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Prepared by: Janelli Rose A. Valdezco Andrew Abrigo MMA 1-1







happening, existing, living or the present period.

the conscious imagination.









Being an means to the of


-Joseph Kosuth

Never before in history have artists experimented so freely with many media, such different styles, such a wealth and content.

Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci


The is a





Marcel Duchamp Fernand Leger Josef Albers Hans Hoffman and others

Arshile Gorky

Jack Tworkov

Willem de Kooming

James Brooks

Stuart Davis

Philip Guston

no longer look to Europe for their inspiration and their models.

-Jose Clemente Orozc

Many movements have










is a style of painting and sculpture of the 1950s and 1960s in which artists expressionistically distorted abstract images with loose, gestural brushwork.

New York: Vast and muscular

Japanese/Chinese: Gentle and circumscribed



is characterized by: Spontaneous execution Large gestural brushstrokes Abstract imagery and fields of intense color

Arshile Gorky (1905-1948)

Abstract expressionist Painter. Was influenced by 19th century painter influenced by Paul Czanne.

98 inches

72 inches

The Liver is the Cocks Comb (1944)

by Arshile Gorky

Hans Hofmann (1880-1966)

His early works were figural and expressionistic, showing influence of Henri Matisse. He claims that paintings are derived from nature though there are no presentations of imagery can be found.

72 1/2 inches

60 inches

The Golden Wall(1961)

by Hans Hoffman

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)

Pollocks talent is volcanic. He was known as the best Abstract Expressionists. Accident became a prime compositional element in his painting.


Painting no. 5
$140 million

17 55/8 inches

8 10 inches

One (Number 31, 1950)

by Hans Hoffman



A contemporary method of painting characterized by implied motion in the brushstroke and splattered and dripped paint on the canvas.

Lee Krasner (1908-1984)

She was one of only few women in the mainstream of Abstract Expressionism. Wife of Jackson Pollock.
My painting is so autobiographical, if anyone can take the trouble to read it.

60 1/8 inches

48 1/4 inches

Easter Lilies (1956)

by Lee Krasner

Willem de Kooning (1904-1997)

. He is best known for his series of paintings of women that began in 1950.
De Kooning is one of the Abstract Expressionist who never completely surrendered Figurative Painting.

24 inches

18 7/8 inches

Two Women(1953)
by Willem de Kooning

Mark Rothko (1903-1970)

Later in that decade he began to paint the large floating, hazy-edged color fields for which he renowned.
The large scale of these canvases absorbs the viewer in color.

81 inches

90 3/4 inches

Blue, Orange, Red (1961)

by Mark Rothko



Painting that uses visual elements and principles of design to suggest that areas of color stretch beyond the canvas to infinity. Figure and ground receive equal emphasis.


Figureground organization is probably best known by the facesvase drawing that Edgar Rubin described.

Adolph Gottlieb (1903-1974)

He is preeminent among those artists who chose to combine the two styles of Abstract Expressionism.
Burst series of 1957 are the most successful paintings of Adolph.

157 inches

94 inches

Green Turbulence (1968)

by Adolph Gottlieb

Romare Bearden (1914-1988)

African-American artist. Enhanced his artistic vocabulary with the collage techniques.
His artworks are scrapbooklike. (consciousness and experience).

14 1/4 inches

11 1/4 inches

Prevalence of Ritual Mysteries (1964)

by Romare Bearden





A contemporary style in which geometric forms are rendered with precision but with no distinction between foreground and background.

Helen Frankenthaler
She used combination of a vibrant palette, staining technique, and above all, strong abstract image in a structurally sound composition.
She was a bridge between Pollock and what was possible. Kenneth Noland.

87 inches

70 3/4 inches

Lorelei (1957)
by Helen Frankenthaler



Contemporary art that adheres to Minimalist philosophy. Minimalism is a twentieh-century style of nonobjective art in which a minimal number of visual elements are arranged in a simple fashion.

