at the back.

 Sasankasana movement with breathing (5 times)


 Synchronize your breathing with the forward
and backward movements. While inhaling bend
backward and while exhaling bend forward.

 Sasankasana movement with M-kar (5 times) 


Chant M-kar in a low voice while bending forward
to Sasankasana
Step 5 (relaxation in Tadasana)
 Slowly come up to Tadasana and relax for about a
minute

Step 6 (neck movement in Tadasana in 3 stages)


1. Neck movement only (5 times)
 Move the head forward and backward slowly.

2. Neck movement with breathing (5 times)


 Synchronize your breathing with neck movement

3. Neck movement M-kar (5 times)


 Chant M-kar in a low voice while bending the head
forward.
Step 7 (Ardhachakrasana – Padahastasana in 3 stages)
1. Movement only (5 times)
 From Tadasana move to Ardhachakrasana slowly and then shift to
Padahastasana allowing the hands to hang loosely down.
 Then return to Tadasana
 This is one cycle. Repeat five times slowly and continuously.

2. Movement with breathing (5 times)


 Synchronize the movements with breathing. While inhaling move
to Ardhachakrasana and while exhaling move to Padahastasana.
Then again while inhaling come up and move to
Ardhachakrasana. Repeat the cycle five times.

3. Movement with M-kar (5 times)


 Chant M-kar in a low voice while bending forward to
Padahastasana.
Step 8 (Quick relaxation technique)
a) Starting position
 Sthithi: Savasana

b) Practice
Phase I
 Feel the abdominal movements, observe the
movements of the abdominal muscles going up and
down as you breathe in and out normally. Count five
times.
Phase II
 Synchronize the breathing with the abdominal
movements. While inhaling the abdomen bulging up
and while exhaling the abdomen sinking in.
Continue five times.
Phase III
 As you inhale, energize the body and feel the lightness and as you
exhale, collapse all the muscles, release the tension and enjoy the
deep relaxation. Continue five rounds.
 Chant an A-kar in a low voice while exhaling. Feel the vibration
in the lower parts of the body.
 Slowly come up from either the right or the left side of the body.

Note:
 Initially this Yoga Chair Breathing Technique takes about 30-35
minutes. With practice the time required to about 20 minutes.
 The patient is asked to use this technique, instead of
Bronchodilators when an attack is about to come. With this
technique he/she can learn to relax Bronchospasm effectively.
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
 Yoga tries to cure asthma by cleaning the lungs and
making patient emotionally strong so that he/she does
not react to stressful situations.
 As the disease is primarily of the lungs and
respiratory system the pranayama and asanas selected
are to restore the health of lungs and the respiratory
system.
 The postures prescribed drain mucus from the lungs,
and relax lung muscles.
 Yoga also teaches to breathe correctly.
 Yoga not only clears lungs but also gives the will
power to give up smoking through Meditation.
 The Breathing Exercises oxygenate lungs, and
increase their flexibility.
 By strengthening immune system, they also
reduce dependency on medication.
Daily Practice :
 Jal Neti Kriya
 Bhastrika Pranayam
 Nadi Shodak Pranayam
 Ujjayi Pranayam

Pranayama massages
the body cells and inner organs.
 General considerations: This problem is
often associated with bronchitis or allergy.
 Contraindications: There are few
contraindications of yoga for patients with
asthma which is not complicated (e.g. acute
bronchitis). The environment in which yoga
is practised should be, as far as possible, free
of the substances which may cause allergic
reaction.
 Recommendations: These patients often
benefit from many yogic practices including
relaxation and meditation, see publications of
Bihar School of Yoga.
Recommended Asanas :
 Chair breathing -
 Ekpada Uttana Asana - helps in activating the
bronchial lining.
 Tadasana (Palm Tree Pose) - strengthens bronchioles
and lungs; builds up muscles of chest.
 Ustrasana (Camel Pose) - activates facial tissues, the
nasal passage, the pharynx & the lungs.
 Simhasana (Lion Pose) - cures throat trouble, voice
deficiency and tonsillitis; activates the larynx, trachea
and all bronchioles; invigorates the thyroid cartilages.
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand) - corrects any
disorder of circulatory system.
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)- - corrects the disorders of
the respiratory system as all organs concerned with
respiration such as, the nasal passage, the pharynx,
the larynx are exercised. system.
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)- relaxes the body;
appropriate asana for pranayam.
Savasana (Corpse pose) - removes fatigue and quitens
the mind; must be practiced at the end of asana.

