Você está na página 1de 42

Halliburton Sperry-Sun

I ENCONTRO DE ENGENHARIA DE EXPLORAO E PRODUO DE PETRLEO UENF/CCT - LENEP Perfurao Direcional - MWD - LWD

Histria da Sperry-Sun
1929 - Inicio da Sperry-Sun 1939 - Inicio da Baroid Logging Systems 1978 - Inicio da NL MWD em pesquisas. 1979 - Sperry-Sun inicia atividades de Directional Drilling atravs da Cochran-Dean. 1980 - Sperry-Sun adquire a Russell Attitude Systems. 1981 - A NL Industries compra a Sperry-Sun. 1988 - Fuso estabelece a Sperry-Sun Drilling Services. 1994 - Fuso com a Dresser Industries, Inc. 1998 - Fuso Dresser / Halliburton.

Linha de Produtos e Servios Sperry-Sun

Perfurao Direcional MWD LWD Mud-Logging Multilateral

Perfurao Direcional

1 - PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
MOTORES DE FUNDO

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
MOTORES DE FUNDO

PERMITEM A ROTAO DA BROCA SEM GIRAR A COLUNA DE PERFURAO SO ACIONADOS PELA PASSAGEM DE FLUDO DE PERFURAO PELO SEU INTERIOR A ROTAO E O TORQUE SO FUNO DA VAZO DE FLUDO SO FERRAMENTAS FUNDAMENTAIS PARA DESVIO DE POOS

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
MTODOS DE DESVIO

WHIPSTOCK MOTOR CONVENCIONAL C/ BENT SUB MOTOR STEERABLE ROTARY STEERABLE TOOLS

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
MTODOS DE CONTROLE

TOTCO
FERRAMENTA QUE MEDE SOMENTE A INCLINAO DO POO

FERRAMENTAS MAGNTICAS E GIROSCPICAS


MEDEM A INCLINAO E A DIREO DO POO

MWD
FERRAMENTA QUE MEDE A INCLINAO E A DIREO DO POO DURANTE A PERFURAO

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POOS DIRECIONAIS

O ponto do reservatrio aonde se deseja atingir no est na vertical da cabea do poo.

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POOS DIRECIONAIS

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POOS HORIZONTAIS

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POOS HORIZONTAIS

1 - PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
PROJETOS (DESIGNER WELLS)

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POOS MULTILATERAIS

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
CONTROLE DE POOS BLOW OUT - SOLUES BLOW OUT DE LEO OU GUA :
TENTAR CIRCULAR FLUDO MAIS PESADO NO POO

BLOW OUT DE GS :
MTODO MAIS EFICIENTE A PERFURAO DE POO DE ALVIO

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POSICIONAMENTO DO POO TEMPLATES

PERFURAO DIRECIONAL
POSICIONAMENTO DO POO CLUSTER

MWD Measurement While Drilling

Sperry-Sun MWD - Aplicaes

Perfurao Direcional. Avaliaes de Formaes (substitui perfilagem cabo). Geosteering. Perfilagem de poos horizontais. Perfilagem de poos com grande afastamento.

Sperry-Sun MWD Histria de Liderana

Pioneira no mtodo Short Collar Primeira ferramenta de survey a cabo, 1968 Primeiro sensor comercial EWR, 1983 Primeira ferramenta comercial de Neutron Porosity, 1986 Primeira ferramenta comercial Density Porosity, 1988 Primeira ferramenta comercial Resistividade com Multiplas Profundidades de Investigao, 1992 Primeira ferramenta comercial 4-3/4 MWD Resistivity, 1994 Primeira ferramenta comercial Pressure While Drilling, 1995 Primeira ferramenta comercial Dipole Sonic, 1999

Sistemas de Measurement-While-Drilling
SOLAR 175 tool (Dir, GR, PWD service) 3-3/8 to 9-1/2 Slim Phase 4 tool (Dir, GR, Res, Neu, Den, DDS sensor) 4-3/4

DWD (+) (Dir, GR, PWD service) 3 to 9-1/2

MWD

EM-MWD (Dir, GR, PWD service) 3-1/2, 4-3/4, 6-1/2

FEWD (-) (Dir, GR, Res, Neu, Den, DDS sensor, ABI sensor 6-3/4, 8, 9-1/2

Slim Phase 4 tool (Dir, GR, Res, Neu, Den, DDS sensor) 4-3/4

MWD Measurement While Drilling


Surface Computer Rig Floor Readout

Poppet

Impeller NGP

MWD Motor

PM

MWD - Telemetry Systems

ls e t ls st - Eletr m et

EWD ( WD) DWD (MWD)

Positive Pulse System


Pulser Generator 38" Telemetry Module 32" 3" Gamma Module 68" 3" Directional Module 62" 3"

