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Hands-On Microsoft

Windows Server 2003

Chapter 2
Installing Windows Server
2003, Standard Edition
Preparing for Installation
• Identify hardware requirements and
compatibility.
• Choose a file system.
• Choose a licensing mode.
• Decide which protocols to install.
• Determine domain or workgroup
membership.

2
Hardware Compatibility

• Make sure computer meets (exceeds) the minimums

• Check the Hardware Compatibility List

– http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/hcl/search.mspx
3
Determining Disk Partitioning
Options
• During install you can
perform the following
partitioning steps:

– Create a new partition


on an unpartitioned
hard disk.
– Create a new partition
on a partitioned hard
disk
– Install on an existing
partition
– Delete an existing
partition
• NOTE: As a general rule of thumb, it is
good practice to wipe a disk before starting
the install (FDISK /MBR)
4
Choosing a File System

• Windows Server 2003


supports FAT16,
FAT32, and NTFS.

• NTFS is recommended because of advanced features such as:


– Security and encryption
– File compression
– Disk Quotas
– POSIX support
– Indexing
• NTFS is required for hosting Active Directory. 5
File Systems (cont.)
• Use the convert utility to move from FAT32 to
NTFS after installation.

6
Choosing a Licensing Mode
• Purchase a client access license (CAL) after installation.
– CAL’s give a client permission to connect to a
Windows Server 2003 computer.

• Two licensing modes:


– Per server
– Per seat

• Per seat is preferred for companies with more than one


server.

7
Making a Protocol Selection
• The default
protocol setup:

– TCP/IP with
an assumed
DHCP
server

• Additional protocols can be configured after installation.

• NetBEUI is not supported by Windows Server 2003 or by


Windows XP Professional.

8
Determining Membership
• Workgroup
– Provide name of workgroup.

• Domain
– Provide DNS name of domain.
– Create a computer account.
– Verify that one domain controller and DNS
server are present.

9
Types of Installations
• Upgrades
– possible from the following:
• Windows NT Server 4.0 (running Service Pack 5 or higher)
• Windows 2000 Server

• Steps to begin upgrade:


• Boot the current OS.
• Insert the installation CD-ROM.
• Choose the Upgrade option on the Setup screen.
• Keep existing settings and applications.

10
Types of Installation
• CD-ROM Installation

– Verify that the computer’s BIOS boots from


CD-ROM.
– Insert installation CD-ROM into drive.
– Turn off power.
– Turn on power and boot from CD-ROM.
– Setup will start

11
Types of Installation
• Unattended Installation
– with an “answer file”
– Use a text editor or Setup Manager Wizard
– Types
• Network unattended install with UNATTENDED.TXT
• CD ROM based unattended install with WINNT.SIF
– Option to specify components
• Cmdlines.txt file to specify post installation commands
• $OEM$ to store additional programs and drivers
• Cloning
– Sysprep.exe for similar hardware
– Syspart.exe for dissimilar hardware

12
WINNT and WINNT32 Switches
Some Examples

• /s
– Specifies location of
installation files

• /checkupgradeonly
– Checks compatibility

• /?
– Command-line Help

13
Installing and Managing Service
Packs

• Check MS Site regularly for updates and


hotfixes.

– Windows Update Catalogue (http://


www.windowsupdate.com)

– Security Bulletin Search


(http://www.microsoft.com/technet)

14
Creating an Automated System
Recovery Set
• An ASR set contains two
components for system
recovery:

– Backup of all system files


(1.5 GB or more)
– Backup of system settings
(approx. 1.44 MB)

• ASR does not back up


application data files.

• Make a new ASR set each


time there is an important
change to the server.
15
Install the server
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TODAY WE WILL BE RUNNING AN UNATTENDED CD BASED INSTALL USING A WINNT.SIF FILE.

PLEASE FOLLOW THESE STEPS:

• Edit the WINNT.SIF on the floppy. Change the Computer Name and Workgroup settings so that
your server will have unique settings. See if you can FIND THE ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD for
the server in the WINNT.SIF file.

• DISCONNECT YOUR COMPUTER FROM THE NETWORK!!!!

• Select a drive with a Windows Admin label on it. Label it with your name. FDISK /MBR it.

• Begin the install by booting your station with the Windows 2003 Server CD in the CD drive.
Insert the WINNT.SIF floppy disk immediately after the “Press any key to boot to CD” or right
before the blue screen comes up.

• When prompted to partition your drive - DO NOT USE ALL THE SPACE ON THE DRIVE. Use
about 50% for the OS install and format it as NTFS (you can use Quick Format if you want).

IF YOU INSERTED THE WINNT.SIF AT THE RIGHT TIME, YOUR INSTALL WILL COMPLETE WITHOUT ANY 16
ADDITIONAL PROMPTS. TAKE A BREAK!!