Pause for half a minute between the asanas.


YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
ALLERGIC RHINITIS
Breathing practices
 Hands stretch breathing  Karna sakti vikasaka
 Dog breathing  Mukha dhouti
 Tiger breathing  Laughter
 Tongue massaging  Mouth twisting
 Tongue twisting
 Tongue in and out
 Head rolling
 Tongue rotation
 Vaksakti vikasaka
 Bhramari
 Lip stretch
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Viparita karani
 Sarvangasana
 Halasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama Kriyas
 Kapalabhati Jala Neti
 Vibhaga pranayama
Sutra Neti
 Nadi suddhi
 Ujjyi pranayama Vaman Dhouti
 Bhastrika pranayama
 Bhramara / Bhramari pranayama
 Chanting (Maha mrityunjaya mantra, songs & bhajans)
 Simha Mudra
Meditation (Dhyana & Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Cold a very common disease occurs in all age
groups.

 Once a person catches cold, only steps to


make it more bearable can be taken.

 Rest is important for preventing and even


treating a rhinitis.

 During rest balance is restored in the body.


For daily practice :
 Practise Jalaneti Kriya (Nasal Cleansing). This
is an extremely effective yet rarely practised
method of keeping respiratory disorders at bay.
 Practise Nadi Shodak Pranayam
 Practise Ujjayi Pranayam
 Practise Ling Mudra.
 Do Breathing Exercises like Rapid Abdominal
Breathing to clear the respiratory system.
Postures like the Bow Posture, Fish Posture and
Cobra Posture help clear congestion in the chest
and also improve the immunity to diseases.
 General considerations: Nose bleeds may be
caused by various factors including
hypertension or problems related to the blood
coagulation.

 Contraindications: Neti and Sutra Neti


should be avoided.
Recommended Asanas :
 Sarvangasana (Whole body pose) - Improves
blood circulation.
 Paschimottanasana (Head Knee forward
bend)- Relieves nerves of the head.
 Ardh-matsyendrasana (Half spinal twist) -
Helps in all disorders of the body.
 Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) - Benefits the
whole body.
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
Breathing practices
COPD
 Hands in and out breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Dog breathing (eyes closed)
 Straight leg raise breathing
 Back stretch
 Tiger stretch
 Yoga chair breathing
Sithilikarana Vyayama (loosening exercises)
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Suryanamaskar
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma
 Nadi suddhi
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Baddha padmasana
 Pranayama
 Sarvangasana
 Sirshasana
 Suptavajrasana
 Surya namaskara
 Sasankasana
 Viparita karani mudra
 Vrukshasana
 Yogamudrasana
PREVENTION
 In general, TB is a preventable disease. From
a public health standpoint, the best way to
control TB is to diagnose and treat people with
TB infection before they develop active
disease and to take careful precautions with
hospitalized TB patients.
 But there are also other measures :
 Get tested regularly.
 Consider preventive therapy.
 Finish entire course of medication.
 BCG vaccination in newborn.
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Dog breathing (eyes closed)
 Straight leg raise breathing
 Back stretch
 Tiger stretch
 Yoga chair breathing
Sithilikarana Vyayama (loosening exercises)
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Suryanamaskar
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma
 Nadi suddhi
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Jalaneti
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Vajrasana
 Supta Vajrasana
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
SLEEP APNEA
Breathing practices
 Hands stretch breathing  Karna sakti vikasaka
 Dog breathing  Mukha dhouti
 Tiger breathing  Laughter
 Tongue massaging  Mouth twisting
 Tongue twisting
 Tongue in and out
 Head rolling
 Tongue rotation
 Vaksakti vikasaka
 Bhramari
 Lip stretch
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Viparita karani
 Sarvangasana
 Halasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama Kriyas
 Kapalabhati Jala Neti
 Vibhaga pranayama
Sutra Neti
 Nadi suddhi
 Ujjyi pranayama Vaman Dhouti
 Bhastrika pranayama
 Bhramara / Bhramari pranayama
 Chanting (Maha mrityunjaya mantra, songs & bhajans)
 Simha Mudra
Meditation (Dhyana & Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Pranayama
 Static Jogging
 Jalaneti
 Supta Vajrasana
 Chakrasana
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
SNORING
Breathing practices
 Hands stretch breathing  Karna sakti vikasaka
 Dog breathing  Mukha dhouti
 Tiger breathing  Laughter
 Tongue massaging  Mouth twisting
 Tongue twisting
 Tongue in and out
 Head rolling
 Tongue rotation
 Vaksakti vikasaka
 Bhramari
 Lip stretch
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Viparita karani
 Sarvangasana
 Halasana
 Matsyasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama Kriyas
 Kapalabhati Jala Neti
 Vibhaga pranayama
Sutra Neti
 Nadi suddhi
 Ujjyi pranayama Vaman Dhouti
 Bhastrika pranayama
 Bhramara / Bhramari pranayama
 Chanting (Maha mrityunjaya mantra, songs & bhajans)
 Simha Mudra
Meditation (Dhyana & Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Suryanamaskara
 Shirshasana
 Sarvangasana
 Pachhimottanasana
 Shavasana
 Pranayama
YOGA FOR

