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Fast Facts

Capital : Ankara Largest Cities : Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya Official Name : Republic of Turkey Date of Foundation : 29 October 1923

Area : 814.578 sq. kms. Coastal Borders : Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north

Language : The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.
Currency : TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,30 Turkish Liras.

Time Zone : GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7

Business Hours : The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM. Public Holidays : Eid (Ramadan): 30 August 1st September 2011 Greater Eid: 7-9 November 2011

Health Services : private inter national and public hospitals with good standards. Food : As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.

Communications : Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country.
International Dial Code : +90 National airlines : Turkish Airlines (THY)

Main airports : Ataturk International Airport & Sahiba Gokcen International Airport

Interesting facts
* Trojan Wars took place in western Turkey * One of the seven wonders, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus today only base ruins remained in Bodrum, Mugla * One of the seven wonders, The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (today only base ruins remained in Selcuk, Izmir) * One of the first most accurate world maps were drawn by the wellknown Turkish cartographer and navigator Piri Reis in 16th century. * Part of Turkeys south western shore was a wedding gift from Mark Antony to Cleopatra.

* smallpox vaccination - introduced to England and Europe from Turkey

* Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Golden Horn, an inlet at the mouth of the Bosphorus * only city in the world located on two continents Istanbul (been the capital of three great empires for more than 2,000 years) * The worlds oldest known settlement is in Catalhoyuk in central Anatolia, Turkey, and dates back to 6,500 BC

* St Nicolas the original Santa Claus was born in Patara in Turkey and has a church dedicated to him in Demre.

General Tourism Statistics About Turkey

Data for Turkish Tourism in 2010

28.6 millions of international tourist arrivals 20.8 billion $ of tourism receipts

General Statistics About the Tourism Turkey Capacity

48 airports with annual 50-million- passenger capacity 16 airports open to international flights 8 airlines carrying passengers with scheduled and nonscheduled navigations Turkish Airlines with 130 planes, one of the youngest fleet in Europe 28 Marinas with 8800-yacht capacity

9000 Licensed Tourist Guides

5600 travel agencies

An amazing historical heritage of civilisations 258 beaches and 13 marinas with blue flag since 2008 34 Thermal Tourism Centers in 17 Provinces 20 Winter Sports Tourism Centers 22 Highland Tourism Centers in 10 Provinces

33 official National Parks

16 official Natural Parks 58 official Nature Monuments 35 official Natural Protection Areas 14 Clubs and hotels with golf fields

Famous cities of Turkey

Turkeys largest city (approx. 12 million population)

countrys undisputed cultural and financial centre

European Capital of Culture in 2010 only city in the world that straddles two continents

surrounded by the waters of the Bosphorus

former capital of three great empires, Eastern Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman centuries-old palaces, castles, mosques, churches and other monuments are present here cutting-edge international film and music festivals, designer shops and chic restaurants and bars

Grand Bazaar
one of the world's largest covered marketplaces grew over the ages into a sprawling labyrinth of commerce thousands of shops on more than 50 streets

alongside intermittent fountains, wells, mosques and other similar attractions

seems to hold the lifeblood of Istanbul Timings : Monday to Saturday - 09:00 to 19:00 Istanbul tourist attraction admission: free

Dolmabahce Sarayi
built in the 19th century by Adbul Mecit Known for bankrupting the Ottoman Empire evocative blend of Turkish, European and even Hindu architectural styles, with an equally opulent interior Timings : Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday to Sunday 09:00 to 16:00 Istanbul tourist attraction admission: charge

Princes' Islands
Located off Istanbul's Asian shore

collection of nine islands

Residents of Istanbul tend to refer to the nearby Princes' Islands as simply the 'Adalar', which translates as 'The Islands

over 20 km / 12 miles to the south-east and lying within the Sea of Marmara
offer a long and interesting history, with attractions such as Victorian villages and hilltop chapels

Regular ferry trips connect the main resorts of the Princes' Islands, such as Bostanci, Burgazada, Eminonu, Heybeliada and Kinaliada

Buyukada (Great Island) is the biggest of all the islands peace, quiet and tranquility offered around almost every corner

locals regularly retreat to these islands for picnics, beach-side attractions and general respite
Cosy rental homes, along with a number of historic buildings

transportation consists of horse-drawn carriages and bicycles

Automobiles are prohibited Opens daily Istanbul tourist attraction admission: free

Turkeys capital and second-largest city (pop. 4.5 million)
seat of government and diplomacy a university town with a large student population

Built up largely after it became the capital in 1923

the city boasts modern architecture and infrastructure, museums and concert halls Many attractions in the city gives visitors an excellent background for understanding the many layers of Turkeys history.

