Facial Expression Recognition

Title Topics Covered:
‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed AFERS v/s FACS sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer Overview of AFERS adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. 

Introduction and Concepts 

Constrained Local Models (CLM)

What is Face Detection?
Given an image, tell whether there is any human face, if there is, where is it(or where they are).

Title What is Face Recognition?
‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Face Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem Identification suscipit egestas. sed magna ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Face sed sem Vivamus et magna. Fusce Verification sed magna suscipit egestas.

Importance of Face Recognition Title
‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. A face recognition technology Vivamus automatically is used to et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. identify a person trough ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, a digital image. elit. consectetuer adipiscing It is mainly et magna.security sem Vivamus used in Fusce sed sed magna suscipit egestas. systems

Different Approaches

Template Matching

Appearance Based

Figure : Demonstrates the seven universal expressions of emotion

Template Matching: Facial Action Coding Syste

Title

‡ Store a template ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ± Predefined: based consectetuer adipiscing elit. on edges or Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem regions

sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Lorem ‡ Deformable: based ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. on facial contours Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem ‡ Templates are sed magna suscipit egestas. handcoded (not learned)

Title
‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. Fig: Sample Action Units & some combinations

Overview of AFERS

AFERS SYSTEM OVERVIEW
‡ AFERS is a platform independent. ‡ AFERS is built upon both Java and C++ technologies. ‡ Compatible with most standard video cameras.

Title
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Figure :High level overview of the AFERS components

VIDEO PROCESSING

Title

‡ Responsible for sequencing the inputted video into ‡ Lorem ipsum rate of 25 frames individual frames at a dolor sit amet, per second. consectetuer adipiscing elit.

Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas.

Shape & Modelling:
‡ Shape is represented by the x,y coordinates of facial features and appearance by the texture within that shape. ‡ If the representational power is too constrained, the method can do a good job on a small population of faces but cannot synthesize faces outside that population.

Constrained Local Models
‡Constrained local model(CLM) ‡Goals ‡Advantages ‡Weakness of facial expression recognition ‡Conclusion

Constrained local model(CLM) Title
‡Tracking methods have been developed ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, based on local regionadipiscing elit. a consectetuer descriptors and non-rigid shape prior (face) known as Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem constrained local model(CLM). sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ‡Once the CLM has estimated the shape and consectetuer adipiscing elit. appearance parameters, we usesed sem Vivamus et magna. Fusce this information tomagna suscipit egestas. face sed derive features from the for expression recognition.

Example: Showing how alignment of geometric points is done onto the face

Title

Weaknesses

Face ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer ‡‡ Loremrecognition does not work well include poor lighting, sunglasses, long hair, or other adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed objects partially covering the sem sed magna suscipit egestas.subject s face, and low resolution image ‡ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ Many systems are less effective if facial expressions vary. Even a big smile can render in the system less effective

Title

Conclusion

adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ AFERS has the goal of being extended to directly ‡detect the presence of deception.consectetuer Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. ‡ The potential for AFERS exists not just in the criminal
investigative arena but equally in national security, counterintelligence, and counterterrorism missions.

‡ AFERS is designed with the ability to provide analysis ‡inLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer unstructured scenarios.

Refrences:
‡Automated Facial Recogition.pdf( IEEE Xplore) ‡WWW

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