CEREBROVASCULAR
DISEASE
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
PROMOTION OF POSITIVE HEALTH
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Sasankasana breathing
 Straight leg raise breathing
Sithilikarana vyayama (loosening exercise)
 Jogging
 Forward and Backward bending
 Side bending
 Twisting
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Suryanamaskar
Yogasanas
Standing Sitting
 Ardhakati cakrasana  Pascimottanasana
 Ardha cakrasana  Vakrasana/Ardha
Matsyendrasana
 Padahastasana  Sasankasana/ Yogamudra
Prone  Ustrasana
 Bhujangasana  Deep relaxation
 Salabhasana technique (DRT)
 Dhanurasana
Supine
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Cakrasana
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Nadi suddhi
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
 Suryanamaskara
 Natarajasana
 Santulanasana
 Shirshasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Dhanurasana
 Pachhimottanasana
 Shavasana
 Pranayama
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
Stroke (brain hemorrhage or acute brain
ischaemia)
 General considerations: Proper medical
treatment is necessary, yoga can be used within
the framework of long-term rehabilitation.
 Contraindications: No inverted asanas, the
limitations of trainees should be strictly
respected.
 Recommendations: In the beginning
relaxation, full yoga breath, Ujjayi, gentle
mobilisation of the affected parts of the body.
YOGA
FOR
PAIN
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
Severe pain in the
stomach & Bowels Ear pain & Eye pain
 Suryanamaskara  Sarvangasana
 Sarvangasana  Matsyasana
 Matsyasana  Ardha Matsendriyasana
 Shavasana  Karnapedasana
 Jaladhauti  Akarna Dhanurasana
 Pranayama  Shavasana
Finger swellings & Pains Lumbar pain
 Suryanamaskara  Uttanapadasana
 Sarvangasana  Noukasana
 Shirshasana  Sarvangasana
 Gomukhasana  Bhujangasana
 Matsyasana  Sarpasana
 Dhanurasana  Salabhasana
 Pachhimottanasana  Dhanurasana
 Shavasana  Halasana
 Pranayama
Muscular & Body pain Sciatica Pain (leg pain)
 Suryanamaskara  Ushtrasana
 Sarvangasana  Uttanapadasana
 Halasana  Naukasana
 Bhujangasana  Sarpasana
 Shavasana
 Pranayama
YOGA
FOR
HEAD ACHE
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
ANNAMAYA KOSA
KRIYAS
 Vamana dhouti once a week
 Performed at the beginning of headache
can abate an attack.
o KAPALABHATI
o JALA NETI
o TRATAKA
AVOID DURING SEVERE H.A
ASANAS
HEAD ROLLING --
Massages the scalp muscle
Releases pranic blocks
ASANAS

BASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS –


Deep rest
Sthira sukham ásanám
Stability and effortlessness in the
final position
ASANAS
BASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS
- DEEP REST
PRAYATNA SHAITHILYA
RELAXATION
ANANTA SAMAPATTI
JOY OF EXPANSION

