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A

technique in which the data from an image are digitized , in order to create an enhanced image that is more useful or pleasing to a human observer, or to perform some of the interpretation and recognition tasks usually performed by humans. known as picture processing.

Also

Acquisition Image Preprocessing Image Segmentation Image Representation Image Description Image Recognition Image Interpretation
Image

Knowledge about a problem domain is coded into an image processing system in the form of a knowledge database.

discusses

various factors and techniques involved with the acquisition and calibration of images. are generated by the combination of an illumination source and the reflection or absorption of energy from that source by the elements of the scene being imaged.

Images

to improve the image data that suppresses unwanted distortions or enhances some image features important for further processing. Four categories of image pre-processing methods:
pixel brightness transformations geometric transformations pre-processing methods that use a local neighborhood of

the processed pixel image restoration that requires knowledge about the entire image.

Segmentation of the image is to subdivide a image into its constituent regions or objects. Image segmentation algorithms generally are based on one of two basic properties of intensity values: discontinuity and similarity. Discontinuity is to partition the image based on abrupt changes in intensity, such as edges of the image. Similarity is to partition the image into regions that are similar according to set of predefined criteria.

to

convert the input data to a form suitable for computer processing.

to

extract features that result in some quantitative information of interest or features that are basic for differentiating one class of objects from another.

to

assign a label to an object based on the information provided by its descriptors. identification of objects in an image with image processing techniques such as noise removal, followed by (low-level) feature extraction to locate lines, regions and possibly areas with certain textures.

The

Extraction

of qualitative and quantitative information in the form of a map, about the shape, location, structure, function, quality, condition, relationship of and between objects by using human knowledge.

wide variety of fields where Image Processing is applied includes


   

bio-medicine analyzing geographical conditions weather analysis remote sensing

Examples include automatic character recognition, industrial machine vision for product assembly & inspection, military recognizance, automatic processing of fingerprints etc.

wide variety of fields where Image Processing is applied includes


   

bio-medicine analyzing geographical conditions weather analysis remote sensing

Examples include automatic character recognition, industrial machine vision for product assembly & inspection, military recognizance, automatic processing of fingerprints etc.