Agnes Martin (1912-2004)

She uses Minimalist style in her painting.
When I cover the square with rectangles, it lightens the weight of the square, destroys its power.

12 inches

12 inches

Untitled (1989)
Acrylic and graphite on canvas

by Agnes Martin



Art that represents the likeness of human and other figures.

Alice Neel (1900-1984)

She is one of the most dramatic figurative painters of the era. She took no commissions but rather handpicked her sitters from all strata of society and often painted them in the nude, or seminude.

60 inches

40 inches

Pregnant Woman (1971)

by Alice Neel

Francis Bacon (1902-1992)

Bacons personalized interpretation of history is expressionistically distorted by what must be a very raw response to the quality of contemporary life.

48 inches

50 7/8 inches

Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef (1961)

by Francis Bacon



An art style originating in the 1960s that uses commercial and popular images and themes as its subject matter.

Richard Hamilton (1902-1992)

A British artist, he had been influenced by Marcel Duchamps idea that the mission of art should be to destroy the normal meanings and functions of art.

9 3/4 inches

10 1/4 inches

Just What Is It Makes Todays Homes So Different (1956) by Richard Hamilton



A contemporary style of painting that attaches other media, such as found objects, to the canvas.

Robert Rauschenberg
He is best known for introducing a construction referred to as the combine painting, in which stuffed animals, bottles, articles of clothing and furniture, and scraps of photographs are attached to the canvas.

7 1/4 x 31 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches Combine painting: Oil and pencil on pillow, quilt, and sheet on wood supports.

The Bed (1955) by Robert Rauschenberg

5 1/2 x 8 x 4 3/4 inches

Painted Bronze (1960)

by Jasper Johns

Andy Warhol (1962)

Warhol painted and printed much more than industrial products. He executed a series of portraits of public figures and he turned to portraits to political leaders.

82 1/4 inches

57 inches

Green Coca-Cola Bottles (1962)

by Andy Warhol


It is the rendering of subjects with sharp, photographic precision, is firmly rooted in the long, realistic tradition in the arts.

Audrey Flack (b. 1931)

During the 1950s she showed figure paintings that were largely ignored, in part because of the popularity of Abstract Expressionism.

96 inches

96 inches

World War II (Vanitas)

by Audrey Flack





A style of art dating from the 1960s that creates the illusion of vibrations through afterimages, disorienting perspective, and the juxtaposition of contrasting colors. Also called optical art or optical painting.

Victor Vasarely (19061997)

He experimented with the illusion of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface using linear perspective and atmospheric effects.

6 10 1/2 inches

6 6 3/4 inches

Orion (1956)
by Victor Vasarely

Jennifer Bartlett (1989)

She combines narrative, conceptual art, representation, and some abstract process painting of the sort we find in Abstract Expressionism.

192 inches

108 inches

Spiral: An Ordinary Evening in New Haven (1989)

by Jennifer Bartlett

Susan Rothenberg (1975)

Her artwork Diagonal also sets as an example of New Image Painting in bringing together representational and abstract art.

60 inches

40 inches

Diagonal (1975)
by Susan Rothenberg



A decorative contemporary style that uses evocative signs, symbols, and patterns.

86 1/2 inches

87 1/2 inches

Le Tour (1979)
by Kim Macconnel

Elizabeth murray (1940)

A painter, who has affirmed a belief in abstraction as a viable style, in the midst of trends that find it sterile and unreachable.

126 inches

135 inches

Sail Baby (1983)

by Elizabeth Murray



The 1st generation Abstract Expressionists developed a style that was viewed worldwide as highly original and influential. German and Italian artists, who came to be called Neo Expressionists, detested painting about nothing.

Anselm kiefer (1945)

Kiefer has been able to synthesize an expressionistic painterly style with strong abstract elements in a narrative form of painting that makes multivalent references to German history and culture.