Interconnect Rotational Connector Centralizers End Cap

Negative Pulse System

Inclination & Highside Toolface


Magnetic North arths Gravitational Field Vertical

Inclination: Toolface:

Position Monitor Principle of Operation


Accelerometer/Gravity

Magnetometer/ Earths Field Inclination Gx, Gy, Gz Azimuth Toolface Toolface Alignment Bx, By, Bz Gx, Gy or Bx, By

Probe Axis

Directional Measurements Surveying & Steering


Measure tools orientation with respect to:  Earths gravitational field (triaxial accelerometers)  Earths magnetic field (triaxial magnetometers) Compute: Inclination  Azimuth  Toolface (highside, magnetic)


Quad Combo Capability


Gamma Ray - DGR Resistivity - EWR4 Density - SLD Neutron - CNP Dipole Sonic BAT Directional

FEWD Tool Combinations


CN* service sensor SLD service sensor

Pulser

X/O

PM

CIM

EWR sensor

DGR sensor

53 Ft

EWR-PHASE 4 sensor

12 Ft

DGR (Dual Gamma Ray) Sensor


Formation Formation

Drill Collar

Gamma Ray Detectors

K Th U

EWR-PHASE 4 Sensor
Far Receiver Near Receiver 2 MHz Transmitters 1 MHz Transmitter

Measure Point

12

12

Sperry-Sun Porosity Tools


Density Porosity
SLD Stabilized Litho-Density 2nd Generation Density for Sperry 3d Generation under development

Neutron Porosity
CNP 6 3/4, 8) 1st Generation, introduced 1987
1st Generation, Geiger Mueller GM) tubes Detect gamma rays from capture of thermal neutrons

CTN 4 3/4) introduced in 1997


2nd generation, He3 proportional counters Direct detection of thermal neutrons

CN Sensor Schematic
Near Detector Far Detector

Source

Near 1

Near 0

Far 1

Far 0

Drill Collar

Near Detector

Far Detector

SLD (Stabilized Lithology Density) Tool


Cesium 137 Source Low Density Windows Stabilizer

Tungsten Shield

Near Detector

Far Detector

Tungsten Bore Liner

BAT Tool Description


Receivers Bulk Isolators Wearband

Wearband

Isolation Rings

Transmitters

Tool sizes: 4 3/4, 6 3/4, 8, & 9 1/2 2 opposed transmitters (front and back) Dual frequency, dipole mode 14 receivers (7 front and 7 back)

At-Bit Sensors
ABI (At-Bit Inclination)
Static, Dynamic Inclination - 18 from bit Acoustic Stress-Wave Short-Hop
Lower Marine Bearing Upper Half

Motor RPM Motor & Stand-Alone Sub Configurations

Transmitter

Battery Pack Pressure Sleeve

6 1/2, 6 3/4, 8, 9 5/8 sizes

At-Bit Sensors ABI (At-Bit Inclination)


On the Fly Inclination

95 90
P u mp O s R f x n I c

85 80 5300

5500

5700

5900
P M I

6100 Live ABI

6300 PM

6500

Pumps Off ABI

PWD Sensor

Annular Port

lectronics Section

Transducer Section

Annular Pressure Gauge

Broad Functional Specifications Standalone modular sub

SectionB-B B-B Internal Gauge Port

High accuracy (s 0.05%, s12psi) quartz pressure gauges

Dual Transducer (Internal and Annulus measurements) Real-time, recorded, and pumps-off data. On pumps up,
tool transmits avg, max, min pressure for Pumps off interval

Port Annular Gauge

Operating to 175C, 22,500psi

PWD Applications - Hole Cleaning



26 265 27 275 28 75 15 225 3 16 1 62 16

12:30 13:00 13:30 14:00 14:30 15:00 15:30 16:00 16:30 17:00 17:30 18:00 18:30 19:00 19:30 20:00 20:30

Change Suction Dampeners on Pumps 1&2

Cuttings Load 21:00 Appears at Surface


21:30 22:00 22:30

Begin Rotary Drilling ECD Jumps due to Pipe Rotation

Bit Depth

metres

75

15

22 5

Time

75

15

225

Flow In

litre per min

Cuttings Load

Kg/10secs

String Rotary

rev per min

Equivalent Mud Weight


sg
1 66 1 68 17

Steering ECD 1.63sg


Rotary Drill ECD 1.65sg

Start of Long Steering Interval

ECD Drops as Cuttings Fall out of Suspension

ECD Increase as Cuttings are Re-suspended

ECD Decreases as Cuttings are Removed from the Annulus

Innovative Services
- ADT - LaserStrat - Resolution 3D - Stratasteer