PRANAMAYA KOSA
PRANA

PRANIC IMBALANCE
SAMANA
ATIJERNATVAM
APANA
TOO
MUCH OF
PRANA
DRAWN
TO HEAD
PRANIC IMBALANCE
PRANAYAMA
PRANA

SECTIONAL BREATHING -
DIVERTS TO SAMANA
SAMANA

SAV- RIGHT SIDED HEADACHE

CAV- LEFT SIDED HEADACHE


APANA

N S- BALANCE
MANOMAYA KOSA
Aim of IAYT in tension H.A
= A bad habit of excessive
focussing and speed
= A good habit
Of defocussing
and expansion
VERY USEFUL
TO SLOW DOWN

 MEDITATION
MOVE FROM DHARANA TO DHYANA
FROM DHYANA TO SAMADHI
VIJNANAMAYA KOSA

PURPOSE OF LIFE
NATURE OF HAPPINESS
MEANING OF LIFE
ANANDAMAYA KOSA
BLISS AND SATISFACTION
IS MY TRUE NATURE

YOGASTAH KURU KARMANI

LIFE OF JOY, HUMOUR,


ACCEPTANCE, SURRENDER
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
HEADACHE AND NECK PAIN
Loosening and breathing exercises
 Loosening of fingers
 Loosening of wrists
 Rotation of shoulder
 Neck bending
 Neck rotation
 Pada sancalana
 Hand stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Sasankasana breathing
 Head rolling
 Suryanamaskara
 Quick relaxation technique (QRT)
Yogasanas
 Ardhakaticakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Trikonasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Ustrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Matsyasana
 Viparitakarini
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama
 Candra Anuloma pranayama
 Nadi suddhi
 Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vamana Dhouti
Avoid
 Supine postures – Dhanurasana
 Severe cases of headach and neck pain should
also avoid
Extreme forward bending
Sutra Neti
Vamana Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
 Headache is usually but a symptom of disease
somewhere in the body.
 Disease conditions and irritation anywhere in
the system are telegraphed to headquarters in
the brain and there manifest in the form of
various symptoms, the most frequent of which
is headache.
 Yoga aims at reducing chronic headaches by
calming the mind.
 Breathing Exercises and Meditation can also
provide relief.
For daily practice:
 Practice Jal Neti (Nasal cleansing) for
immediate relief.
 Rechaka - Puraka Pranayama - corrects
disorders of digestive system, circulatory and
respiratory system.
 Shitali Pranayama - has a great soothing,
relaxing and cooling effect on the whole body;
helps people suffering from high blood
pressure, gastric troubles, tension and anxiety.
Recommended Asana :
 Suryanaskara (Sun salutation) - invigorates the
central nervous system.
 Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) - inwardly
activates the whole of abdominal area, neck,
shoulders, face and head areas.
 Shavasana.(Corpse Pose) - removes fatigue and
quitens the mind ; must be practised at the end
of asansa.
Headache Migraine
 Pachhimottanasana  Suryanamaskara
 Halasana  Shirshasana
 Sarvangasana  Sarvangasana
 Shavasana  Uttanapadasana
 Shirshasana  Padmasana
 Pachhimottanasana
 Shavasana
 Pranayama
Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran
M.D. (Pead), Ph.D. (Yoga Science)
INTEGRATED APPROACH OF
YOGA THERAPY
Suksma Vyama
• Wrist-Manibandha Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Back of Hand-Karaprasta 11 rounds
• Sakti vikasaka
• Fingers – Anguli Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Elbows – Kaphoni Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Neck – Griva Sakti Vikasaka-I 11 rounds
• Neck – Sakti Vikasaka-II 11 rounds
• Back – Kati Sakti Vikasaka-I 11 rounds
Suksma Vyama
• Back – Kati Sakti Vikasaka-II 11 rounds
• Knees – Janu Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Claves – Pindali Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Eyes – Netra Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds
• Ears – Karna Sakti Vikasaka 11 rounds

Shithilikarana vyayama (Loosening Exercise)


• Jogging
• Pavanamuktasana Kriya 3 stages each
• Quick Relaxation technique
Yogasana
• Suryanamaskara 12 counts 3 rounds
• Ardhakati Cakrasana 1 min
• Ardha Cakrasana 1 min
• Padahasatasana 3 min
• Bhujangasana 1 min
• Salabhasana 1 min
• Viparita Karani 3 min
• Sarvangasana 3 min
• Matsyasana 1 min
• Sirsasana or Ardhasirsasana 1-3 min
• Sasankasana or Yoga Muda 3 min
• Ustrasana 1 min
• Savasana (DRT)
Kriya
• Jala Neti
• Trataka (on non-flickering lamp)