18 3/4 inches

14 inches

Dein Goldenes Haar, Margarethe (1981)

by Anselm Kiefer

Eric Fishcl (1948)

Eric focused on middleclass life in suburbs, including Levittown, Long Island. Fishcls A visit To / A Visit From / The Island shifts the locale from bigcity suburbs to an island vacation setting.

84 x 84 inches

A visit / A Visit From / The Island (1983)

by Eric Fischl

Jean Michel Basquiat (1960 1988)

He is now considered to have been one of the most talented artists of his generation as well as a symbolic casualty of the cycle of work, success, and burnout that characterized the 1980s in the United States.

86 x 86 inches

Melting Point of Ice (1984)

by Jean-Michael Baquiat


Henry Moore (1898 1986)

He executed blocky reclining figures reminiscent of the Native American art of Mexico. In 1930, Moore turned to bronze and wood and was also influenced by Picasso.

30 inches

16 inches

Reclining Figure, Lincoln Center (1963-1965)

by Henry Moore


George Segal (1926 2000)

He was a student of Hans Hofmann and painted until 1958. He achieved renown as Pop Art Sculptor in 1960.

37 x 36 x 29 inches

Cezanne Still Life #5 (1982)

by George Segal

Marisol Escobar (1930)

Venezuelan artist, known to the world as Marisol, creates figurative assemblages from plaster, wood, fabric, paint, found objects, photographs, and other sources.

72 x 82 x 16 inches

Women and Dog (1964)

by Marisol

Duane Hanson (1925 1996)

His Tourists is characteristic of the work of a number of contemporary sculptors in that it uses synthetic substances such as liquid polyester resin to closely approximate the visual and tactile qualities of flesh.

Lifesize: Polyster resin/ fiberglass

Tourists (1970)
by Duane Hanson

Deborah Butterfield (1949)

Montana sculptor Deborah has been interested in horses since her childhood in California. She uses horses to create something of a symbolic self portrait.

76 x 108 x 41 inches Composed of: Steel, sheet aluminum, wire and tar

Horse # 6-82(1982)
by Deborah Butterfield

David Smith (1906 1965)

An American artist, moved away from figurative sculpture in the 1940s. He uses overall gestural quality found in Abstract Expressionist paintings.

H: 9 8 H: 9 H: 9 5 Composed of: Stainless steel

Cubi Series (1982)

by David Smith

Alexander Calder (1898 1976)

The Mobiles of Smith are some of the most popular examples of kinetic art in the 20th Century.

by Alexander Calder East building mobile

Judy Pfaff (1946)

Another contemporary sculpture form is the installation, in which materials form planks of wood to pieces of string and metal are assembled to fit within specific roomsized exhibition space.

Dragon (January-April 1981)

by Judy Pfaff
Installation view

Nancy Graves (1940)

She has worked both in figural and abstract styles and is comfortable with ignoring the traditional boundary between them.

Tarot (1984)
Bronze with polychrome patina and enamel

by Nancy Graves

Jean Tinguely (19251991)

Swiss-born kinetic sculptor was an able satirist of the machine age who shares the Dadaist view of art as anti-art.

Fragment from Homage to New York (1960)

by Jean Tinguely
Painted Metal

Jackie Winsor (1941)

Canadian-born Jackie, like many of her contemporaries, is taken with the primal aesthetics of simple geometric forms. Her works are more likely to have a weathered organic, handmade look.

Fragment from Homage to New York (1960)

by Jean Tinguely
Wood, reinforced concrete, plaster, gold leaf, and explosive residue.



is a movement that refers to the efforts and accomplishments of feminists internationally to make art that reflects women's lives and experiences, as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art.

The Doll House (1972)

by Miriam Schapiro with Sherry Brody
Mixed media: 84 x 40 x 41 inches

The Dinner Party (1972)

by Judy Chicago
Painted porcelain and needlework

Painted porcelain and needlework

Ana Mendieta (1948-1985)

Like some women artists, she shunned painting; especially abstract painting, as historically inundated with male values.

