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Presenter: Junaidah Mohamed Kassim
Introduction Problem Statement Objective Literature Review Research Methodology
export earner and provider of raw materials for the agrobased industries. Agriculture plays significant roles in the country s economic development like Malaysia functioning as food supplier. In a way to achieve the level of information society. . employment provider. lots of changes must be done in our life.Introduction The information Society is in general opinion about to force fundamental changes in business and private life.
in helping young farmers to pick the most suitable type of plants. the Department of Agriculture has provided a customer service centre to the farmers. about 280 500 ha (comprising 28% of the total peat area in the peninsular) are found in the west coast states . representing 32% of the total peat area. Thus. . Out of this. approximately 313 600 hectare (ha) of peat in Peninsular Malaysia have been developed for agriculture. Based on land use statistics.
. Expansion and advisory services in agriculture sector are required to assist farmers to achieve commercial status projects. The service is run by Farmers' Association and can be considered as an effort to transfer suitable current technology in agriculture or rearing livestock to the farmers. The current trend practice to all farmers in Malaysia now is the way like one way process. The advice will be given by Dr Pokok officer from Farmer Association Malaysia (LPP).
The purpose of this service are to increasing the farmers' competitiveness by reducing production cost and also increasing the farmers' knowledge in order to increase farm s production . But most of the farmers are not able to cope with the purpose because of lack of information in decision making. .
Problem Statement Irrelevance of the delivered information in decision making Inability of the system to cover all farmers Lack of resources (advices) to improve performance Unaccountability regarding advice given by the system .
Based on our problem background we derived our research question. stored. disseminate and transfer in agricultural domain? . Our questions are as follows: ± What attributes involved in decision making process in crops cultivation management? ± How to sure that all farmers get the right information at the right time? ± How collective knowledge are acquired.
choice of crops to be based on soil test and other information to help farmers to do decision making. This can be achieve by providing timely advice to the farmers in the following areas: pest warning and control. fertilizer use in terms of amount and timing. . The aim of this research is to develop an ontologybased advisory system for farmers to increase profitability by reducing time in decision making and reducing the cost of production. This study also determines the difficulty of decision making of farmers.
The Objectives are as follows: ± To collect and visualize the formalized agricultural knowledge that is used for practical advice in Rambutan cultivation. ± To formulate and design an advisory system framework to help farmers in decision making ± To develop a prototype and evaluate the framework. . ± To provide proactive crop advisory service in deciding Rambutan cultivating to the farmers.
We also can reduce the workload for Agriculture Experts (EA) to commute from one farm to another farm to monitor the crop.Research significance With this system. it is possible to provide latest expert advice in a timely manner to the farmer and thereby reduce the effect of the factors that disturb the crop. The status of the crop can be view from this system and at the same its provide advanced agricultural advice to the farming community. .
Literature Review Attribute/ features Focus E-Sagu (2007) y y PSS (2008) Advice to potential plant Tomato. pineapple. Farmers Farmers Crops adviser No Yes Combination server y DIAS y DAAC No Yes but very broad Yes but not maintain by agricultural expert y Data are from MARDI. mandarin orange. DOA and FAMA. of two Problem Solving Ontology vocabulary Result Decision technique Yes -support making or No decision Yes -support decision making No Yes with suggestion Rules based Yes . banana. papaya y y Pl@nteInfo (2000) Advice to farmers Crop management Personalized Expert y advice to farmers y All plant User Farmers Organization Expert Expert Advice Yes Personalization Yes but not all module Knowledge based Combination of Agricultural Data Warehouse and agricultural expert.support decision making No Yes with suggestion Cased based reasoning Rules based Yes with suggestion Case based reasoning Rules based .
Current scenario for farmer in Malaysia .
.Propose Framework : e-Peladang Agricultural information dissemination system. Double arrow indicates information flow.
if the farmers is facing with the pesticide problem.Techniques that can be used in your research We are using two techniques in the proposed system. . They can capture a picture and send it to system by describing the feature or problem to the system through personalization. farmer registration. pesticide. farm history and other data such as soil. The data or knowledge consist of crop photograph. Knowledge management ± The system has a repository of knowledge regarding Rambutan cultivation. Personalization . crop observation. ± This technique can help the farmers to personalize their problem to the system. and so on. For example. It is important to personalized in detail the situation or scenario facing by the farmers. weather.
.data sets availability We can have the data regarding the Rambutan s farmers and the cultivation from (Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development Institue (MARDI). Farmers Organization of Malaysia (LPP) and also from Ministry of Agriculture (MOA).
. MARDI and also MOA. the current approach in their decision making comes from the expert advice by LPP. But there is no integrated system to help them in decision making and also to monitor the growth of their crops. As what we know.Past research results for comparison and benchmarking The result will be compared using the current system used by the farmers in their current cultivating style and decision making.
. MARDI and MOA. all farmers will be observe again with same criteria and features but they use the proposed system @ framework. and help to solve the problem. which embedded the proposed framework Second phase. This experiment will be done to the Rambutan s Farmers in Perak Malaysia. all farmers will be observe through ± What they use in decision making in cultivating ± How do the expert advice them. The evaluation will be consist of ± ± ± ± The growth of the crops The way to solved the problems The way to express the problems The effectiveness of the framework . The selected farmers are based on recommendation by LPP. First phase. ± How do the farmers express their problem to the advisor? Methodology: Experimental procedures The farmers will be introduce and familiar to the prototype system.
. For example the farmers had a problem with the crops dealing with pesticide. fertilizer and weather or crops problem.Methodology: Experimental design number Design 2: One group pretest-posttest Design Sample : Rambutan farmers in Perak Treatment: Framework of e-peladang Observation: ± Through the growth of Rambutan within 3 months. The farmers will observe the growth of Rambutan before and after treatment (the size and the quality of the crops) ± Time completion in decision making to improve crops productivity before and after treatment. how does the system help then to solve the problem.
How does the crop growth and how do the farmers get an advice during that time? The second phase is after given the treatment. Then the farmers need to monitor the growth of those crops with-in 3 months. The same question will be ask to the farmers regarding the growth of crops and also the need of advice during cultivating. .Methodology how to organize The experiment will be divide into two phases. The first phase. the farmers use the current approach to do the cultivation. means the farmers has used the system to assist them to do decision making during cultivation.
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