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MECHANICS You will play with your groupmates and stay in a designated place.

. Only one member of each group will be allowed to play at a time. The group will choose the order in which their members will play. A member must answer w/in 10 seconds.

Youll getMECHANICS the corresponding point if you answer correctly. The group that gets the highest score wins the game. Your total score corresponds to a certain number of points. This will be considered as part of your class standing.

A players MECHANICS as long turn will continue as he/she gets the correct answer. If a member fails to answer the question correctly, his/her turn will end and the next member in the list will play during the groups next turn. Each group is allowed TWO PASSES wherein a player can pass the question to the next player in their group.

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The study of life.

What is biology?

A systematic body of knowledge based on facts and observations.

What is science?

A logical and orderly procedure of investigation.

What is the scientific method?

The basic unit of life which exhibits all the characteristics of life.

What is the cell?

The smallest unit of an element which retains its chemical properties.

What is the atom?

Nonliving things.

What is an abiotic factor?

Living things.

What is a biotic factor?

The chief energy-storing molecule used by organisms which is made up of adenine, ribose, and three phosphate groups.

What is Adenosine triphosphate or ATP?

DAILY DOUBLE

An energy storing molecule which is made up of adenosine, ribose and two phosphate groups.

What is Adenosine diphosphate or ADP?

The amount of ATP produced in one second.

What are 10 million ATPs?

The backbone of organic molecules.

What is carbon?

Carbon containing molecules which make up living things.

What is an organic compound?

Small, simple substances without a carbon backbone.

What is an inorganic compound?

Study of animals.

What is zoology?

Study of plants.

What is botany?

Study of inheritance of traits.

What is genetics?

Study of microorganisms.

What is microbiology?

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Has a cell membrane and a cell wall.

What is a plant cell?

This organelle is a storage site in a cell.

What is a vacuole?

Supports and protects the cell.

What is a cell wall?

This organelle is the cells control center that holds the majority of the cells DNA.

What is a nucleus?

A scale devised to indicate the concentration of H+ ions in a solution.

What is the pH scale?

This organelle transforms energy; it is the powerhouse of the cell that also contains some DNA.

What is the mitochondria?

This organelle digests material and is often called the cells recycling center.

What is the lysosome?

This organelle sorts and transports things made in the cell.

What is the Golgi complex?

This organelle makes proteins and is connected to part of the ER.

What is the ribosome?

This maintains homeostasis within the cell by allowing selective transport across it.

What is the cell membrane?

Responsible for the production of lipids.

What is the SER?

A shorthand method for describing the chemical composition of a compound.

What is chemical formula?

It is a component of water and is important for cellular respiration.

What is oxygen?

The combined mass of an atoms protons and neutrons.

What is atomic mass?

An element that is a component of bones and teeth.

What is calcium?

The total number of protons in an atom.

What is atomic number?

DAILY DOUBLE

Forces of attraction that hold two or more atoms together to form a compound and also stores energy.

What is a chemical bond?

It is made up of two or more atoms of the same element.

What is a chemical compound?

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Proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids.

What are biomolecules (organic molecules)?

Gives off hydronium ions/hydrogen ions in solutions.

What is an acid?

Shows the relative acidity or alkalinity of a solution.

What is a pH scale?

The raw materials and the products of lightdependent reactions that will be used in the Calvin-Benson cycle.

What is water and sunlight (raw materials) and oxygen, ATP, and NADPH (products)?

The stage common to both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

What is glycolysis?

The final acceptor of electrons stripped off from NADH2 and FADH2.

What is oxygen?

Accumulation of this leads to muscle fatigue.

What is lactic acid?

Oxidation of acetylCoenzyme A.

What is Krebs Cycle?

Products when yeast cells ferment grape juice.

What are alcohol and carbon dioxide?

This carbohydrate is the most readily available source of energy.

What is glucose?

The alternate source of electrons and hydrogens during the light-dependent reactions.

What is the splitting of water?

The four stages of the ATP Cycle.

What are storing energy, releasing energy, depleting energy, and creating ATP?

Before entering Krebs Cycle, the pyruvate molecule is first converted to _________?

What is Acetyl Coenzyme A?

C6H12O6+6O2 6CO2+6H20+ energy?

What is the equation for cellular respiration?

6CO2+6H20+light C6H12O6+O2 ?

What is the cellular respiration?

Multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes.

What are plants?

The number of ATP produced per stage of cellular respiration.

What are glycolysis (2), krebs cycle (2), etc (32)?

Cellular characteristics or features of plants.

What are: chloroplasts starch vacuole cell wall

Difference between bryophytes and tracheophytes.

What are true vascular tissue and lignin (trachephytes)?

Difference between ferns and seed plants.

What are seeds and pollens (seed plants)?

Ancestral algae.

What is the evolutionary ancestor of plants?

Difference between angiosperms and gymnosperms.

What are flowers (angiosperms)?

Seedless vascular plants.

What are pteridophytes?

Seed plants.

What are angiosperms and gymnosperms?

Has the following dominant features: dominant sporophyte, most lack true roots, stems, and leaves, and primitive vascular tissues

What are seedless vascular plants?

Types of concentration solutions and their effects on animal and plant cells.

What are:
Isotonic (normal plant and animal cell shape) Hypotonic (animal and plant cell will swell) Hypertonic (animal and plant cell will shrink) Very hypotonic (animal cell will burst, plant cell will become turgid)

Nonvascular plants (liverworts, hornworts, mosses).

What are bryophytes?

They are short, lack elaborate vascular tissue, no true leaves, roots, or stems, has dominant gametophyte and flagellated sperm

What are bryophytes?

The problems of plant transition to land and their adaptations.

What are:
Desiccation (waxy cuticle) impermeability of the cuticle to gases (stomata) Absence of structural support (lignin) Source of water and nutrients (from soil by vascular systems) Fertilization and dispersal without a liquid medium (agents of pollination like air etc)

Features shared by plants and algae (charopyceans).

What are:
Primary endosymbiosis (double membrane around chloroplast) Photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids) Starch storage in plastids Production of cell walls from cellulose Cell plate formation during cell division Sporic life cycle

Unique characteristics of terrestial plants that resulted from their evolution.

What are:
Vascular tissues Alternation of multicellular generations Multicellular gametangia Walled spores produced in sporangia Multicellular, dependent embryos

Trends in plant evolution.

What are: Increasing adaptation to a terrestrial environment Progressive reduction of gametophyte, increasing dominance of sporophyte Increased protection (esp. of reproductive parts) Increased height, structural strength, and more complex transport tissues