Tourist attractions in Ankara

Aquapark Club Watercity

Watercity is ideal for families

collection of water slides and indoor and outdoor children's pools park also comes with a good range of sports facilities and related attractions

has a good restaurant and a caf

The Aquapark is just outside Ankara in Glbasi accessible by dolmus (shared taxi)

Timings : daily - 10:00 to 19:00

Ankara tourist attraction admission: charge, discount for children

Roman Baths
Situated on Cankiri Caddesi

the Roman Baths date back to the 3rd century AD

well maintained You can clearly see the heating system for the baths, as well as the dressing room (apoditerium), the hot room (caldarium), the warm room (tepidarium), and the cold room (frigidarium) Beneath the baths are 7th century BC remains from the Phrygian period Timings : daily - 08:30 to 12:00 and 13:00 to 15:30 Ankara tourist attraction admission: charge

Temple of Augustus and Rome

closed to the public due to its state of disrepair built in 10 AD by the Galatians retains the best-preserved copy of the Deeds of Deified Augustus (Res Gestae Divi Augusti), which detail the Roman Empire The Romans revamped the temple in the 2nd century 2,000 years of weather and seismic activity have taken their toll on this rather ancient attraction Plans to restore the temple are underway

opens daily
Ankara tourist attraction admission: view from exterior only


Turkeys third-largest city second most important port attractively tumbling down the hillside to its idyllic bay full of fish restaurants A convenient base for visits to ancient Ephesus and Pergamum also a busy commercial centre that enjoys a year-round temperate climate palm-lined promenades and avenues follow the shoreline cosmopolitan and lively atmosphere all year round Izmir bursts with an added vibrancy during the International Arts Festival and the International Fairs.

Izmirs tourist attractons

Izmir Bird's Paradise / Bird National Park The Izmir Bird's Paradise in the Cigli district is close to the area of Karsiyaka a bird watcher's haven boasts more than 200 different species of birds, which are both native and migratory

The park itself covers around 19,770 acres / 8,000 hectares

has remained a protected nature reserve since the early 1990s Many walking trails are on hand and provide the best vantage points available opens daily - seasonal attractions Izmir tourist attraction admission: charge

Teleferic (Teleferik) Very famous cable cars In operation since the late seventies the Teleferic transports literally hundreds of passengers each day

climbs to a height of more than 420 metres / 1,380 feet

At the hilltop, a selection of attractions await, including eateries and shops selling all kinds of Turkish souvenirs opens daily Izmir tourist attraction admission: charge

Culture Park and Zoo (Kultur Park Alani / Kulturpark)

Culture Park is best known locally as Kultur Park

provides a very important green space in the city, next to Kahramaniar and Mimarsinan
offers plenty of respite and family related attractions you will discover Turkey's most historic zoo, which encompasses just under 5 acres / 2 hectares in total filled with exotic creatures from around the world, with some 90 species on display enjoys high annual visitor numbers, which are rapidly approaching half a million includes two prominent art galleries, the Museum of Art and History and also the Museum of Arts and Sculpture opens daily - seasonal variations Izmir tourist attraction admission: free, charge for zoo

The city of Ephesus is virtually dotted with historical spots, which you must see during your visit. Apart from the ruins there are fountains, libraries, and pools all over the city.

Church of Virgin Mary

This is the first church, which was dedicated to Virgin Mary who had spent the twilight years of her life in Ephesus It housed the 3rd Ecumenical council

had remained an important seat of Christianity since then

During Emperor Justinian`s rule, the church underwent some reconstruction

a centrally planned chapel was included in the existing structure.

Temple of Artemis

The temple of Artemis (Diana) was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world temple of the virgin God of Nature 115m long housed 127 columns of which 36 faade columns were decorated with relics.

constructed during the reign of Augustus
served as an Exchange and was thus devoted to commerce It is a typical Roman structure 165m in length

contains columns with 1st century A.D. bulls` heads.

Visa requirements
Tourist Passport valid at least six months 1 Visa from 1 photograph with white background Covering Letter for stating purpose of visit Return confirm ticket Hotel Confirmation Foreign Exchange or International Credit card copy bank statements last six months Tax returns last three years If Employed Letter from employer stating No Objection for Travel, salary slips last three months

Business Passport valid at least six months 1 Visa from 1 photographs with white background Covering Letter for stating purpose of visit from company Business invitation letter from Turkey Indian Company Registration Certificate Return confirm ticket Hotel Confirmation Foreign Exchange or International Credit card copy bank statements last six months Personal and Company both Tax returns last three years Personal and Company both If Employed Letter from employer stating No Objection for Travel, salary slips last three months

Transit Visa documents same as tourist Visa Fee Tourist Rs. 2700.00 (Single Entry) Rs. 8550.00 (Multiple Entry) Business Rs. 2700.00 (Single Entry) Rs. 8550.00 (Multiple Entry) Transit Rs. 3500.00 (Single Entry) Rs. 5300.00 (Double Entry ) Rs. 8550.00 (Multiple Entry)

Processing Time Tourist : 02-03 Working Days Business : 02-03 Working Days Transit : 02-03 Working Days

Diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels to Turkey up to 90 days Ordinary, Special and Service passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey Ordinary, Special and Service passport holders with a valid Schengen, UK or US visas may get their one month single entry visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival

Turkish Cuisine
Turkish breakfast - bread, beyaz peynir (white cheese, similar to feta), butter, honey or jam and Turkish tea also often include boiled eggs or menemen (omelette), olives, tomato & cucumber salad and sliced beef sausages lunch or dinner - soup or meze hummus and dolma to kalamar and aubergine dips.

Fast Food Brek - filled fried or baked filo pastry simit - bread ring poaga (buns) are popular snacks Alcoholic Drinks Rak - a clear, strong aniseed based spirit, sometimes known as lions milk; turning cloudy when water, ice or soda is added.

Non-Alcoholic Drinks vine (sour cherry juice) eftali (peach) ayran - a salted yoghurt drink ay (tea) is flavoursome and aromatic when freshly brewed.

Thank YOU

Presented by:
Mandeep Kaur Chahal Preetpal Kaur Rjwinder Kaur Kiranpreet Kaur Ravinder Singh

Bsc(ATHM)-2nd Year