Meditation (Dharana, Dhyana)


• Nadanusandhana
• AAA-9, UUU-9, MMM-9
• OM Meditation Twice a day 10 min
• Cyclic Meditation with open eyes 30 min

AVOID FAST BREATHING


SPECIFIC YOGA PRACTICE
• General considerations: People with epilepsy
usually need long-term medication to prevent
further seizures. Their physical condition and
psychological states vary considerably and
individual approach is advisable.
• Contraindications: It is safer to avoid long
yoga Nidra because of the risk of untimely
sleep which may induce a seizure. On the other
hand short-term muscle relaxation like
Savasana is helpful. Kapalabhati and Bhastrika
could induce a seizure and should probably be
avoided.
• Recommendations: There is medical data
about the usefulness of short muscle relaxation
in the prevention of seizures. Yoga tradition
recommends many other practices, see
VYASA, Yoga publications.
Recommended asanas :
• Suryanamaskaras
• Sarvangasana
• Sirshasana
• Halasana
• Pachhimottanasana
• Matsyasana
• Paryankasana
• Shavasana
• Pranayama
Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran
M.D. (Pead), Ph.D. (Yoga
Science)
YOGA
MIND = CITTA / MANAH
ONE THOUGHT = ONE UNIT OF MIND

MIND - CONGLOMERATION OF THOUGHTS


WHAT IS MIND?

CONGLOMERATION OF THOUGHTS

yoga
yoga is
is to
to gain
gain
mastery
mastery over
over
thoughts
thoughts -PATANJALI
MIND - ITS FACETS:

MIND (RANDOM)

INTELLECT

MEMORY

EGO ’I’
RAJA YOGA -
DIRECT CONTROL OF MIND

RANDOM MIND- CANCALATA


ENERGY
WASTED

NO CONNECTION BETWEEN THOUGHTS


EG: FAN, GARDEN, IDLI, SKY
CONCENTRATION
FROM CANCALATA TO ÄKAGRATA
• CONCENTRATION
= CHANNELISED
ENERGIES

* EDUCATIONIS TO DEVELOP
CONCENTRATION

CONCENTRATION IS
MANDATORY FOR SUCCESS
DHARANA
CANCALATA - MULTIPLE SUBJECTS
(MIND)
MULTIPLE
THOUGHTS
(INTELLECT) MULTIPLE
EKAGRATA -SINGLE SUBJECT
THOUGHTS
DHARANA - SINGLE THOUGHT
(MEMORY)
DHARANA- FOCUSSING
DHARANA
•LASER FUSION

•LENS
ARJUNA AND THE BIRD’S EYE
DHARANA - MEMORY WAY
TRATAKA
FOCUS - CLOSE THE EYES
PERCEPTION - PERSISTENCE OF VISION
AT EYE LEVEL
•DHARANA - RECALLING
- MEMORY WAY

PROCESS OF
REMEMBERING
DHYANA - FEATURES
SINGLE THOUGHT
 SLOWNESS BMR
 WAKEFULNESS (AWARENESS)
 EFFORTLESSNESS
 EXPANSIVENESS (LIGHTNESS)
DHYANA - TECHNIQUE
JAPA- THE EASY TOOL
1. INCREASING AND DECREASING
SPEED
2. SLOW DOWN
3. BED OF SILENCE
4. JAPA IN BLISSFUL SILENCE
DHYANA - MEDITATION
ANTARANGA YOGA

• DHARANA (FOCUS)
• DHYANA (DEFOCUS)
• SAMADHI (JUMP WITHIN)

EFFORTLESS
DHARANA IS DHYANA
SAMADHI - THE JUMP
PHYSICAL WORLD : QUANTUM JUMP
OF ELECTRONS

SUBTLE WORLD : JUMPING INTO


SUBTLER LAYER OF
CONSCIOUSNESS

SAMADHI IS THE BEGINNING


NOT THE END
SAMADHI - THE WAY TO BLISS
EXPANSION FROM ONE LEVEL TO NEXT
* BLISS FRAGRANCE OF BLISS
* EXPANSION LIGHTNESS
* KNOWLEDGE DEEPER PERCEPTION
* POWER GREATER CREATIVITY

