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GSM Channels

GSM Channels
Physical Channel
One time slot on one carrier is called physical channel.

Logical Channel
Information carried by physical channels is called logical Channels. Logical channels are mapped on physical channels.

Logical Channels
Traffic channels: Used for speech and data
Full Rate(TCH/F)

Half Rate(TCH/H)

Control channels: Used for signaling .i.e.


setting up a radio connection, call or controlling an MS during conversation BCH(Broadcast channels) CCCH(common control channels) DCCH(dedicated control channels)

Traffic Channels(TCH)

Traffic Channels(TCH)
TCH/F (full Rate) TCH/H (half Rate)

Control Channels(CCH)
CCH(Control Channel)

BCH

CCCH

DCCH

BCCH

Synch. Chanels FCCH

RACH

CBCH

SDCCH

ACCH

SCH

PCH/ AGCH

FACCH

SACCH

BCH(Broadcast Channels)
BCCH(Broadcast Control Channels)
Downlink Only. Broadcast information of the serving cell (System Information). Transmitted on timeslot zero of BCCH carrier. Reads only by idle mobile at least once every 30 secs.

BCH(Broadcast Channels) contd


SCH(Synchronisation Channels)
Downlink Only Carries information for frame synchronisation. Contains frame number and BSIC(Base Station Identity Code).

BCH(Broadcast Channels) contd


FCCH(Frequency Correction Channels)
Downlink Only. Enable MS to synchronies to the frequency.

CCCH(Common Control Channel)


RACH(Random Access Channel)
Uplink only. Used by the MS when making its first access to the Network. The reason for access could be initiation of a call or a page response.

CCCH(Common Control Channel) contd


AGCH(Assess Grant Channel)
Downlink only. Used for acknowledgement of the access attempt sent on RACH. Used by the network to assign a signaling cannel upon successful decoding of access bursts.

CCCH(Common Control Channel) contd


PCH(Paging Channel)
Downlink only. The network will page the MS ,if there is a incoming call or a short Message. It contains the MS identity number, the IMSI or TMSI.

DCCH(Dedicated Control Channel)


SDCCH (Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel)
Uplink and Downlink. Used for call setup, authentication, ciphering location update and SMS.

DCCH(Dedicated Control Channel) contd


SACCH(Slow Associated Control Channel)
Downlink and Uplink. Used to transfer signal while MS have ongoing conversation on traffic or while SDCCH is being used. On the forward link, the SACCH is used to send slow but regularly changing control information to each mobile on that ARFCN, such as power control instructions and specific timing advance instructions

SACCH(Slow Associated Control Channel) contd


The reverse SACCH carries information about the received signal strength and quality of the TCH, as well as BCH measurement results from neighboring cells.

DCCH(Dedicated Control Channel) contd


FACCH(Fast Associated Control Channel)
Downlink and uplink. Associate with TCH only. It is used to send fast message like hand over message. Work by stealing traffic bursts.

Mapping on Physical Channels


The Logical channels are mapped on the physical channels. The TDMA frames are grouped together into multi-frame.
26 TDMA multi-frame for Traffic. 51 TDMA multi-frame for control signal.

Channel Combination
Combined
All the controlling signals are in the time slot 0 of the Multi-frame.

Non Combined
Dedicated controlling signals are in time slot 1 of the Multi-frame.

Combined
Cell with single carrier.
Timeslot 0 :BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH. Timeslot 1-7 :TCH/FACCH+SACCH.

Non Combined
Cell with Two carrier
Timeslot 0 (of carrier 1) BCCH+CCCH. Timeslot 1 (of carrier1) SDCCH+SACCH. Timeslot 2-7 & 0-7(of both carriers) TCH/FACCH+SACCH.

Combined Multi-frame
Mapping of All Control Channel on Timeslot 0 of The multi-frame.
BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH in Timeslot 0

BCCH/CCH Combined Multi-frame Downlink


50
A1 A0
A2 A3

101 IDEL SACCH 91


D3

40
D3 D2

SCH SDCCH

D2

CCCH 30
D1 D0
D1 D0

81 BCCH

FCCH
71

20

10

61

Mapping of logical channel on Timeslot 0


0 51

BCCH/CCH Combined Multi-frame Uplink


D2

50

D2

101 SACCH

D1 D0

D1

40

D0

SDCCH

FACH 30

20

A2

A3

10
A0

A1

Mapping of logical channel on Timeslot 0


51

D3

D3

NON Combined Multi-frame


Mapping of All Control Channels on
Timeslot 0 and 1of The multi-frame.
BCCH+CCCH in Timeslot 0 SDCCH+SACCH in Timeslot 1

BCCH/CCH Non combined Multi-frame Downlink


50

40

Idle CCCH

30

SCH FCCH

20

BCCH

10

Mapping of logical channel On Timeslot 0


0

BCCH/CCH Non combined Multi-frame Uplink


50

40 RACH

30

20

10

Mapping of logical Channel on Timeslot 0

DCCH Non combined Multi-frame Downlink


50 48
A3
A7

101 99 95
A6

44
A2

40
A1
A5

91

IDLE SACCH

36
A0
A4

87
SDCCH 83
D7

32
D7

28
D6
D6

79 75
D5

24
D5

20
D4
D4

71 67
D3

16
D3

12
D2
D2

63
59
D1

8
D1

4
D0
D0

55 51

Mapping of logical channel on Timeslot 1

DCCH Non combined Multi-frame uplink


A0 D7

50 47

A4 D7

101 96 92

43
D6
D6

39
D5
D5

88 84
D4

35
D4

IDLE SACCH SDCCH

31
D3
D3

82
78
D2

27
D2

23
D1
D1

74 70
D0

19
D0

15 12
A1 A2
A7

66 63 59
A6

8 4

55
A5

A1

51

Mapping of logical channel on Timeslot 1