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We also use heat to dry our washing .you learned that heat is a form of energy. Without heat .you may have already used heat to press it. A blacksmith use heats to melt metal. Before putting on your school uniform .HEAT IS A FORM OF ENERGY y y In chapter 6. We use heat in so many ways in our every day life . Heat is very useful in our daily life. all living things will not be able to survive. It is a very important form of energy because every living things need heat to keep its body warm. we use heat to cook food and boil water. . Every day. After shower . There many more uses of heat in everyday life.People who lives in cold climates use heat to keep their homes warm.we may sometimes use heat to dry your hair.
y Temperature is the degrees of hotness. It is measured in joules ( J ). It is measured in kelvins ( K ) or degree celsius ( 0C .) y .HEAT AND TEMPERATURE Heat is the hotness of an object.
y On expansion . y . y Liquids expand more than solid while gases expand the most when heated. solid .HEAT FLOWS AND ITS EFFECT Heat is one of the most important forms of energy in dairy life. the volume of a subtances decrease. y On the other hand. liquid and gases contract when cooler.
This causes the temperature of the colder object to rise and that of the hotter object to fall. Convection is the flow of heat through liquids or gases. convection and radiation. When two objects come into contact. . Conduction is the flow of heat through solids. The temperature of both of the object will finally be the same.HEAT FLOW AND ITS EFFECTS y y y y y y y Heat can flow one place to another. It can flow in three different ways: conduction . Radiation is the flow of heat through vacuum. heat flows from the hotter to the colder object.
land breeze and the warming of the Earth by the Sun involve heat flow. .NATURAL PHENOMENA INVOLVING HEAT FLOW y Natural phenomena such as sea breeze.
Metals are heat conductors and non. substances that prevent heat from passing through are called heat insulators.metals are heat insulators. . On the other hand .HEAT CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS y y y Substances which allow heat to pass through easily are called heat conductor.
The bottom of an iron is made of metal. The mercury in a thermometer is a metal which can absorb and release heat easily.THE USES OF HEAT CONDUCTORS y y y y A heater is made of metal . It conducts heat easily to the food that it contains. y The cooling coils at the back of a refrigerator are made of metal . A pot is made of metal. It conducts heat to the clothes easily. . It conductor heat very fast and thus heat up water in a short time. They conduct heat to the surroundings easily.
We use them to protect our from hot surface. Heat insulator. A vacuum flask is made of plastics and glass . They help to keep liquids in a vacuum flask hot or cold. An icebox is made of plastic. Plastics are heat insulators. It traps heat inside an igloo. such as wood and plastic. Food or drinks kept inside the icebox will remain cooled because the heat from the surroundings cannot pass through the plastic wall of the icebox easily. . Plastics and glass. Ice is a heat insulators . Glove are made of heat-insulator material. They protect our being injured by heat. are used to make handles for irons and cooking utensils . Plastic and glass are heat insulator.THE USES OF HEAT INSULATORS y y y y y Igloos are houses built from ice by the Eskimos.