Preliminary Study on Advisory System Framework in Agricultural Environment.

Presenter: Junaidah Mohamed Kassim

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduction Problem Statement Objective Literature Review Research Methodology

‡ Agriculture plays significant roles in the country s economic development like Malaysia functioning as food supplier. lots of changes must be done in our life. employment provider. export earner and provider of raw materials for the agrobased industries. .Introduction ‡ The information Society is in general opinion about to force fundamental changes in business and private life. ‡ In a way to achieve the level of information society.

about 280 500 ha (comprising 28% of the total peat area in the peninsular) are found in the west coast states [2]. the Department of Agriculture has provided a customer service centre to the farmers. in helping young farmers to pick the most suitable type of plants. ‡ Thus. ‡ Out of this.‡ Based on land use statistics. . representing 32% of the total peat area. approximately 313 600 hectare (ha) of peat in Peninsular Malaysia have been developed for agriculture.

‡ The current trend practice to all farmers in Malaysia now is the way like one way process. ‡ The service is run by Farmers' Association and can be considered as an effort to transfer suitable current technology in agriculture or rearing livestock to the farmers. The advice will be given by Dr Pokok officer from Farmer Association Malaysia (LPP). ‡ Expansion and advisory services in agriculture sector are required to assist farmers to achieve commercial status projects. .

. But most of the farmers are not able to cope with the purpose because of lack of information in decision making.‡ The purpose of this service are to increasing the farmers' competitiveness by reducing production cost and also increasing the farmers' knowledge in order to increase farm s production [3].

Problem Statement ‡ Irrelevance of the delivered information in decision making ‡ Inability of the system to cover all farmers ‡ Lack of resources (advices) to improve performance ‡ Unaccountability regarding advice given by the system .

disseminate and transfer in agricultural domain? .‡ Based on our problem background we derived our research question. stored. Our questions are as follows: ± What attributes involved in decision making process in crops cultivation management? ± How to sure that all farmers get the right information at the right time? ± How collective knowledge are acquired.

. ‡ This can be achieve by providing timely advice to the farmers in the following areas: pest warning and control. ‡ This study also determines the difficulty of decision making of farmers. choice of crops to be based on soil test and other information to help farmers to do decision making.‡ The aim of this research is to develop an ontologybased advisory system for farmers to increase profitability by reducing time in decision making and reducing the cost of production. fertilizer use in terms of amount and timing.

± To formulate and design an advisory system framework to help farmers in decision making ± To develop a prototype and evaluate the framework. ± To provide proactive crop advisory service in deciding Rambutan cultivating to the farmers. .‡ The Objectives are as follows: ± To collect and visualize the formalized agricultural knowledge that is used for practical advice in Rambutan cultivation.

‡ The status of the crop can be view from this system and at the same its provide advanced agricultural advice to the farming community. it is possible to provide latest expert advice in a timely manner to the farmer and thereby reduce the effect of the factors that disturb the crop. ‡ We also can reduce the workload for Agriculture Experts (EA) to commute from one farm to another farm to monitor the crop. .Research significance ‡ With this system.

pineapple. mandarin orange. of two Problem Solving Ontology vocabulary Result Decision technique Yes -support making or No decision Yes -support decision making No Yes with suggestion Rules based Yes . DOA and FAMA. banana. papaya y y Pl@nteInfo (2000) Advice to farmers Crop management Personalized Expert y advice to farmers y All plant User Farmers Organization Expert Expert Advice Yes Personalization Yes but not all module Knowledge based Combination of Agricultural Data Warehouse and agricultural expert. Farmers Farmers Crops adviser No Yes Combination server y DIAS y DAAC No Yes but very broad Yes but not maintain by agricultural expert y Data are from MARDI.Literature Review Attribute/ features Focus E-Sagu (2007) y y PSS (2008) Advice to potential plant decision making No Yes with suggestion Cased based reasoning Rules based Yes with suggestion Case based reasoning Rules based .