UNPARALLELED BLISS OF
SAMADHI
YOGA MODULE FOR
ANXIETY
Daily morning
 Pranayama (1-5)
 Sithlikarana Vyayama (1-15)
 Meditation ( 1 or 2)
 Yogasanas (1-15)

 Kriyas – Weekly once


 Candra Anuloma Viloma Pranayama 4
times a day and 27 rounds each time
YOGA MODULE FOR
DEPRESSION
Daily morning
 Sithlikarana Vyayama (1-15)
 Yogasanas (1-15)
 Pranayama (1-5)
 Meditation ( 1 & 2 alternate)

 Kriyas – Twice a week once


 Surya Anuloma Viloma Pranayama 4
times a day and 27 rounds each time
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION
Sithilikarana Vyayama (loosening exercises)
 Jogging
 Spinal twist and Spinal stretch
 Knee stretch
 Forward and Backward bending
 Alternate toe touching
 Suryanamaskar
 Relax by walking
 Tiger stretch
 Alternate Bhujangasana and Parvathasana
 Cycling
 Pascimottanasana stretch
 Side leg raising
 Quick relaxation technique (QRT)
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Dhanurasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Halasana
 Chakrasana
 Sasankasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Ustrasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma pranayama
 Nadi suddhi
 Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
 General considerations: Severe depressions associated
with the risk of suicide should be treated medically, if
possible.
 Contraindications: Most Yoga practices are helpful. The
problem is that depressive people have little enthusiasm to
practice. After overcoming the first dislike, they may find
Yoga practices (or physical exercise or karma Yoga)
helpful. According to some authors, long periods of
relaxation or meditation may “close up” some depressive
people even more.
 Recommendations: Relaxation, especially short, physical
exercises and physical work are usually beneficial.
Recommended asanas :
 Pranayama
 Suryanamaskara
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Dhanurasana
 Halasana
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
COMMON PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
Sithilikarana Vyayama (loosening exercises)
 Jogging
 Spinal twist and Spinal stretch
 Knee stretch
 Forward and Backward bending
 Alternate toe touching
 Suryanamaskar
 Relax by walking
 Tiger stretch
 Alternate Bhujangasana and Parvathasana
 Cycling
 Pascimottanasana stretch
 Side leg raising
 Quick relaxation technique (QRT)
Yogasanas
 Ardhakati cakrasana
 Padahastasana
 Ardha cakrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Salabhasana
 Dhanurasana
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Halasana
 Chakrasana
 Sasankasana
 Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana
 Ustrasana
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma pranayama
 Nadi suddhi
 Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran
M.D. (Pead), Ph.D. (Yoga
Science)
SPECIFIC PRACTICE
Neurosis
 General considerations: The tolerance and
needs of people with neuroses may vary
considerably. Beside yoga these people may
benefit from various forms of psychotherapy.
 Contraindications: Usually little limitations.
Sometimes long relaxation and meditation is not
tolerated well because of the unpleasant thoughts
and powerful memories which can arise.
 Recommendations: Relaxation, physical
exercises of yoga, many yoga practices according
to individual needs.
Schizophrenia
 Contraindications: In severe mental problems
like schizophrenia or drug induced psychoses
long meditation and relaxation may increase
problems. This effect can be even stronger in
unfamiliar environment. Also stimulating
pranayamas (Kapalabhati, Bhastrika, practices
with long internal breath retention) can activate
unresolved problems and conflicts and should be
usually avoided in severe mental problems.
 Recommendations: Karma yoga, simple
physical practices such as Pavanmuktasana, brief
Savasana, support and understanding.
Sleep problems
 Contraindications: All practises activating the
body and mind shortly before going to sleep.
 Recommendations: Relaxation practices are
very beneficial, at the end of relaxation a
student should not force himself/herself to sleep
but should simply remain relaxed and wait.
Balanced and regular life style are important.
Loss of appetite
 Surya namaskara  Jalaneti
 Sarvangasana  Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana  Matsyasana
 Pachhimottanasana  Sirshasana
 Ushtrasana  Pranayama
 Bhujangasana  Shavasana
 Simhasana
 Salabhasana
 Dhanurasana
 Makarasana
Forgetfulness Hysteria
(Amnesia) (Morbid excitement)
 Jalaneti  Padmasana
 Sarvangasana  Vakrasana
 Matsyasana  Ardhamatsendriyasana
 Sirshasana  Vrukshasana
 Pranayama  Mandukasana
 Suryanamaskara  Vajrasanam
 Natarajasana
Insomnia
Memory (bad)
(Sleeplessness)
 Sarvangasana  Jalaneti
 Shavasana  Sarvangasana
 Surya namaskara  Matsyasana
 Shirshasana  Sirshasana
 Pachhimottanasana  Pranayama
 Uttanapadasana
 Pranayama
Mental depression
 Pranayama
 Suryanamaskara
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Dhanurasana
 Halasana
YOGA TECHNICS
Annamaya kosa practices
Sukshma vyayama, Asanas

