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3.32 million km of road network, 2nd largest in the world.

65% of freight and 85% of passenger traffic. Growth rate 7 to 10% per annum, vehicle population growth -12% per annum. We drive on the left-hand side of the road, and the cars, including the rental cars are right-hand drive vehicles. All distances, speed limits (and speedometers) are in kilometers.



Enabling INDIA to have sustainable, efficient, safe and internationally comparable quality of road infrastructure in general and National Highways infrastructure in particular to achieve enhanced, quick connectivity, mobility to a level which accelerates and does not in any way constrain socio-economic http://www.indiatravelite.com/roadway/introduction1.htm development.

Development of a National Highways (NHs) Network in the country encompassing roads of international standards for uninterrupted flow of traffic with enhanced safety features. Enhanced connectivity for remote far flung and isolated areas, including North-East. Evolving policies for efficient and Safe transportation through the Road Network and facilitating their implementation. Establish arrangement for review of Road Transport requirements keeping in view the long term perspective. Improving road safety scenario in the country. Computerization of the procedure for regulating motor vehicular traffic.

1942 : The Department of War Transport was formed in July. 1957 : Re-named as Ministry of Transport & Communications. 1966 : Re-named as the Department of Transport, Shipping and Tourism in the Ministry of Transport and Aviation. 1985 : It became the Department of Surface Transport under the Ministry of Transport on 25 September. 2000 : It was bifurcated into two Ministries viz., Ministry of Shipping and Ministry of Road Transport & Highways on 17 November. 2004 : Both were mergedon 2nd September, intoasingleMinistryof Shipping,Road Transport & Highways, with two Departments,Department of Shipping and Department of Road Transport & Highways. Source: www.morth.nic.in

The Ministry has two wings: Roads wing and Transport wing

Deals with development and maintenance of National Roads wingthe country. Highway in Main responsibilities: The Ministry is responsible for: Planning, development and maintenance of National Highways in the country. Extends technical and financial support to State Governments for the development of state roads and the roads of inter-state connectivity and economic importance. Evolves standard specifications for roads and bridges in the country.

Serves as a repository of technical knowledge on roads and http://morth.nic.in/index1.asp?linkid=135&lan bridges.

Transport wing Deals with matter relating to Road Transport. Main responsibilities: The Ministry is responsible for: Motor Vehicle legislation, Administration of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 Taxation of motor vehicles, Compulsory insurance of motor vehicles, Administration of the Road Transport Corporations Act, 1950, Evolves road safety standards in the form of a National Policy on Road Safety and by preparing and implementing the Annual Road Safety Plan.


1 Development of National Highways (NHs) Infrastructure

2 Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for North-East Region (SARDP-NE) including Arunachal Pradesh Package. 3 Special Programme for Development of Roads in the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas. 4 Development of State Roads. 5 Efficient & Safe Transportation through the Road Network. 6 To set up model Inspection and Certification Centres 7 Strengthening public transport system 8 Establishing National Expressway Authority of India

Functions Development and maintenance of National Highways in the

country. Evolving standards and specifications for roads and bridges in the country. Approval of schemes of developments. To strengthen state transport departments by way of computerization. To strengthen data collection and analysis system. To provide assistance to the States to develop better infrastructure

Authorities responsible for different categories of roads are: Category of Roads National Highways State Highways and Major Highways Rural Roads and Urban Roads Authorities responsible

Central Government (through Ministry of Road Transport and Highways) State Governments (PWDs)

Rural Engineering Organisations, LocalAuthorities like Panchayats and Municipalities


Indian Road Network

Indian road network of 33 lakh Km.is second largest in the world and consists of :

Length(In Km) Expressways National Highways State Highways Major District Roads Rural and Other Roads Total Length 200 70,934 1,31,899 4,67,763 26,50,000 33 Lakhs Kms(Approx)

Comparative Statement of Progress in Road Sector : upto 8th plan and being done Now (1999-2007)
Construction of National Highways
National Highways Total (km) Upto 8th Plan Per year (km) Now (1999-2007) Per day (km) Upto 8th Plan Now (1999-2007)

Now Upto 8th Plan (1999-2007)

Single lane NH Equivalent






Expenditure (Rs)

7000 Crs

65,400 Crs

140 Crs

7300 Crs

38 Lakhs

20 Crs

Govt after coming to power (1998),launched an unprecedented and very courageou programme called National Highways Development Project (NHDP) for removing capacity constraints and improving all weather connectivity NHDP a dream project of Honble Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Behari Vajpeyee

Never before in the history of India has such a massive road construction work been taken up by any Govt.,except Sher Shah Suri, who visualized the Grand Trunk Road

Levy of Re 1 each as cess on sale of every liter of diesel and petrol for raising financial resources for NHDP Central Road fund Per annum approx to NHDP : Rs 2,000 Crores Rural Roads : Rs. 2,500 Crores State Roads : Rs. 1,000 Crores ROB & Safety : Rs. 300 Crores

Honble Prime Minister announces construction of North-South & East - West Corridors Task force headed by Dy. Chairman, Planning Commission constituted Task force decides on NHDP GQ : 5952* km + NSEW : 7300 km Foundation stone laid by Prime Minister ( at Devanhalli, Karnataka ) Govt., approves Phase I (Rs.30,300crs) Cess of Rs 1 per ltr on petrol levied in Union Budget for FY Cess of Rs 1 per ltr on diesel levied in Union Budget for FY

: Oct. 24, 1998 : Oct. 30,1998 : Dec. 9, 1998 : Jan. 2, 1999 : Dec.12, 2000 : 1998-1999 : 1999-2000


Sate wise National Highways Details


Employment Generated by Ministry

In 11th plan, planning commission has provided an outlay of Rs.1,07,359.00 crores. Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) is RS. 72,530.00 crores. Internal and Extra Budgetary Resource (IEBR) is RS.34,829.00 crores. Provided an Annual Outlay of Rs. 20,198.00 crores for Development.


The Indian Government has set ambitious plans for upgrading of the National Highways in a phased manner in the years to come. 4-laning of 10,000km (NHDP Phase- III) including 4,000km that has been already approved. An accelerated road development programme for the North Eastern region. 2-laning with paved shoulders of 20,000km of National Highways under NHDP Phase-IV. 6-laning of GQ and some other selected stretches covering 6,500km under NHDP Phase-V. Development of 1,000km of express ways under NHDP Phase-VI. Development of ring roads, bypasses, grade separators, service roads, etc. under NHDP Phase-VII.

Road Safety Rules

Don't use your mobile phone while driving Belt up in the back Don't drink and drive Always adhere to speed limits Take special care about children, senior citizens . Always observe and anticipate other road users. India follows left hand side driving. So be careful and look both ways while crossing the road.Do not drive if you cannot adapt to the left hand side driving.


Usage of waste thermal powder. Building up more connective highways. Ecofriendly. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA should be implemented properly .