# HEAT

Heat is very useful in our daily life. we use heat to cook food and boil water.People who lives in cold climates use heat to keep their homes warm. There many more uses of heat in everyday life.we may sometimes use heat to dry your hair. A blacksmith use heats to melt metal. We use heat in so many ways in our every day life . Without heat .you may have already used heat to press it. all living things will not be able to survive. We also use heat to dry our washing . After shower .HEAT IS A FORM OF ENERGY y y In chapter 6. Every day. . Before putting on your school uniform .you learned that heat is a form of energy. It is a very important form of energy because every living things need heat to keep its body warm.

y Temperature is the degrees of hotness.HEAT AND TEMPERATURE Heat is the hotness of an object. It is measured in kelvins ( K ) or degree celsius ( 0C .) y . It is measured in joules ( J ).

y . liquid and gases contract when cooler. the volume of a subtances decrease. y Liquids expand more than solid while gases expand the most when heated. solid .HEAT FLOWS AND ITS EFFECT Heat is one of the most important forms of energy in dairy life. y On the other hand. y On expansion .

It can flow in three different ways: conduction . When two objects come into contact. This causes the temperature of the colder object to rise and that of the hotter object to fall. . Convection is the flow of heat through liquids or gases. Radiation is the flow of heat through vacuum. heat flows from the hotter to the colder object. The temperature of both of the object will finally be the same. Conduction is the flow of heat through solids. convection and radiation.HEAT FLOW AND ITS EFFECTS y y y y y y y Heat can flow one place to another.

land breeze and the warming of the Earth by the Sun involve heat flow. .NATURAL PHENOMENA INVOLVING HEAT FLOW y Natural phenomena such as sea breeze.

HEAT CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS y y y Substances which allow heat to pass through easily are called heat conductor. . Metals are heat conductors and non. substances that prevent heat from passing through are called heat insulators.metals are heat insulators. On the other hand .

It conducts heat to the clothes easily. It conductor heat very fast and thus heat up water in a short time. It conducts heat easily to the food that it contains. . y The cooling coils at the back of a refrigerator are made of metal . The mercury in a thermometer is a metal which can absorb and release heat easily.THE USES OF HEAT CONDUCTORS y y y y A heater is made of metal . The bottom of an iron is made of metal. They conduct heat to the surroundings easily. A pot is made of metal.

Ice is a heat insulators . Plastic and glass are heat insulator. An icebox is made of plastic. .THE USES OF HEAT INSULATORS y y y y y Igloos are houses built from ice by the Eskimos. such as wood and plastic. It traps heat inside an igloo. They protect our being injured by heat. Plastics and glass. We use them to protect our from hot surface. Heat insulator. Food or drinks kept inside the icebox will remain cooled because the heat from the surroundings cannot pass through the plastic wall of the icebox easily. They help to keep liquids in a vacuum flask hot or cold. Glove are made of heat-insulator material. A vacuum flask is made of plastics and glass . are used to make handles for irons and cooking utensils . Plastics are heat insulators.