Relax, Loosen, Balance

Maintain mobility,
prevent adhesions, after
surgery, during RT
PRANA
Excess in area of cancer
Basis pranayama - To balance &
Prepare

PET Mudras - awareness of prana


Circulation of Prana
Balance & Reduce Excess
Deep Rest - Prepares for resolve
Resolve - Immune cells stamina
MANOMAYA KOSA
MSRT -

BETTER CONCENTRATION -
BOTH DHARANA & DHYANA

INTERNAL MASSAGE

MASTERY OVER EMOTIONS

DHARAN - DHAYANA - SAMADHI


- SANYAMA
DHARANA- FOCUSSING

DHARANA S ION
FU
S ER
•LA

•LENS
DHYANA - FEATURES
SINGLE THOUGHT
•SLOWNESS BMR
•WAKEFULNESS
(AWARENESS)
•EFFORTLESSNESS
•EXPANSIVENESS
(LIGHTNESS)
DHYANA - TECHNIQUE
JAPA- THE EASY TOOL
1. INCREASING AND DECREASING
SPEED
2. SLOW DOWN
3. BED OF SILENCE
4. JAPA IN BLISSFUL SILENCE
SAMADHI - THE JUMP
PHYSICAL WORLD : QUANTUM JUMP
OF ELECTRONS

SUBTLE WORLD : JUMPING INTO


SUBTLER LAYER OF
CONSCIOUSNESS

SAMADHI IS THE BEGINNING


NOT THE END
SAMADHI - THE WAY TO BLISS
EXPANSION FROM ONE LEVEL TO NEXT
* BLISS FRAGRANCE OF BLISS
* EXPANSION LIGHTNESS
* KNOWLEDGE DEEPER PERCEPTION
* POWER GREATER CREATIVITY

UNPARALLELED BLISS OF
SAMADHI
SANYAMAH - THE WAY TO SIDDHI

TRAYAM EKATHRA
SANYAMAH
DHARANA +

DHYANA +
SAMADHI
MEMT
SUPPRESSED ANGER, FEAR, ANXIETY
OPEN-UP NEGATIVE/ POSITIVE
EMOTIONS ON-OFF TRICK
TOWARDS
MASTERY TO CULTURE - SOFT
emotions
from Criticality - Respect
Violence - Gentleness
MIRT
Imagery very useful,

Pts asked to draw picture of


Macro phage engulfing cancer
cells

NK engulfing cancer cells.


YOGIC COUNCELLING VISAK
KNOWLEDGE OF

IMPERSHABILITY - CONFIDECE

DEEP REST - PROVIDES -

GROUND RESOLEVE IT IS

SILENCE THAT WORKS


ANAMS
FEARLESS NESS
GIVING / SHARING -
LOVE JOY & HAPPINESS
GIVE & NEVER EXPECT
YOGA THERAPY INTERVENTION
 Breathing exercises.
 Relaxation techniques.
IRT, QRT, DRT.
 Pranayama.
Positive guided imagery-MIRT
 SMET.
 Pranic energising technique.
 Mind sound resonance technique.
FACT
Conventional Treatment Adds
Years to life of a cancer patient

