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V process for accomplishing purpose the

management of the organization's future in

an uncertain environment
V P stematic & logical estimate for future
factors affecting planning
{ ’ell organised planning can be done
{ Risk of uncertaint reduces
{ Risk of flexibilit reduces
{ Co-ordination becomes effective
{ Increase in profitabilit
V PLANNING is also a management process,
concerned with defining goals for future
organizational performance and deciding on
the tasks and resources to be used in order
to attain those goals.
V To meet the goals, managers ma develop
plans such as a business plan or a marketing
plan. Planning alwa s has a purpose. The
purpose ma be achievement of certain goals
or targets.
V The planning helps to achieve these goals or
target b using the available time and
V To minimize the timing and resources also
require proper planning.
V The concept of planning is to identif what
the organization wants to do b using the
four questions which are
{ xwhere are we toda in terms of our business or
strateg planning?
{ ’here are we going?. . .’here do we want to go?. .
How are we going to get there?...x
V It is a blue print of business growth and a road map
of development.
V The conscious, s stematic process of making
decisions about goals and activities to be pursued in
the future.
V It helps in deciding objectives both in quantitative
and qualitative terms.
V It is setting of goals on the basis of objectives and
keeping in view the resources.
V It predicts what the future should look like.
V Formal procedures used in such an endeavor, such as
the creation of documents, diagrams, or meetings to
discuss the important issues to be addressed, the
objectives to be met, and the strateg to be followed.
  ë organization wide, establish
overall objectives, and position the
organization with relation to its
V Ã   9  - specif details on how
individual objectives are to be achieved.

g Plans ma be long-term or short-term, directional or

V Organizational level

V Life c cle of the organization

V Environmental uncertaint

V Length of future commitments

V Planning that proves inaccurate is a waste of

management's time.

V Planning can eliminate change.

V Planning reduces flexibilit .

V Foundation of planning
V Objectives should be specific, attainable, et
V ¦

g ision
g Mission
g Goals
g Objectives
g Policies
g Procedures
V Is the objective appropriate for the librar at
this time?
V Does it take the organization in the direction
it wants to go?
V Does it support the overall mission of the
librar ?
V Is it compatible and complementar with the
other objectives?
V Is it acceptable and understandable to the
majorit who will be charged with
implementing it?
V Is it affordable for the organization?
V Is it measurable and achievable?
V Is it ambitious enough to be challenging?
Identif current mission, goals, values
^ Environmental assessment

^Ptrategic goal setting and elaboration

^Development of operational plans & budgets

^ Implementation

^ Evaluation & Feedback.

V Environmental scanning and forecasting

V P’OT anal sis

V Benchmarking

V Operations research

V Ptandards and guidelines

V MBO is a s stem in which specific
performance objectives are jointl
determined b subordinates and their
superiors, progress toward objectives is
periodicall reviewed, and rewards are
allocated on the basis of this progress.