Arbol de la Vida, no.249 (1977)

by Ana Mendieta
Documentation of earth- body sculpture with artist, tree trunk, and mud, at Old Mans Creek, Iowa City, IA.

Barbara Kruger (1945)

Barbara Kruger's, in Untitled, confronts her male and female viewers with stereotypical epithets for the "dominant sex," seeming to criticize females for feeding male expectations as much as males for having them.

We wont play nature to your culture (1983)

by Barbara Kruger

Joan Snyder (1945)

From the early 1970s onward, Snyder focused on women's issues in her work, unifying her narrative content with lush brushwork and an often dramatic palette.

Small Symphony for Women #1 (1974)

by Joan Snyder
24 x 24; 24 x 72 inches




Spiral Jetty, Great Sea Salt, Utah (1970)

by Robert Smithson
Black rocks, salt, earth, water, and algae L: 1500; W:15

The Ice Cube Project (2004)

by Marco Evaristti
Red dye and sea water, Greenland coast.



Works that use a video screen or an assemblage of screens or monitors; images shown on video monitors.

Grobal Groove (1973)

by Nam June Paik

Three Mountains (1976-1979)

by Shigeko Kubota

The Crossing (1996)

by Bill Viola

Getaway #2 (1994)
by Tony Oursler




Untitled (1983)
by Keith Haring

Study for Payphone (2001)

by Robert Lazzarni

Digital Landscape in the sunset/sunrise desert (2000) by Yael Karanek

Winchester (2002)
by Jeremy Blake

Digital Venus (1996)

by Lynn Hershman






A style of architecture that rejects classical model, deemphasizes ornamentation, and frequently uses strong, recently developed materials.

Cape Cod-Style Houses Built By Levitt & Sons, Levittown, NY by Shigeko Kubota

Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut, Ronchamp, France (1950-1954) by Le Corbusier

Interior, south wall, Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut

by Le Corbusier

Habitat, Expo 67, Montreal (1967)

by Moshe Safdie

Farnsworth House, Fox River, Plano, IL (1950)

by Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

Lever House, New York (1951-1952)

by Gordon Bunshaft


A contemporary style that arose as a reaction to Modernism and that returns to ornamentation drawn from Classical and historical sources.



A Postmodern approach to the design of buildings that disassembles and reassembles the basic elements of architecture. The focus is on the creation of forms that may appear abstract, disharmonious, and disconnected from the functions of the building. Deconstructivism challenges the view that there is one correct way to approach architecture.



A style of architecture innovated by Frank Lloyd Wright early in the twentieth century and characterized by houses with low, horizontal lines that blended with their flat prairie sites, a central chimney, an open plan that allowed living space to flow together, and use of windows, doors, and decking to encourage the integration of interior space with surrounding terrain.

Sony Plaza (formerly AT&T Building), New York (1984)

by Burgee Architects with Philip Johnson

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain (1997)

by Frank Gehry

Extension of the Berlin Museum (1989-1996)

by Daniel Libeskind

Central Library, Seatte (2004)

by Rem Koolhaas

Residential Tower on South Street, New York)

by Santiago Calatrava

Cremaster 2 (1999)
by Matthew Barney

VB43 (2000)
by Vanessa Beecroft

If / Then (2001)
by Ken Feingold

The Fag Show (2000)

by Sarah Lucas

Still from Passage (2001)

by Shirin Neshat

Angel (2000)
by David Salle

Training Crawl, Lewiston, ME (Fall 2001)

by William Pope.L.

Mortuary (2003-2004)
by Damien Thirst

Still from Easy to Remember (2001)

by Lorna Simpson

Self-Pieta (2001)
by Sam Taylor-Wood

Insurrection! (2000)
(Our tools Were Rudimentary. Yet We Pressed On)

by Kara Walker


The FUTURE is in your . . .

Please check under your chair maybe theres . . .