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Conclusions

To What extent are English and


Filipino used in the workplace?

• English is the dominant language in the


workplace, especially among the members
of management.Conclusions

• Language use in the workplace is “status-


bound”.
What is the level of proficiency of the
users in these languages? Does it
adequately meet the demands of the
workplace?

• Management scored higher than non-


management on both English and Filipino
Proficiency Tests.Conclusions

• However, the actual performance on the EPT


is contrary to the self-assessment of both
groups regarding their proficiency in English.
What is the level of proficiency of the
users in these languages? Does it
adequately meet the demands of the
workplace?

• The perception among non-management is that


proficiency in English is a critical factor in
determining promotions.
Conclusions
To what extent are English and Filipino
used in the different participating
academic units of the UP? Of the
participating universities?

• Among students in UP, English is the language


for reading and writing, while Filipino is for
Conclusions
listening and speaking.

• The two participating private universities are for


an all-English language policy.
What is the level of proficiency of the
language users? Does it adequately
meet demands of the different academic
programs?
•The scores of UP respondents on the EPT were higher
than the participating private universities but less than
satisfactory by UP standards.

Conclusions
• There are differences between the students’
performance in the proficiency tests and their own
assessment of their ability, as well as the
discrepancy between their self-assessment and the
faculty’s assessment of their proficiency.
Are there disjunctions between the
language needs and proficiency levels of
workers and students?

• Perception and performance mismatch.

• Students do not see the usefulness of their


basic language courses to their academic studies
Conclusions
and, in turn, to the practice of their chosen
profession.
What should be done to reduce, if not
eliminate, these disjunctions in terms of
language program objectives, content,
and strategies?

• There is a need for more systematic, valid, and


accurate feedback to students on the quality of
their performance.Conclusions
• Basic language courses in English and Filipino
will have to be reviewed.
What are the implications of the
findings of the study to the language
policy of UP?

• UP respondents acknowledge the


persistence of a bilingual situation.
Conclusions
• Different institutions, different language
policies.