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ERP (Enterprise resource

planning)
• ERP is a software application that helps an
organization
 to integrate its various functions
 to make optimum utilization of management
resources and
 improve its process efficiency.
• ERP delivers a single database that
contains all data for the software
modules.
• ERP ensures that data entered in any
one of the functional module is made
available to other module that need
the data.
• This improves the consistency and
integrity of data
• It standardized and reduced the
number of software specialties
ERP ARCHITECTURE
• It is multi layered consists of :-
 Hardware layer
 relational database layer
 database access layer
 application layer and
 Software layer
Why ERP architecture
 It is the first activity of an ERP project
 Facilitates communication
 Transaction among the members of
the supply chain
 It determines that’s whether a
particular package of ERP serves the
organization requirement or not…
 AN ORGANISATION CAN IMPLEMENT THE ERP
SYSTEM USING EITHER OF TWO APPROACHES :

• BIG BANG APPROACH

• PHASED APPROACH
• All the module are implemented at one go.
• It forces employee to cope with the
change quickly
• Bring the desired benefit in a short span of
time
• It Calls for rapid realignment of process,
greater commitment from the
organization.
• Project is divided into logical phases
• Phases are implemented one at a time
• Each phases focus on a particular key area
• At the end of the project, the system is
tested to ensure that all the module of
system are integrated.
• Risk can be more easily controlled in this
approach.
• “AS-IS”--------PROCESS STUDY
• “TO-BE”------PROCESS DESIGN
• “SIMULATION”
• “ACTUAL IMPLEMENTATION”
• What ERP is all about?
• What exactly is required for implementing
the project effectively.
• Organization fail to plan the project
implementation detail.
• Organization fail to provide the proper
training to its employee.
ADVANTAGES

• Lead Time Reduction


• Punctuality In Shipment
• Reduction In Cycle Time
• Improved Supplier Performance
• Flexibility And Reduction In Quality
Cost
• Improved Resource Utility
DISADVANTAGES

• Inadequate Investment In Ongoing


Training
• Limited Customization
• High Installation Charges
• Difficult To Use
• Restrictive
• High Switching Cost
• Overtime Data Reduces Reliability
ERP implementation from IBM
Goal

Securing performance over


time
 
For securing the performance of organization or any institution,
ERP is used as an effective instrument.IBM ERP solutions can
provide organizations ,different applications to run their
administrative Processes effectively and enhance the learning
environment.
THE ADVANTAGE
 In conjunction with IBM, academic institutions can
optimize daily operations with enhanced business
processes, and industry-leading knowledge and
experience. IBM offers:
• It provide end-to-end, cost-effective solutions that
are unique needs of the education sector.
• It provide experience and methodology necessary
to offer effective solutions in strategy, planning,
infrastructure and technical support.
• Support and leading research on student-centered
environments for administrative services.
• A unique business unit solely dedicated to serving
the needs of institutions of higher education .

THE BENEFITS
 
IBM ERP solutions for higher education can help institutions to realize
their strategic educational objectives and overcome escalating concerns
in critical areas:-.  
Deliver campus-customized online learning opportunities by integrating
wireless technology into institution’s existing infrastructure.

Improve instruction and online teaching by integrating voice data with


converged networks.

Enable efficient planning and deployment of on- and off-campus


services for students and faculty to develop a closer relationship with
campus customers.

Streamline administrative systems and ERP initiatives to help increase


efficiency and reduce costs.
Financial advantage
•ERP with IFS can support wide financial operation of
business.
• Manages financial data with tight interfaces with other
financial modules
•Integrated fixed asset module and project accounting..
•Provides an easy mechanism to set up vendors and
vendor groups.
•Ability to create invoices manually.
•Supports various types of payments.
•Payment receipts in any currency.
•Includes various standard reports and queries.
•Allows for offsetting against credits, prepayments, and
suppliers accounts receivable.
The component
• IBM ERP solutions for higher
education include:
– Customer relationship management
– Supply chain management
– Supplier relationship management
– Business intelligence
– Collaboration and integration
– Tools and technology
• ERP applications that can help university to
manage finances, assets, people, projects,
suppliers and fulfillment processes.
• IBM servers included IBM System i™ model, a
server that allows institutions to run four
different applications from four different
operating systems.
• It had
• IBM Web Sphere® Application Server to integrate
and manage business applications.
• IBM DB2® Universal Database™ Enterprise Edition
industry to optimized the e-business environment.
• IBM security tools for enable Web-based, single
sign-on and access control to applications and data.
The implementation
• The university wanted to replace their old
administrative operations system, and add
a Web-based interface.
• Their new ERP system to have the
capacity of handling student
administration, advancement, finance and
payroll, all as quickly and efficiently as
possible, they selected PeopleSoft for
Higher Education software to run on IBM
servers and IBM Global Services to
implement different modules and integrate
them with their existing software.
• Automated and eliminated many of their
old systems' cumbersome processes,
increasing speed and accuracy.
The cost of ownership
• Open, standards-based architecture,
flexible and allowing easy integration
with legacy systems.
• Modular construction allowing
institution to build their own
framework and allowing to add later
on.
• Infrastructure package, pre-
integrated with software to help
lower institutions total cost of
ownership, simplifying
THANKS