Yoga Therapy Adds Life to their


years making life meaningful and

willful.
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR
ONCOLOGY
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Hands stretch breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Straight leg raise breathing (Alternate legs)
Suksma Vyayama (strengthening exercises)
 Manibandha sakti vikasaka (wrists)
 Karapristha sakti vikasaka (back of hands)
 Kaphoni sakti vikasana (elbows)
 Griva sakti vikasaka – I (neck)
 Griva sakti vikasaka – II (neck)
 Kati sakti vikasaka – I (back)
 Kati sakti vikasaka – II (back)
 Netra sakti vikasaka (eyes)
Yogasanas
 Ustrasana
 Bhujangasana
 Viparitakarani with wall support
 Deep relaxation technique (DRT)
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Surya Anuloma
 Chandra Anuloma
 Nadi suddhi
 Sitali/Sitkari/Sadanta pranayama
 Bhramari
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 OM meditation
 Cyclic meditation
Advanced meditation techniques
 Pranic energisation technique (PET)
 Mind imagery technique (MIRT)
 Mind sound resonance technique (MSRT)
 Mastering the emotions technique (MEMT)
 Vijnana sadhana kausala (VISAK)
 Anandamrta sincana (ANAMS)
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 Yoga teaches you to give up and avoid harmful
habits like smoking by giving you mental
strength through Meditation.

 The simple cure is - Firstly, cleansing of the


body of the debris and the starved dying cells
and secondly, providing a live, atomically
vibrant food, which will provide life force.
 General considerations: It depends very much on
the localisation, the type of tumour and other
factors. Some tumours can be treated effectively
and do not restrict the selection of practices at all,
others demand extreme caution. Medical advice
regarding the tolerance to exercises is advisable.

 Contraindications: Excessive physical and mental


strain of any kind decreases the natural resistance
of the body.
 Recommendations: Yogic relaxation can
definitely be used to improve mental state, to
decrease side effects of medical treatment, and
to increase immunity. Perhaps also
Pavanmuktasanasa, Nadi Shodhana without
breath retention, Ujjayi, Bhramari, and Trataka.
Recommended Asanas :
 Suryanamaskara (Sun Salutation) - vitalises the entire body.

 Pranayama (Breathing Exercise)- should be practised


regularly.

 Yoga Sleep - also helps you to deal with the pain and
reduces the feeling of nausea during chemotherapy.
However, a yoga specialist or a Doctor needs to supervise
your yoga practice.
YOGA PRACTICES

YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)


I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES
AIMS :
• STRESS REDUCTION
• RELIEF OF PAIN
• MEDICATION REDUCTION
PROMOTION OF POSITIVE HEALTH
Breathing practices
 Hands in and out breathing
 Ankle stretch breathing
 Tiger breathing
 Rabbit breathing
 Sasankasana breathing
 Straight leg raise breathing
Sithilikarana vyayama (loosening exercise)
 Jogging
 Forward and Backward bending
 Side bending
 Twisting
 Pavanamuktasana kriya
 Suryanamaskar
Yogasanas
Standing Sitting
 Ardhakati cakrasana  Pascimottanasana
 Ardha cakrasana  Vakrasana/Ardha
Matsyendrasana
 Padahastasana  Sasankasana/ Yogamudra
Prone  Ustrasana
 Bhujangasana  Deep relaxation
 Salabhasana technique (DRT)
 Dhanurasana
Supine
 Sarvangasana
 Matsyasana
 Cakrasana
Pranayama
 Kapalabhati
 Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing)
 Nadi suddhi
Meditation (Dhyana Dharana)
 Nadanusandhana
 OM meditation
Kriyas
 Jala Neti
 Sutra Neti
 Vaman Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICES
 General considerations: The physical
abilities of elderly persons may vary
considerably. Generally strenuous physical
activity is less tolerated, the risk of fractures
increases (e.g. when falling), and various
chronic diseases are more common.
 Contraindications: Extreme and long term
backward bending of cervical spine may cause
dizziness and restrict the blood flow blood in
vertebral arteries which supply the brain.
Contraindications are also related to specific
health problems. Most elderly people do not feel
comfortable in Savasana without a pillow or pad
under their head (without it the rounded thoracic
spine would bend the neck backward to much).
 Recommendations: There are many gentle and
suitable practices which should be selected
according to individual needs (e.g.
Pavanmuktasana, when sitting on a chair).