Current scenario for farmer in Malaysia .

Propose Framework : e-Peladang Agricultural information dissemination system. . Double arrow indicates information flow.

‡ Personalization . weather. farm history and other data such as soil. if the farmers is facing with the pesticide problem. They can capture a picture and send it to system by describing the feature or problem to the system through personalization.Techniques that can be used in your research ‡ We are using two techniques in the proposed system. and so on. farmer registration. For example. . ‡ Knowledge management ± The system has a repository of knowledge regarding Rambutan cultivation. The data or knowledge consist of crop photograph. ± This technique can help the farmers to personalize their problem to the system. It is important to personalized in detail the situation or scenario facing by the farmers. crop observation. pesticide.

.data sets availability ‡ We can have the data regarding the Rambutan s farmers and the cultivation from (Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development Institue (MARDI). Farmers Organization of Malaysia (LPP) and also from Ministry of Agriculture (MOA).

MARDI and also MOA.Past research results for comparison and benchmarking ‡ The result will be compared using the current system used by the farmers in their current cultivating style and decision making. But there is no integrated system to help them in decision making and also to monitor the growth of their crops. . the current approach in their decision making comes from the expert advice by LPP. ‡ As what we know.

MARDI and MOA.‡ . The selected farmers are based on recommendation by LPP. all farmers will be observe through ± What they use in decision making in cultivating ± How do the expert advice them. ‡ First phase. ‡ The evaluation will be consist of ± ± ± ± The growth of the crops The way to solved the problems The way to express the problems The effectiveness of the framework . ‡ This experiment will be done to the Rambutan s Farmers in Perak Malaysia. ± How do the farmers express their problem to the advisor? Methodology: Experimental procedures ‡ The farmers will be introduce and familiar to the prototype system. which embedded the proposed framework ‡ Second phase. all farmers will be observe again with same criteria and features but they use the proposed system @ framework. and help to solve the problem.

The farmers will observe the growth of Rambutan before and after treatment (the size and the quality of the crops) ± Time completion in decision making to improve crops productivity before and after treatment. fertilizer and weather or crops problem.Methodology: Experimental design number ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Design 2: One group pretest-posttest Design Sample : Rambutan farmers in Perak Treatment: Framework of e-peladang Observation: ± Through the growth of Rambutan within 3 months. . how does the system help then to solve the problem. For example the farmers had a problem with the crops dealing with pesticide.

How does the crop growth and how do the farmers get an advice during that time? ‡ The second phase is after given the treatment. Then the farmers need to monitor the growth of those crops with-in 3 months. means the farmers has used the system to assist them to do decision making during cultivation. The first phase. the farmers use the current approach to do the cultivation.Methodology how to organize ‡ The experiment will be divide into two phases. The same question will be ask to the farmers regarding the growth of crops and also the need of advice during cultivating. .

Peter S. 297}303 ICT roadmap in Malaysia .mosti. Salleh Hassan. B.pdf Md. Nurulwahidah Mohammad Azlan.. Marina Yusoff.. Number 2 (2009) Allan Leck Jensen *. www. Pages 195-211 Sofianita Mutalib. International Conference on Computational Sciences and Its Applications ICCSA 2008 . Plant Selection System. Pathak (2000). agric. Boll.K. (2000) 76. Musa Abu Hassan and Jeffrey Lawrence D Silva (2009) Developing Agriculture in Malaysia: Internet Utilization among Malaysian Youth Shuzlina Abdul Rahman dan Azlinah Mohamed (2008). October 2001.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Iver Thysen. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Volume 32. Agriculture in the Information Society. J. European Journal of Social Sciences Volume 11. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Elsevier 25 (2000) 271 293 Allan Leck Jensen (2001) Building a web-based information system for variety selection in field crops objectives and results. Issue 3./National%20ICT%20Roadmap%20for%20Malaysia. Engng Res. Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril. Pl@nteInfo® a web-based system for personalised decision support in crop management. Iver 2000.

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